spurge / euphorbia
Belongs to the euphorbia family.
General description : Euphorbia - succulent plants of very diverse shapes and sizes. A universal sign is the milky sap of snow-white color that stands out on scraps or on sections of stalks and leaves, causing mucosal burns.
Usually in room conditions the following types are bred:
- Euphorbia milii (splendens) (Euphorbia Mile or Euphorbia brilliant) is a small shrub with rigid, upright stems covered with sharp and long spines. The leaves are oblong, bright green. Its flowers are small, yellow, but the bracts are very bright (color: scarlet, yellow, salmon), they are usually mistaken for real flowers. Quite unpretentious plant;
- Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbia tirukalli) is also a shrub, but without any leaves or thorns. Its shape is formed by very peculiar stalks, similar to small, fleshy sticks;
- Euphorbia obesa (fat euphorbia) also does not own any spines, its stem is spherical, as if it were a cactus. It has visible warty ribs;
- Euphorbia pulcherrima (Euphorbia the finest or Poinsettia) . This species in Catholic countries is a symbol of Christmas, at which time it blooms very nicely. Large red, white or pink leaves appear under rather small buds. This species is considered to be a one-year-old; it is difficult for him to ensure a comfortable wintering;
- Euphorbia polygona (Euphorbia multifaceted) has fleshy round-ribbed stems. The ribs have a warty education and spikes. Blossoms small yellowish inflorescences.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Euphorbia:
Illumination : Light-loving, prefers southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode : Moderate, to measure the drying of the soil. In winter, outlandish. Water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Periodic warm spraying is desirable, but spurge is not sensitive to the humidity of the atmosphere.
Temperature : In the summer, the temperature should be moderate 20-25 ° C., In the winter cool 10-16 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers (for flowering or succulents, depending on the species).
Breeding : Atmosphere-dried stem cuttings.
Transplant : Young plants are transplanted annually, mature, older than three years transplanted after a couple of years.
Pests : Euphorbia is affected by aphids (forming sticky discharges on tops of shoots, buds), whiteflies (on the underside of leaves whitish or yellowish spots appear), powdery worms (covered with snow-white vatoobrazny fuzz).
With a slight infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution is recommended.
fat euphorbia - euphorbia obesa
euphorbia - Euphorbia grandicornis
euphorbia beautiful - euphorbia pulcherrima
euphorbia mile - euphorbia milii