codium (croton) / codiaeum
Belongs to the family of euphorbiaceae. Fatherland - Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands.
General description : Croton is an ornamental and deciduous plant. Branches are branched, erect, up to 70 cm in height. The leaves are bright, leathery. The forms are the most diverse: laurel, ribbon-shaped, in the form of an arrowhead, twisting, lobed, etc. The colors of the leaves are also different, in addition, they change it depending on age. Young leaves have more yellow color, mature ones have scarlet. The veins and edges of the sheet are usually colored, but there may simply be a speck or blotches. Flowers are not so spectacular in any way, snow-white, not large at all.
Crotons are capricious, they need to provide stable and error-free care.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Codium (Croton):
Illumination : Photophilous, shading is necessary only in the summer afternoon, in the spring you should carefully accustom to direct sunlight, in order to avoid burns.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter. She does not adore in any way overflow or drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Needs frequent spraying (2 times a day).
Remove from central heating.
Humidity is similarly maintained by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or expanded clay, which is non-stop wetted.
Temperature : Croton loves a constant temperature of 16-18 ° C.
Soil: Necessary benign drainage. You can add fine gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mishmash: 1 share of turf land, 1 share of peat land, 1 share of leafy land and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs regular top dressing once every 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers for decorative and deciduous indoor plants.
Breeding : In spring, soil heating and phytohormone use root the cuttings.
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at which time the pot becomes cramped (the roots begin to sprout through the drainage holes) once every several years.
Pests : Most often affected by scale insects (brown plaques appear on leaves and stems, leaving sticky secretions), spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs).
The plant is allowed to help finish with soapy water, warm washing and spraying with Actellik (1-2 ml per liter of water).
codium (croton) - codiaeum