Fittonia / Fittonia
It belongs to the family of acanthus. Fatherland - South America
General description : Fittonia is best grown in a terrarium, under normal conditions it is difficult for it to survive and not to lose its appeal. This groundcover herb owns very beautiful motley leaves, the flowers are unattractive.
Usually in room conditions the following types are bred:
Fittonia verschaffeltii (Fittonia Fershafelt). This fittonia has creeping branched stems, up to 10 cm tall. Leaves 5-10 cm long oval. Paint olive-green with pink streaks, slightly pubescent.
Fittonia agryroneura (Fittonia silver and silver filament) has upright stems. Leaves, depending on the type of large (10 cm) or small (2.5 cm). Paint - green with silver streaks. Small-leaved variety less capricious.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Fittonia:
Illumination : Preferred penumbra.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
Does not love in any way overflowing, nor drying up of the earth. Water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying.
Humidity is similarly maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is constantly wetted. Keep away from drafts.
Temperature range : 20-25 ° С in summer, in winter 18-20 ° С, minimum 17 ° С.
Soil : Recommended soil mix: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of heather (or coniferous), 1/2 peat elements, 1/2 sand.
In the period of growth needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with complex fertilizers for decorative leafy plants.
Cultivation : Stem cuttings root easily in spring and summer, like crushing during transplantation, layering.
Transplant : Transplanted in the spring, annually. The root system is superficial, so the pot is forced to be wide, but not deep.
Pests : Affected by scutes (brown plaques appear on leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharges), spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven over with spider webs).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
fittonia - fittonia