durant / duranta
Refers to the vervain family. Fatherland - the tropics of India, Central and South America.
General description : Ornamental flowering plant. Leaves with jagged edges. Coloring of flowers is different depending on the variety: snow-white, pink, blue, etc. To form the crown, the durant during the growth period is regularly pricked and pruned.
Usually in the indoor setting the following species are bred:
Duranta plumieri (Durant Plumier or "Dovey berry"). This is an abundantly flowering tree with elongated, pointed leaves at the ends. Flowers are small, blue or lilac. Later, blossoms on durant formed yellow berries.
Duranta lorentzii (Durant Lorentz) grows in the form of a bush up to 1.5 m high with tetrahedral shoots. Its leaves are smaller, leathery and serrate on the outskirts.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms. Durant loves a fresh atmosphere, but without drafts.
Temperature regime : In summer the temperature should be moderate, in winter it should not be lower than 16 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is mandatory. It is useful to add charcoal and brick crumbs.
Recommended soil mix: 1 share of sod land, 2 elements of leaf land, 1 share of humus, 1 share of peat and 1 part of sand.
During the growth period, it needs regular fertilizing with liquid complex fertilizers, similarly twice a season it is allowed to confuse the upper layer of the earth with the overripe cow dung.
Breeding : In the spring in the soil heating and using phytohormones, the lignified cuttings root. In winter and at the source of spring, seeds are germinated by soil heating.
Transplantation : In the spring, young plants annually, mature once a couple of years.
Pests : Durant is most often affected by scutes (brown plaques appear on leaves and stems, leaving sticky secretions), spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), aphids.
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Recommendations for the care of the plant Durant:
Illumination : Photophilous, preferring southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight, in order to avoid burns.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter, but not to allow drying out.
Durant Plumier Duranta plumieri
Durante Lorentz Duranta lorentzii