Refers to the family of primrose. The motherland is Iran and the Eastern Mediterranean.
General description : Cyclamen is a very popular tuber decorative and flowering and ornamental-deciduous plant. It is compact, has heart-shaped leaves in silver-green patterns, very beautiful flowers with back-bent petals on long peduncles. However, cyclamen is a rather demanding plant, it is better to buy it in autumn, with good care it will bloom in autumn and winter. Later the flowering plant is cut off and placed until the middle of summer in a cool room. Then pot with cyclamen put in a shaded room in a fresh atmosphere until the appearance of sprouts.
Recommendations for caring for the plant Cyclamen:
Illumination : Needs bright, but diffused light.
Irrigation mode : In the flowering period, a uniform abundant watering method by immersion in soft water. Later, flowering and trimming watering gradually reduce. In the period of inactivity, they do not water at all. Watering begins in the middle of summer.
Humidity : Likes high humidity, but does not like spraying. It is better to spray the atmosphere around the plant and arrange containers with water.
Air humidity is similarly supported by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or claydite, which is continuously moistened.
Temperature regime : Optimum 12-15 ° С, minimum 10 ° С, maximum 17 ° С.
Soil : Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mixture: 1 share of leaf, 1 share humus, 1 share of sod land and 1 element of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once every two weeks with fertilizer for flowering plants.
Breeding : Seeds for soil heating in late summer and crushing tubers.
Transplant : When the first shoots appear, late summer, the tubers are transplanted into fresh ground. The tuber has to be deepened into the ground only by half. Later, watering the irrigation is limited, you need a shade.
Pests : It is struck by a cyclamen mite (it appears with excessive humidity, it looks as if a layer of dust is on the lower surface of the leaf) and thrips (gray dots appear on the leaves).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).