Cordillin / cordyline
Refers to the family of agave. Fatherland - Australia, Polynesia.
General description: Cordilina is similar to dracene. This large single plant, grows slowly, but lives long.
A wide variety of species and forms, the most common:
- Cordylin stricta (Cordilina straight) - a tree of height up to 2 m. It has long lanceolate matte leaves with rough edges.
- Cordylin terminalis (Cordilinus apical) May possess a weakly branched or straight trunk. Leaves, as if standing, with red stripes or spots. This false palm is compact enough - 40-70 cm in height.
- Cordylin australis (Cordillina Australian). This tall view is 1-1.5 m in height. Leaves are narrow, long, arcuate, curved. There are variegated forms. This is the most unpretentious of the cordillins.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Cordilina:
Illumination : Photovoltaic, in the warm season, scattered light is preferred, in the winter direct sunlight is useful, it is better to keep closer to the southern windows.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
It is recommended to water the method by immersing the pot in a tray with water up to a full saturation.
He does not adore in any way the overflow, nor the drying out of the earth.
Humidity of air : It loves high humidity, frequent sprinkles are needed.
Air humidity is similarly supported by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or expanded clay, which is continuously moistened.
Temperature regime : Moderate, in the winter cool at a temperature of 8-10 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips. The soil is acidic or weakly acidic. When a snow-white calcareous deposit appears on the surface of the soil, the top layer must be replaced.
Recommended soil mishmash: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of overripe manure, 1 share of leaf land and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs regular fertilizing once every 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers for ornamental-deciduous plants.
Breeding : In the spring in the soil heating and using phytohormones root shoots root.
Transplantation : In the spring, once a couple of years.
Pests : Most often affected by aphids (form sticky excretions on the tips of shoots), scutes (leaves and stems appear brown plaques, leaving sticky excretions), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm washing and spraying with an actinic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Cordylin southern or Australian - cordylin australis
Cordillinum apical - cordylin terminalis