mandarin / citrus unshiu
Refers to the family of rut.
General description : Evergreen citrus plant. Leaves are leathery, corrugated, old leaves fall down within a year and are replaced with new ones. In the rooms are usually bred Mandarin Unshiu (seedless).
Recommendations for the care of the plant Mandarin:
Illumination : Photophilous, shading is needed only in the summer noon.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
To water with warm soft water. He does not adore in any way the overflow, nor the drying out of the earth.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms.
For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature regime : In summer the temperature should be moderate 15-18 ° C., In winter cool, 12-15 ° C.
Soil : Proper benign drainage is required. You can add small gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mix: for young mandarins: 2 elements of turf, 1 share of leaf land, 1 share of overripe cow dung and 1 share of sand.
Soil for mature mandarins: 3 elements of sod, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of overripe cow dung, 1 share of sand with the addition of fatty clay.
During the growth period, it needs regular fertilizing watering. Use a slurry of cow dung, special fertilizer for citrus.
Breeding : Air-laying and vaccination. But it is best to germinate the seeds in a roomy environment.
Transplantation : Young plants are transplanted annually, mature, older than three years are transplanted after a couple of years, but annually replace the upper layer of the earth.
Transplanted by the method of transshipment, at which time the roots will be well braided by an earth clod. Transshipment should be carried out carefully, without damaging the earth com.
Pests : Most often it is affected by scarlet spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), scabbards (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharge).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
mandarin - citrus unshiu