Codiaeum (Croton) / codiaeum
It belongs to the euphorbia family. The fatherland is Southeast Asia and the islands of the Pacific Ocean.
General description : Croton is an ornamental deciduous plant. Stems branching, erect, up to 70 cm in height. The leaves are bright, leathery. Forms are the most diverse: laurel-shaped, tapered, in the shape of an arrowhead, twisting, lobed, etc. The color of the leaves is also different, besides, they change it depending on age. Young leaves have more yellow color, mature scarlet. Usually colored streaks, the edges of the sheet, but there may be just a speck or blotches. Flowers are not so spectacular, snow-white color, not large at all.
Crotons are capricious, they need to provide stable and error-free care.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Codiaum (Croton):
Illumination : Light-loving, shading is needed only at summer midday, in the spring it should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter. Does not love in any way overflowing, nor drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Needs frequent spraying (2 times a day).
Remove from central heating.
Humidity is similarly maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is constantly wetted.
Temperature : Croton loves a constant temperature of 16-18 ° C.
Soil: Requires benign drainage. You can add petty gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of peat land, 1 share of leafy land and 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth it needs regular fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers for decorative and deciduous houseplants.
Cultivation : In spring, when soil is heated and using phytohormones, rooting cuttings are rooted.
Transplant : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made tight (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes) once every few years.
Pests : Most often affected by shields (brown leaves on leaves and stems, which leave sticky secretions), spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven with spiderwebs).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Codiaeum (Croton) - codiaeum