echinopsis / echinopsis
Refers to the family of cactus.
General description : Echinopsis is a very common cactus. Its stem, at first globular, gradually stretches out and becomes cylindrical. A characteristic feature - the upbringing of numerous children. Blossoms with impressive tubular flowers in adulthood, about 5 years of life. Flowers usually appear on the side opposite to the sun, the pot should not be turned over.
Usually in the indoor setting the following species are bred:
Echinopsis eyriesii (Echinopsis Airies) owns a spherical or a small columnar ribbed stem of a dark green color, covered with short brown spines. The flowers are large, snow-white, on the pubescent peduncle, very fragrant.
Echinopsis rhodotricha (Echinopsis red-haired) owns long, sharp, reddish spines on a ribbed cylindrical stem. Flowers without a smell.
Echinopsis oxigona (Echinopsis acute) possesses a large spherical stem, whitish spines. Flowers are pink or red.
Echinopsis ancistrophora is a compact cactus with an oblate-globose stem, well-defined tubercles on the ribs, of which hook-shaped spines grow. Flowers large, snow-white
Recommendations for caring for the plant Echinopsis:
Illumination : Photophilous, preferring southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight, in order to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode : Moderate during growth, in winter unusual, especially if the plant is kept cool.
Humidity of air : Periodic spraying from a shallow atomizer is desirable, but the echinopsis is not exacting to the humidity of the atmosphere. For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony). In winter, a dry essence is necessary.
Temperature regime : Moderate, in winter, the period of inactivity at a temperature of 5-10 ° C.
Soil: Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mix: 2 elements of turf, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of humus, 1 part of peat land, 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, one needs fertilizing once per moon with fertilizers for cacti and succulents.
Breeding : Children and seeds (babies are easier, but the seeds of the plant are better).
Transplantation : In the spring, young plants annually, mature once a couple of years.
Pests : It is affected by scarlet spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), scabbards (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky excretions), mealybugs (covered with snow-white cotton wool).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
echinopsis eyrieza - echinopsis eyriesii
echinopsis - echinopsis