Where to go for mushrooms, tips from experienced
I’m going to go mushrooming on weekends, but I haven’t decided to go anywhere ... On the Internet there are no interesting articles with addresses and appearances. We have consolidated mushroom spots in Ukraine in one article. Maybe someone else will come in handy!
Kiev region is not the mushroom place of Ukraine - most of it is still occupied by the steppes. However, north of the capital begins Polesie, known for its forest wealth, there are forests in the south. Conventionally, mushroom places in the Kiev region can be divided into four regions: the northern (towards Chernobyl, but only to the exclusion zone!), Southern (behind the White Church), western (in the Fastov direction) and eastern (in the region of the Kanevsky reservoir). Which place to choose, you decide: forests in the Kiev region - for every taste: from marshy deciduous to dry pine. Have a nice quiet hunt!
Northern region: Borodyanka - Vyshgorod - Ivankov
Forests around the villages: Babiny, Zdvizhevka, Klavdievo, Katyuzhanka, Pirnovo, Sukholuchye, Yasnogorodka, Komarovka, Mircea, Dymer. This is Polesie, here in autumn it is full of mushrooms and berries, mainly blueberries. Be sure to bring a compass with you, the forests here are real, multi-mile. True, there are a lot of villages around, so you really can’t get lost with all desire.
What mushrooms: porcini , openings, Polish, mushrooms, traps, boletus, russula, chanterelles.
Getting there: - By train to Borodyanka from Svyatoshin railway station. Departure time: 4.15, 5.45, 6.15, 6.49, 7.29, 7.52, 8.17, 8.54, 9.21, 10.21, 12.25, 14.18 and further with an interval of 30-40 minutes; - By bus to Borodyanka from the Dachnaya bus station (142 Pobedy Ave., tel. 424-15-03). Departure time: 10.15, 14.15, 18.15. - minibuses from the station. m. "Nyvky" and Art. m. "Svyatoshin" (departure as filling); - By bus to Ivankov from the Polesie bus station (Shevchenko square, tel. 430-35-54).
Departure time: 7.30, 8.30, 8.50, 10.00, 11.15, 11.40, 12.00, 13.30, 14.20 and further with an interval of 1 hour.
Fare: bus - 5-8 UAH., Train - 3-5 UAH.
Western area: Vasilkov - Fastov
Forests around the villages: Dmitrovka, Veprik, hazing, Doroginka, Yaroshovka. Convenient places for those who do not like long trips. It’s only 40 minutes to go to Vasilkov. The forests here are not very large, but rich in mushrooms. The disadvantage of this mushroom area is that competitor mushroom pickers are massively traveling here. Therefore, after a rain on Thursday, you should wake up early and run to the railway station. Otherwise, you can be late and return home without brains. The places are good, the air is clean and there are a lot of different berries, so you should like it.
What mushrooms: oily, boletus, boletus, white, mushrooms.
How to get there: - By train to Vasilkov and Fastov from the suburban railway station "Kiev-Passenger". Departure time: 5.02, 5.49, 6.00, 6.58, 7.41, 8.20, 9.03, 10.11, 10.29, 10.40, 12.15, 12.29, 13.11, 13.26, 14.04 onwards with an interval of 30-40 minutes; - By bus to Vasilkov from the Vladimirskaya bus station (25 Vladimir-Lybidskaya St., tel. 269-72-93). Departure time: 8.25, 9.25, 11.00, 12.10, 14.25, 15.30, 18.10, 19.00; - By bus to Fastov from the Dachnaya bus station (142 Pobedy Ave., tel. 424-15-03).
Departure time: 8.10, 9.40, 10.20, 12.25, 15.30, 17.30, 18.00.
Fare: bus - 5-8 UAH., Train - 3-5 UAH.
Eastern region: Boryspil - Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky
Forests around the villages: Staroe, Kiilov, Borispol Dachi, Khotsky. It’s far from Kiev: it takes about two hours to go. But you will be amazed by the beauty of these places and the richness of forests. It is full of mushrooms and berries, because the soil in the forests that go directly to the Dnieper is swampy and greasy. Going here, do not forget to grab the boots, as well as the mosquito repellent - they are intimidating and eat everything that moves.
What mushrooms: ceps, saffron mushrooms, honey mushrooms, chanterelles, redheads.
Getting there: - By bus to Pereyaslav-Khmelnitsky from the Darnitsa bus station (1 Gagarina Ave., tel. 559-46-18).
Departure time: 7.10, 7.45, 8.30, 9.00, 9.35, 10.00, 10.50, 11.30, 11.40, 11.45, 12.25, 12.30, 12.35 and further with an interval of 30 minutes.
Fare: 9 UAH.
Southern region: Rakitnoye - Tarashcha - Boguslav
Forests around the villages: Pugachovka, Cirdany, Maloberezanskoe, Dmitrenki, Potashnya. Far from the passing beam - it will take about three hours to get there. Forests here are mixed with steppes - you will not get lost. These are mushroom and quite popular places for quiet hunting, so you should go immediately after the rains, otherwise your competitors will get ahead. The beauties here are amazing: the forest, hills, steppes and the Ros River, on the banks of which you can have an excellent picnic.
What mushrooms: chanterelles, russula, butterfish, white.
How to get there: - By bus to Rakitnoy from the Podol bus station (15a Nizhniy Val St., tel. 417-32-15).
Departure time: Saturday - 8.50, 9.30, weekdays - 13.30, daily - 17.05. An alternative is to get to Bila Tserkva (by bus from the Yuzhnaya bus station, departing every 40-50 minutes) and transfer by train to Rakitnoye and Boguslav; - By bus to Rakitnoy from the Vladimirskaya bus station (25 Vladimir-Lybidskaya St., tel. 269-72-93). Departure time: 10.35, 15.35; - By bus to Tarashcha from the Vladimirskaya bus station. Departure time: 9.15, 12.55, 16.20, 19.45; - By bus to Boguslav from the Podil bus station. Departure time: 10.10, 13.50, 15.20, 17.30, 19.05.
Fare: 9-10 UAH.
What to bring with you when you go to the forest
- The ideal container for mushrooms is a wicker basket, for berries - a basket of shingles.
- Compass and preferably a map of the area.
- Mushroom knife. It is better to cut the mushroom under the root, but if you forget the knife, you can carefully turn it out of the mycelium.
- Waterproof shoes, replaceable warm socks.
- Food, matches (do not burn the forest!).
- Mosquito repellent.
- Locate a meter stick in place. With its help, it is easier to look for mushrooms hidden under leaves, needles and moss.
- Collect only those mushrooms that you know for sure that they are edible . Lamellar mushrooms, especially Russula, try to cut with a leg to make sure that it does not have a membranous ring. Remember that among edible lamellar mushrooms, only openings, champignons and variegated fungi have such a ring.
- It is better to collect spongy mushrooms , such as porcini , - in our latitudes it is difficult to poison them.
- When cutting mushrooms, pay attention to the color of the plates - it should be from pink-white to brown-brown, but in no case white.
- Pick mushrooms in the morning . At this time, they are fresh, strong and better preserved.
- Transport russules and breasts separately from other mushrooms: they are especially fragile.
- Upon arrival home, immediately process your crop. Otherwise, in the morning you will have to throw out most of it.
- Do not eat raw mushrooms.
- Discard old, wormy and suspicious ones before cooking. Rinse thoroughly. Regardless of what you cook, boil the mushrooms in salted water for 10-15 minutes.
Mushroom picker makes mistakes only once! According to the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, in the current year, as of May 23, 2016, 4 cases of mushroom poisoning were registered in the Kiev region - in Brovarsky (1 issue), Boryspil (1 issue) and Vasilkovsky (2 issue) Regions, of these, three cases among children in May of this year. An analysis of recorded cases of mushroom poisoning in Ukraine indicates that most of them are caused by the use of lamellar poisonous mushrooms (primarily pale grebe), which are mistaken for edible mushrooms and russula. They are also poisoned with fly agarics, false openings, raincoats and champignons. But most of the tragedies, told the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, are associated with ignorance of the rules for collecting, storing and cooking mushrooms.
And as of September 5, 2005, 191 cases of poisoning by inedible mushrooms were registered in Ukraine (39 children were injured), 17 people died (of which six children). It is interesting that during the same period of 2004 there were almost four times more poisoners: 497 cases, 75 people died! The Kiev region in terms of the number of poisonings occupies one of the last places in the country (7 poisoners have been registered to date), but the neighboring Sumy has taken leading roles from year to year: this year about 30 people have been poisoned there.
- if you feel unwell, immediately consult a doctor, and before he arrives, rinse your stomach with a weak saline solution;
- children under nine years of age are contraindicated;
- mushrooms bought in a store or in stationary markets cannot be poisonous;
- almost every edible mushroom has a poisonous double, and there are much more inedible mushrooms in nature than edible ones!
By the way
In the forests of the Kiev region snakes, especially vipers, are increasingly found. This is due primarily to warming: creeping slowly creep north.
In order not to become a victim of a viper, put on sturdy, preferably leather shoes. Always walk with a stick through the woods to ward off the snake at the right moment. Look at both!
Vipers are dark gray and almost black in color, from a half meter to a meter long. If the snake on the top of the head has two yellow spots, then it’s before you. Do not offend him, he is not poisonous and will not bring harm to you. If the snake is brown or dirty yellow, then this is not a snake, but a legless lizard snake. She is safe too.
Well, of course, beware of wild animals. In the forests you can inadvertently meet an elk or a wild boar. When you see the moose, stand still a little and calmly retire. Remember, sudden movements are not recommended! And run into a boar or a sow, climb a tree faster and get comfortable. If you did not like the wild pigs, you will have to sit in the company of squirrels for a long time. True, there is a plus - you can see the program “In the world of animals” in Kiev from the first row.
If you know at least a drop of something new about mushrooms, please write about it in the comments below . We are very grateful to you.