spurge / euphorbia
It belongs to the euphorbia family.
General description : Euphorbia - succulent plants of various shapes and sizes. A universal sign is the milky sap of snow-white color, which stands out on scraps or sections of stalks and leaves, and causes mucosal burns.
Usually in room conditions the following types are bred:
- Euphorbia milii (splendens) (Euphorbia Mile or Euphorbia brilliant) is a small shrub with stiff, upright stems covered with sharp and long spines. Leaves oblong, bright green. Its flowers are small, yellow, but the bracts are very bright (color: scarlet, yellow, salmon), they are usually mistaken for real flowers. Enough unpretentious plant;
- Euphorbia tirucalli (Euphorbia tirukalli) is also a shrub, but it has no leaves or thorns. Its shape is formed by very peculiar stalks, similar to small, fleshy sticks;
- Euphorbia obesa (fat euphorbia) also does not own any spines, its stem is spherical, as if it were a cactus. There are visible ribs with warty formations;
- Euphorbia pulcherrima (Euphorbia the finest or Poinsettia) . This species in the Catholic countries is a symbol of Christmas, at which time it blooms very nicely. Large red, snow-white or pink leaves appear under rather small buds. This species is considered a one-year-old, it is difficult for him to provide a comfortable wintering;
- Euphorbia polygona (Euphorbia multifaceted) has fleshy round-ribbed stems. The ribs have a wart education and spikes. Blossoms small yellowish inflorescences.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Euphorbia:
Illumination : Light-loving, preferred southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode : Moderate, to measure the drying out of the soil. Winter outlandish. Water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Periodic warm spraying is desirable, but spurge is not sensitive to atmospheric humidity.
Temperature : In the summer, the temperature should be moderate 20-25 ° C., In the winter cool 10-16 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth, needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers (for flowering or succulents, depending on the species).
Dilution : Atmosphere-dried stem cuttings.
Transplant : Young plants are transplanted annually, mature, older than three years transplanted after a couple of years.
Pests : Euphorbia is affected by aphids (forming sticky discharges on the tips of the shoots, buds), whiteflies (whitish or yellowish spots appear on the underside of the leaves), powdery worms (covered with a snow-white cotton-like fuzz).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution is recommended.
fat euphorbia - euphorbia obesa
euphorbia - Euphorbia grandicornis
euphorbia beautiful - euphorbia pulcherrima
euphorbia mile - euphorbia milii