dracaena / dracaena
Refers to the family of agave. Fatherland - Asia and Africa.
General description : An impressive variety of species and forms, the most common:
Dracaena marginata (Dracena bordered). A very popular solitary plant. Serpentine, with age branching trunk reaches more than 3 m in height. Leaves are up to 70 cm long. Leaves are narrow, curved, green or with a red stripe on the outskirts. there are forms with more variegated leaves, having bright yellow and red stripes.
Dracaena deremensis (Dracaena Derema) grows up to 1.5 m. This dracene grows slowly. Mainly has variegated forms. there is a low-scaled form of Dracaena deremensis compacta.
Dracaena Draco (Dragon Draco) grows up to 1.5 m. It has hard, xiphoid leaves with a scarlet reflection on the outskirts. Old leaves arcuate arched. The stem releases resin. This species is one of the unpretentious dracenas.
Dracaena godseffina (Dracaena Godsef) stands alone among Drazen. Its leaves do not depart from the long stem, as if from the rest. The stems are like wire. Dracaena Godsef is a bush. Plus the appearance of the leaves is also not narrow and cereal, but it is broadly ovoid. Color mottled, in a thick speck. Young dracaena of this species blooms yellowish-green flowers with a fragrant smell, forms red berries.
Dracaena fragrans (Dracena fragrant) grows up to 2 m. The leaves are large and bright, twisted into the upper elements of the trunk. On the leaves in the middle or along the edges are yellow or silvery stripes. This dracene received its name because of the very flattering smell of its snow-white flowers. It is quite unpretentious, can withstand temperatures in winter up to 10 ° С.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Dracaena:
Illumination : Needs bright, but diffused light.
Irrigation regime : Moderate, by the measure of drying of the soil. In the winter, outlandish.
He does not adore in any way the overflow, nor the drying out of the earth.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying and washing under the shower.
For the summer it is better to place the dracaena on a fresh atmosphere (in a park or on a balcony), in a room protected from wind and from direct sunlight.
Temperature regime : In summer the temperature should be moderate, in winter it is cool.
Soil: Drainage is mandatory. It is useful to add charcoal and brick crumbs.
Recommended soil mishmash: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of leaf land, 1 proportion of overgrown manure and 1/2 elements of sand.
When a snow-white deposit appears on the surface of the soil, the top layer must be replaced. It seems useful to periodically loosen the upper layer of the earth.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once every 2 weeks with complex fertilizers ("Giant", "Rainbow" "Ideal", etc.)
Breeding : In the spring, in the soil heating and using phytohormones, the apical or stalk cuttings root. Green forms of dracaena also reproduce by seeds.
Transplantation : In the spring 1 time in 2 years.
Pests : Dracaena is most often affected by scutes (leaves and stems appear brown plaques, leaving sticky discharge).
and when dry air and heat can appear thrips - a small black flying insect, leaving on the leaves a characteristic silvery streaks.
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Dracaena - Dracaena