It belongs to the Agave family. Fatherland - Australia, Polynesia.
General description : Cordilina looks like a dragon flower. This is a large solitary plant, grows slowly, but lives long.
A wide variety of types and forms, the most common:
- Cordylinu stricta (Cordilina straight) - a tree with a height of up to 2 m. It has long lanceolate matted leaves with rough edges.
- Cordylinu terminalis (Cordilina apical) May possess a weakly branched or straight trunk. The leaves, as if standing, with red stripes or spots. This false palm is compact enough - 40-70 cm in height.
- Cordylinu australis (Cordilina australian). This is a tall species 1-1.5 m tall. The leaves are narrow, long, arcuately curved. There are variegated forms. This is the most unpretentious of the Cordilin.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Cordilina:
Illumination : Light-loving, in a warm time of the year they prefer diffused light, in the winter direct sun rays are useful, it is better to keep closer to the south windows.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
It is recommended that watering by immersing the pot in a pan of water until the saturation is full.
He does not like no overflow, nor drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Loves high humidity, need frequent spraying.
Humidity is similarly maintained by placing pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is constantly wetted.
Temperature : Moderate, cool in winter at a temperature of 8-10 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips. The soil is acidic or slightly acidic. When a white lime deposit appears on the ground surface, the upper layer must be replaced.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of rotted manure, 1 share of leafy land and 1 share of sand.
In the period of growth it needs regular supplements 1 time every 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers for decorative leafy plants.
Cultivation : In spring, when soil is heated and using phytohormones, root cuttings are rooted.
Transplant : In the spring, once a couple of years.
Pests : Most often they are affected by aphids (they form sticky discharges on the tops of the shoots), scutes (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, which leave sticky discharges), thrips (grayish spots on the leaves).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Cordilina southern or Australian - cordylinu australis
apical cordilina - cordylinu terminalis