gardenia / gardenia
Belongs to the family marenovyh. Fatherland - China, India, Africa.
General description : Usually in room conditions the type Gardenia jasminoides (Gardenia jasminoid) is bred. This is a bush about 50 cm tall. Owns bright green broadly lanceolate leaves up to 10 cm long. Snow-white flowers are very beautiful, with a flattering smell, double or semi-double, single or gathered in scaly inflorescences. It blooms in the summer-autumn period.
Gardenias are capricious, they need to provide stable and error-free care.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Gardenia:
Illumination : Light-loving, but in the summer does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter. Water with warm soft water. He does not like no overflow, nor drying up of the earth.
Humidity : At what time the plant does not bloom, it is sprayed daily and regularly washed with cool water. At the time of flowering, in order not to spoil the flowers, the humidity of the atmosphere is maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is continuously moistened.
Temperature : Moderate in the warm season (not above 25 ° C.). In winter, it is optimal to 16-18 ° C. Gusmania does not like drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. Acidity pH 4.5 - 5.5 must be maintained by checking the litmus paper. When a white plaque appears on the ground surface, the upper layer must be replaced, and iron-containing preparations should be added a couple of times during the season.
Recommended soil mix: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of leafy land, 1 share of peat, 1 share of coniferous land and 1 share of sand. Suitable mash for azaleas.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing 1 time per two weeks with liquid potash fertilizers for flowering plants or usual in a concentration of 1/2 of that indicated on the package.
Cultivation : In the spring, shanks at soil heating and with use of phytohormones.
Transplant : Once every couple or three years in the spring.
Pests : Affected by spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven over with spiderwebs), scutes (brown leaves on leaves and stalks that leave sticky secretions), thrips (dots appear on grayish leaves), aphids (sticky secretions form on the tips of shoots, buds).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution is recommended.
gardenia - gardenia