gardenia / gardenia
Refers to the family of madder. Fatherland - China, India, Africa.
General description : Usually in the room conditions the species Gardenia jasminoides is cultivated (Gardenia jasmine). This is a bush near 50 cm high. It has bright green broadly lanceolate leaves up to 10 cm long. Snow-white flowers are very beautiful, with a flattering smell, terry or semi-double, solitary or collected in the scutium inflorescence. Blossoms in the summer-autumn period.
Gardenia is whimsical, they need to provide stable and error-free care.
Recommendations for the care of the Gardenia plant:
Illumination : Photophilous, but in the summer does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during the growth period, moderate in winter. To water with warm soft water. He does not adore in any way the overflow, nor the drying out of the earth.
Humidity : At what time the plant does not bloom, it is sprayed daily and regularly washed with cool water. During the flowering period, in order not to spoil the flowers, the humidity of the atmosphere is maintained by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or claydite, which is continuously moistened.
Temperature regime : Moderate in the warm season (not above 25 ° C.). In winter it is optimal 16-18 ° C. Guzmania does not like drafts and sudden temperature changes.
Soil : Proper benign drainage is required. Acidity of pH 4.5 - 5.5 should be maintained by checking with litmus paper. When a snow-white plaque appears on the surface of the soil, the top layer needs to be replaced, and iron-containing preparations should be added several times a season.
Recommended soil mixture: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of leaf land, 1 share of peat, 1 share of softwood and 1 share of sand. A mishmash for azaleas will do.
During the growth period, one needs to fertilize once every two weeks with liquid potassium fertilizers for flowering plants or usual at a concentration of 1/2 of that indicated on the package.
Breeding : In spring, cuttings with soil heating and using phytohormones.
Transfer : Once a couple of years in the spring.
Pests : Spoiled by a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), scabbards (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky excretions), thrips (gray spots appear on the leaves), aphids (form sticky excretions on shoot tips, buds).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution and a warm wash.
In case of severe damage, spraying with an insecticide solution is recommended.
gardenia - gardenia