ikus / ficus
It belongs to the mulberry family.
General description : Ficus is one of the most popular indoor plants. He owns bush and ampelous forms. Its size ranges from large trees to ground cover plants.
Usually in room conditions the following types are bred:
Ficus elastica (Ficus rubber). This is the most common species owns several varieties that have differences in the shape and color of the leaves. Its leaves are very large, leathery, bright, on long cuttings. This is a large tree plant.
Ficus benjamina (Ficus Benjamin) is a ficus tree with drooping branches and pointed leaves that are much smaller than the previous species. and owns spectacular variegated forms.
Ficus lirata (Ficus lyre-shaped) is a ficus tree with large leaves resembling a violin in shape. They have wavy edges and wax coating.
Ficus lirata pumila (Ficus dwarf). This is an ampel fast growing species. It has thin, wire-like stems and thin heart-shaped leaves up to 2.5 cm long.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Ficus:
Illumination : Tree ficuses need bright but diffused light, other species prefer penumbra.
Irrigation mode : Moderate for tree ficus moderate to measure the drying of the soil. In winter, outlandish. Ampel forms are watered more often, but similar to care. Water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Periodic spraying with warm water is desirable, especially for ampelous forms. Keep away from drafts.
Temperature : Moderate, in winter at least 12 ° C.
Soil : Recommended soil hash: 2 leaf elements, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of humus.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with liquid complex fertilizers ("Ispolin", Raduga "" Ideal ", etc.)
Dilution : In summer, when soil is heated and using phytohormones, root and leaf cuttings are rooted. Tree ficuses are similar to air layering.
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made close (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes). but annually replace the upper layer of the earth.
Pests : Affected by scutes (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky secretions), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
rubber plant ficus - f. elastica
Benjamin's ficus - f. benjamina
ficus lyrate - f. lirata
ficus dwarf - f. pumila