Icicus / Ficus
Refers to the mulberry family.
General description : Ficus is one of the popular indoor plants. He owns clustered and ampel forms. Its dimensions range from large trees to ground cover plants.
Usually in the indoor setting the following species are bred:
Ficus elastica (Ficus elastica). This is the most common species owns several varieties, differing in shape and color of the leaves. Its leaves are very large, leathery, bright, with long cuttings. This is a large tree-like plant.
Ficus benjamina (Ficus Benjamin) is a tree-like ficus with wilting branches and pointed leaves, which are much smaller than the previous species. and owns spectacular variegated forms.
Ficus lirata (Ficus lyrate) is a tree-shaped ficus with large leaves in a form reminiscent of a violin. They have wavy margins and a wax coating.
Ficus lirata pumila. This is an ampel fast-growing species. Has thin, wire-like stems and thin heart-shaped leaves up to 2.5 cm long.
Recommendations for caring for the plant Ficus:
Illumination : Tree-shaped fig trees need bright, but scattered light, other species prefer partial shade.
Irrigation regime : For tree-shaped ficuses, moderate, by the measure of drying of the soil. In the winter, outlandish. Ampel forms are watered more often, but similar to carefulness. To water with warm soft water.
Humidity of air : Periodic spraying with warm water is desirable, especially for ampel forms. Keep away from drafts.
Temperatures : Moderate, in winter minimum 12 ° C.
Soil : Recommended soil mixture: 2 leaf elements, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of humus.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once a 2 weeks with liquid complex fertilizers ("Giant", "Rainbow" "Ideal", etc.)
Breeding : In the summer, in the soil heating and using phytohormones, the apical and leaf cuttings root. Tree ficuses are similar to air layers.
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made tight (the roots begin to germinate through the drainage holes). but annually replace the upper layer of the earth.
Pests : It strikes with scabbards (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky excretions), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
ficus rubber - f. elastica
ficus benjamin - f. benjamina
ficus lyrate - f. lirata
ficus pygmy - f. pumila