Mini-kitchen in the apartment: how to grow vegetables, greens fruit at home
Vegetables, greens, fruit! All this can be grown on a balcony or a window sill and all year round there are fresh, eco-friendly, and most importantly, free of charge. Right now, we'll tell you how to break a mini-garden in a city apartment.
In the West, if the product is labeled eco, bio or organic, this means two things. First, these products are grown, collected and processed in accordance with environmental standards, that is, without pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, growth stimulants and other "mucks". They were certified, and serious organizations guaranteed their quality. Secondly, bioproducts are much more expensive than conventional ones.
But the villas and relatives in the village is not at all. What to do to the children of the urban, accustomed to seeing the potatoes washed and in the nets, and the greens - in vacuum packs? Grow vegetables and fruits directly on the balcony or windowsill.
6 reasons to build a mini-kitchen house
- You can pamper yourself with fresh, full of vitamins and vegetables all year round
- Saving. Vegetables and fruits are expensive, especially in winter. With the home garden will no longer have to adjust for the season (tomatoes eat plenty only in July, and apples in September)
- You yourself can grow a plant from a tiny seed, you can collect fruits. This is a creative activity, charging with positive energy
- You can improve your knowledge of biology, gain useful skills and acquire an exciting hobby
- Your children will see how tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables grow, and they will realize that they do not materialize miraculously in the refrigerator, their cultivation is a serious work
- You can surprise friends and acquaintances. Imagine how you will brag about the harvest, showing window "beds". ;
What you need to grow vegetables and greens at home
- A place. Usually it is a window sill or a balcony. It is better if they go to the sunny side. If not, you will need lamps for additional lighting. If necessary, the sill can be expanded or built racks for "beds" (the minimum distance between the shelves is 50 cm)
- Containers. Plots for the home garden can serve as clay or plastic pots, wooden boxes. The main thing is that there are holes in the bottom for draining the water. We recommend containers on pallets
- Priming. There are many soil mixtures for indoor vegetable gardens. As a rule, several layers are made: peat, compost, turf. You can prepare the soil yourself, but you can buy in a specialized store
- Seeds. Some varieties of tomatoes or cucumbers grow well at home, while others do not even grow. Therefore, before you do room gardening, you need to sit on forums, read articles on the Internet and find out which seeds to buy
In addition, you may need fertilizers, fertilizing, a thermometer and a vessel for settling water (house plants are watered at room temperature, which is chlorine-free).
Green onions, leeks, shallots and fennel
To grow these irreplaceable in the cooking plants you can use either the bottom with roots (the white lower part, which we usually cut and discard) or the whole bulb. To do this, put them in a glass jar with a small amount of water and put on a window sill, where the onion will receive the sunlight it needs. After a while, the first feathers appear, which, as you grow, can be cut and added to food. Thus, you will always have fresh greens at hand - the main thing do not forget to add water to the jar once a week.
Aromatic citrus seasoning tsimbopogon or lemon sorghum - in fact, a perennial herb, so it should grow, like any other herb. Using the stem, do not throw away the spine - place it in a jar of water and put it on the light. In a week, the cymbopogon will give shoots, and it must be transplanted into the ground, for example, in flower pots. When the stem of the sorghum grows to about 30 cm in length, it can be cut and dried.
Celery, bok choy, romaine salad and cabbage
These vegetables can be grown from the remains of their solid thickened stems. To do this, in a shallow cup you need to pour water and place a stump down into it. Celery, bok choy, romaine and cabbage are very hygrophilous, so do not forget to pour water on them. In a few days you will notice that there will be roots and new leaves, and a week later the plants can be planted in the soil.
To grow ginger at home, you will need a piece of fresh and smooth ginger root with a pair of three live kidneys. If the root is too dry, you can hold it a little in warm water. To plant ginger it is necessary in a pot or box with earth kidneys up. The ideal conditions for this plant are a warm, moist, bright place, but without direct sunlight. In addition to the fact that ginger is delicious and healthy, it is also beautiful (it reminds of reed), so it can be grown even for decorative purposes.
Many people from the phrase "plant potatoes" just juggle - easier to buy than the whole summer to go to the country and "humpback" in the garden. And in vain, because this vegetable can be grown directly at home. To do this you will need one small potato with "eyes". It must be cut into several parts and left for a couple of days at room temperature, so that it is dry and not rotten in the ground after planting. Planting potatoes is recommended in well-fertilized soil. In doing so, it must be buried to a depth of at least 20 cm, so take care that the dishes for planting are large enough and deep.
To grow garlic is very simple: take one or two cloves with roots and stick them into the ground in a warm light spot. When the root system is strengthened, garlic will give the first shoots. They need to be pruned in a timely manner so that they do not take away the "energy" and do not interfere with the formation of the bulb.
Strangely enough, at home it is quite easy to get a harvest of "tear" onions: take the bulb, cut the bottom with roots and plant it in moist soil. Bow loves the sun, so choose a place for him warmer.
The rules for planting and growing sweet potatoes are almost the same as usual. Take the tuber and send it to the moist soil. After a week, sweet potatoes will rise, and when the leaves reach 10 cm, they can be cut, and next, at a distance of 25-30 cm, plant another plant. Just make sure that slugs do not get slugs - they are very fond of sweet potato. And then in 4 months you will have a juicy sweet potato.
Mushrooms are difficult to grow at home, because they need special conditions - high humidity, special temperature, ventilation and lighting. Mushrooms multiply by spores, so for their planting, a so-called mycelium is needed, that is sprouted fungal spores. The mycelium is placed in a substrate (a mixture of oats, millet, rye, barley and other cereals), where it takes the form of thin white filaments, from which later mushrooms grow. Attention: for successful growth, fungi need 95% moisture and a temperature of no more than 20 ° C, in addition, during ripening the mushrooms throw into the air a strong allergen, so experts do not recommend growing mushrooms in an apartment. Ideal option - a site near the house or, in extreme cases, a balcony.
But to turn your house into a tropical "islet", on the contrary, is quite simple. It is enough to cut off the top with the leaves (do not forget to clean the flesh, otherwise the plant will rot) and put it in a glass with water. Soon, rosettes will appear on the rosette, which means that the pineapple is ready for planting. Remove a few lower leaves and plug the rosette into the ground by about 2-3 centimeters. This fruit is quite unpretentious - it easily tolerates direct sunlight and heat. The main thing - do not forget to water regularly. After 1-2 months on the pineapple will appear young sprouts - this means that the stem has taken root, and in a couple of years you can harvest the first crop.
- Grade: "Amsterdam"
- Temperature: 15 to 25 ° C
- Harvest: in ~ 70 days
To grow a house you need to take miniature varieties of carrots. You can plant in boxes, pots or just cut plastic bottles with holes in the bottom. The soil should be drained.
Seeds are placed in the ground to a depth of about 7 cm. When the carrot rises and sprouts a few centimeters, it must be thinned, leaving the strongest sprouts at a distance of about 2 cm from each other. It is not recommended to keep the beds under direct sunlight.
To water carrots at home, you need often, but you need to make sure that there is not too much moisture, otherwise the root will rot. From time to time, you can feed fertilizers with a low nitrogen content (if there are many, all growth will go to the tops). It is also very useful to loosen the soil occasionally.
- Variety: "Treasure Island", "dwarf", "watercolor", "swallow" and others.
- Temperature: 25 to 27 ° C
- Harvest: in 100-130 days
For cultivation of pepper in an apartment it is recommended to use a special soil, enriched with microelements. It is sold in stores for truck farmers. The primer can be supplemented with hydrogels for greater looseness.
Seeds are first planted in small pots that cover with food film and put in a warm place. When the first shoots appear (after one or two weeks), several small punctures should be made in the film. After a while the pepper will get stronger, then it can be transplanted into large pots or buckets. Do this carefully so as not to damage the spine. Root the plant a third, then watered with warm (30? C) water.
In the future, peppers can be watered every day. This plant loves light, therefore, in addition to natural light, lamps with a white spectrum are recommended. It is necessary to protect home-made pepper from drafts and direct sunlight.
You can fertilize with nitrogen fertilizers, but potassium salt and potassium chloride will ruin the roots of the plant. With proper care, pepper on the windowsill can bring fruits to two years.
- Variety: "pygmy", "bonsai", "bead" and others.
- Temperature: 23 to 25 ° C.
- Harvest: 90-100 days (depending on the variety).
Grunt, as in the case of pepper, it is more convenient to buy ready. The capacity is recommended to take cylindrical: it is better filled with the root system.
First, the seeds are germinated in small pots: buried at a depth of 1.5 cm, covered with food film and left in a warm place until the first shoots. When the tomatoes have risen, they are dived into a larger and deeper dish.
It is important that the plant receives uniform lighting. To do this, over the "beds" you can hang fluorescent lights or regularly turn the containers to the window.
Water should be carefully: the cherry is easy to fill. When the plant grows, it is recommended that the soil is loosened from time to time and fed with mineral fertilizers. If necessary, the trunk of tomato can be tied to a support (a wooden skewer or pencil). It is also important to ensure that pests do not appear on tomatoes.
By the way, in the home gardens are grown not only cherry, but also ordinary tomatoes.
- Variety: "room Rytov", "a miracle on the window", "ant" and others.
- Temperature: from 21 to 24 ° C.
- Harvest: in 35-45 days.
For cucumbers you need a fairly large container, volume of at least 6 liters. The soil must be loose, with peat or compost.
At home, self-pollinating varieties of cucumbers grow well. First you need to prepare the seeds: they are poured into a weak saline solution, those that surfaced are thrown away. Then, the suitable seeds are soaked for 20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate, then washed on a wet gauze and planted in the soil (under the film). When the seedlings will rise and grow, it can be seated in large containers.
Pour home cucumbers with warm water every day, but with caution. The leaves can also be sprayed with a spray gun. As a top dressing is recommended potassium nitrate.
When the cucumber strings are formed and grow, for them, one should build up props so that the plant can drag along.
- Variety: "Carmen", "White Fang", "Celeste F1" and others.
- Temperature: 18 to 20 ° C.
- Harvest: after ~ 40 days.
Radishes are recommended to be planted in wooden or clay containers, but you can use ordinary plastic cups. Need a loose, well drained soil. Seeds before planting can be tested for germination, like cucumbers. After that they need to be buried to a depth of 1-3 cm.
After planting, the soil should be poured and covered with a film. When there are shoots, the "greenhouse" is cleaned. Radish, as a rule, do not dive. But sometimes put it for two or three days in a lower temperature regime - about 15 ° C. This tempers the plant and promotes a better crop.
Five days after the appearance of the first shoots, organic fertilizing is carried out, and after two weeks - mineral fertilization. The radish is watered abundantly as it dries. It is also important that the air in the room where it grows is not dry.
- Variety: "virofle", "godri", "gigantic" and others.
- Temperature: 15 ° С.
- Harvest: after ~ 40 days.
Spinach refers to vegetable greens and is considered very useful. To grow it at home, you need containers with a height of 15-20 cm. You can use ready-made soil mixtures. The main thing is that they include peat.
Seeds should be soaked in water for a day before planting. Sowing is carried out at a depth of 1-2 cm. To accelerate germination, it is possible to cover the containers with a film. Spinach emerges about a week after planting, then it can be dived.
In winter, when the heating works in the apartment and when there is a short light day, it is recommended to illuminate the plant with lamps and spray from the spray gun (in addition to watering).
Harvest can be harvested when spinach reaches 7-10 cm in height.
- Variety: "marquis", "lemon", "Baku" and others.
- Temperature: 22 to 24 ° C.
- Harvest: in 50-55 days.
Basil is one of the most flavorful and favorite condiments of the hostess. At the same time he is quite unpretentious and grows great on the windowsill.
Plant basil immediately in large containers (volume of at least 1.5 liters). First, you need to prepare the soil for planting: twice watered with mineral fertilizers with an interval of five days. Seeds are deepened by 1-1.5 cm. As long as the plant does not ascend, it must be watered every two days. Further watering is carried out daily, preferably in the mornings.
Basil loves the sun. Therefore, it is recommended to extend the insolation period to 15-17 hours per day with fluorescent lamps. Also, every two weeks you can loosen the soil to enrich it with oxygen.
- Variety: Kharkov, Jubilee and others.
- Temperature: 18 to 25 ° C.
- Harvest: in 15-20 days.
As a rule, garlic bulbs are used in cooking. But the green shoots (arrows) are also suitable for gastronomy: they are suitable for preparation of marinades and sauces.
Varieties of garlic are divided into two groups: winter and spring. The latter usually do not give arrows, so they are not suitable for growing at home.
Those who have ever grown onions on a windowsill will not be able to cope with garlic easily. It is necessary to take cloves of garlic of winter variety, it is desirable that they should be sprouted sprouts. Soil mixture can be taken any. Each tooth is planted at a depth of 2-3 cm and 1-2 cm apart. Having planted, it is necessary to water.
The container with garlic should be kept on the most lit window in the house. Water as the soil dries up. From time to time, you can feed nitrogenous fertilizers.
- Variety: from 20 to 25 ° C.
- Temperature: after ~ 60 days.
Peppermint has a rather branched root system, so for its plantation it is necessary to take a deep and wide capacity. The soil is recommended to use peat, varieties - any.
There are two ways to plant mint: seeds and cuttings. The latter is shown in the video below.
To grow peppermint from seeds, you need to put them in the ground to a depth of about 5 mm and water. To create a greenhouse effect, you can use a film. Before emergence (about two weeks), the ground should be sprinkled with water every day. After germination, mint must be seeded.
Mint is unpretentious. In summer it should be protected from direct sunlight, and in winter from lack of light and excessive watering. From time to time, the plant can be fed with organic mixtures.
Adult plants can reach a meter in height. As a rule, they have a lot of leaves - tea mint or house mojito will be almost always.
- Variety: "autumn fun", "home delicacy", "garland" and others.
- Temperature: 18 to 20 ° C.
- Harvest: after ~ 30 days.
For the home garden fit ampellant remontant varieties of strawberries. They bear fruit all year round and are not too demanding for light. Plant strawberries can be in any zemlesmes. But before the bottom should be poured drainage (expanded clay, fine pebbles) to protect the strawberries from stagnation of water
Strawberries can be grown from seedlings or seeds. Both are sold in shops for truck farmers.
Seeds are planted in small containers (for example, plastic cups), abundantly watered and covered with food film. After the appearance of the first shoots, the film is removed and put the seedlings in a well-lit place. When three or four leaves are formed, the strawberries are dived into larger containers.
This plant loves light. When the days are shorter than the nights, you should use an artificial light. Watering and sprinkling are carried out as the soil dries up. Strawberries are easy to fill.
As a top dressing solutions with a substantial iron content are used. During active growth, the strawberry grows mustaches, they need to be tied to supports.
As you can see, growing vegetables, greens and even berries in a city apartment is easy and even fascinating.
If you have a home gardening experience, tell us about it. Write in the comments about what and how you managed to grow on your windowsill.
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