Mini-garden in the apartment: how to grow vegetables, greens, fruits at home
Vegetables, greens, fruits! All this can be grown on a balcony or windowsill and there are fresh, eco-friendly, and most importantly, free of charge throughout the year. Right now we will tell you how to break a mini-garden in a city apartment.
In the West, if the product is labeled eco, bio or organic, it means two things. First, these products are grown, harvested and processed in accordance with environmental standards, that is, without pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, growth promoters and other "nastiness". They have been certified, and serious organizations have guaranteed their quality. Secondly, organic food is much more expensive than usual.
But not everyone has cottages and relatives in the village. What should the children of Urban do when they are accustomed to seeing potatoes washed and in nets, and the greens in vacuum packages? Grow vegetables and fruits right on the balcony or windowsill.
6 reasons to arrange a mini-garden at home
- You can pamper yourself with fresh, full of vitamins, vegetables and herbs all year round.
- Saving. Vegetables and fruits are expensive, especially in winter. With a home garden, you no longer have to adapt to the season (we eat plenty of tomatoes only in July, and apples - in September)
- You yourself can grow a plant from a tiny seed, you can pick fruits. This is a creative activity that charges with positive energy.
- You can improve your knowledge of biology, gain useful skills and acquire an exciting hobby
- Your children will see how tomatoes, cucumbers and other vegetables grow, and understand that they do not miraculously materialize in the refrigerator, their cultivation is a serious work
- You can surprise friends and acquaintances. Imagine how you will brag about the crop, showing the window "beds". ;
What you need to grow vegetables and herbs at home
- A place. This is usually a window sill or balcony. It is better if they go to the sunny side. If not, lamps will be required for additional lighting. If necessary, the window sill can expand or build racks for "beds" (the minimum distance between the shelves - 50 cm)
- Capacities The beds for the home garden can be clay or plastic pots, wooden boxes. The main thing is to have holes in the bottom for draining the water. Tanks recommended to put on pallets
- Priming. There are many soil mixtures for indoor gardens. As a rule, they make several layers: peat, compost, turf. You can prepare the soil yourself, and you can buy in a specialty store
- Seeds. Some varieties of tomatoes or cucumbers grow well at home, while others do not even sprout. Therefore, before going to the room gardening, you need to sit on the forums, read articles on the Internet and find out which seeds to buy
In addition, you may need fertilizer, fertilizer, a thermometer and a vessel for settling water (house plants are watered with water at room temperature, separated from chlorine).
Spring onions, leeks, shallots and fennel
To grow these indispensable in cooking plants, you can use either a bottom with roots (the white bottom, which we usually cut and throw away) or the whole bulb. To do this, put them in a glass jar with a small amount of water and put it on the windowsill; there the onion will receive the sunlight it needs. After some time, the first feathers will appear, which, as they grow, can be cut off and added to food. Thus, you will always have fresh greens on hand - the main thing is not to forget to add water to the jar once a week.
Aromatic citrus seasoning cymbopogon or lemongrass is essentially a perennial herb, so it should be grown like any other herb. Using the stem, do not throw away the spine - put it in a jar of water and put on the light. In a week, cymbopogon will sprout, and it must be transplanted into the ground, for example, in a flower pot. When the stalk of sorghum grows in length to about 30 cm, it can be cut and dried.
Celery, bok choy, romaine lettuce and cabbage
These vegetables can be grown from the remnants of their solid, thickened stems. To do this, pour water into a shallow cup and place the stalk in it with its roots down. Celery, bok choy, romaine and cabbage are very moisture-loving, so do not forget to add water to them. A few days later you will notice that there will be roots and new leaves, and a week later you can plant the plants in the ground.
To grow ginger at home, you need a slice of fresh and smooth ginger root with a couple of live buds. If the root is too dry, you can hold it a bit in warm water. Plant ginger should be in a pot or a box of kidney ground up. Ideal conditions for this plant - a warm, humid, bright place, but without direct sunlight. In addition to the fact that ginger is tasty and healthy, it is also beautiful (something like a reed), so it can be grown even for decorative purposes.
Many citizens from the phrase "plant potatoes" just juggles - it's easier to buy than to go to the country all summer and "humped" in the garden. And in vain, because this vegetable can be grown right at home. To do this you need one small potato with "eyes". It must be cut into several pieces and left at room temperature for a couple of days so that it dries out and does not rot in the ground after planting. It is recommended to plant potatoes in well-fertilized soil. At the same time it must be buried to a depth of not less than 20 cm, so make sure that the dishes for planting are sufficiently large and deep.
Growing garlic is very simple: take one or two cloves with roots and stick them into the ground in a warm, bright place. When the root system is strengthened, garlic will give the first shoots. They need to be cut in time so that they do not take away the “energy” and do not prevent the bulb from forming.
Strangely enough, at home it is quite easy to get a crop of “tear” onions: take an onion, cut the bottom with roots and plant it in damp soil. Bow loves the sun, so choose a warmer place for him.
The rules for planting and growing sweet potatoes are almost the same as usual. Take the tuber and send it to wet soil. In a week, the sweet potato will come up, and when the leaves reach 10 cm, they can be cut, and another plant should be planted next to it at a distance of 25-30 cm. Just make sure that the slugs do not start on the lashes - they are very fond of yam. And then after 4 months you will have juicy sweet potatoes.
Mushrooms are difficult to grow at home, as they need special conditions - high humidity, special temperatures, ventilation and lighting. The fungus multiplies by spores, so the so-called mycelium, that is, germinating fungal spores, is necessary for their planting. The mycelium is placed in a substrate (a mixture of oats, millet, rye, barley, and other cereals), where it takes the form of thin white filaments, from which fungi later grow. Attention: for successful growth, the mushrooms need 95% humidity and a temperature of no more than 20? С; in addition, during maturation, the mushrooms emit a strong allergen into the air, therefore experts do not recommend growing mushrooms in an apartment. Ideal - a plot near the house or, in extreme cases, a balcony.
But to turn your home into a tropical "island", on the contrary, is quite simple. It is enough to cut the top with leaves (do not forget to clean the flesh, otherwise the plant will rot) and place it in a glass with water. Soon roots will appear on the outlet, which means that the pineapple is ready for planting. Remove a few lower leaves and stick the socket into the ground for about 2-3 centimeters. This fruit is quite unpretentious - easily tolerates direct sunlight and heat. The main thing - do not forget to regularly water. After 1-2 months, young sprouts will appear on the pineapple - this means that the cutting took root, and after a couple of years you can harvest the first crop.
- Grade: "Amsterdam"
- Temperature: 15 to 25 ° С
- Harvest: in ~ 70 days
To grow a house you need to take miniature varieties of carrots. You can plant in boxes, pots, or simply cut plastic bottles with holes in the bottom. The soil should be taken drainage.
Seeds are placed in the ground to a depth of about 7 cm. When the carrot rises and sprouts a few centimeters, it needs to be thinned out, leaving the strongest sprouts at a distance of about 2 cm from each other. It is not recommended to keep the beds in direct sunlight.
Watering carrots at home is often necessary, but care must be taken that there is not too much moisture, otherwise the root crop will rot. From time to time you can feed with fertilizers with a low nitrogen content (if there is a lot of it, all growth will go to the tops). It is also very useful to loosen the soil sometimes.
- Variety: “treasure island”, “dwarf”, “watercolor”, “swallow” and others.
- Temperature: 25 to 27 ° С
- Harvest: in 100–130 days
For growing peppers in an apartment, it is recommended to use a special soil enriched with microelements. It is sold in stores for gardeners. Soil can be supplemented with hydrogels for greater looseness.
Seeds are first planted in small pots, which are covered with food film and put in a warm place. When the first shoots appear (after one or two weeks), several small punctures should be made in the film. After some time, the pepper will get stronger, then it can be transplanted into large pots or buckets. This should be done carefully so as not to damage the spine. Root the plant by a third, then watered with warm (30? C) water.
Later pepper can be watered every day. This plant loves light, so in addition to natural light, lamps with a white spectrum are recommended. It is necessary to protect homegrown peppers from drafts and direct sunlight.
You can fertilize with nitrogen fertilizers, but the potassium salt and potassium chloride will destroy the roots of the plant. With proper care, the pepper on the windowsill can delight fruits up to two years.
- Variety: "pygmy", "bonsai", "bead" and others.
- Temperature: from 23 to 25 ° C.
- Harvest: in 90–100 days (depending on the variety).
Soil, as is the case with pepper, it is more convenient to buy ready. Capacity is recommended to take a cylindrical: it is better filled with the root system.
First, the seeds are germinated in small pots: they are buried to a depth of 1.5 cm, covered with food film and left in a warm place until the first shoots. When the tomatoes have risen, they dive into a larger and deeper dish.
It is important that the plant receive uniform coverage. To do this, you can hang fluorescent lamps above the “beds” or regularly turn containers to the window.
Water carefully: it is easy to pour the cherry. When the plant grows, the soil is recommended from time to time to loosen and feed with mineral fertilizers. If necessary, the trunk of a tomato can be tied to a support (wooden skewer or pencil). It is also important to ensure that no pests appear on the tomatoes.
By the way, not only cherry trees, but also ordinary tomatoes grow beautifully in home gardens.
- Variety: "room Rytov", "a miracle on the window", "ant" and others.
- Temperature: from 21 to 24 ° C.
- Harvest: in 35–45 days.
For cucumbers need a fairly large capacity of not less than 6 liters. The soil should be loose, with peat or compost.
At home, self-pollinating varieties of cucumbers grow well. First you need to prepare the seeds: they are poured into a weak brine, those that surfaced, are thrown away. Then suitable seeds are soaked for 20 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate, then washed on a wet gauze and planted in the ground (under the film). When the seedlings rise and grow up, it can be planted in large containers.
House cucumbers are poured with warm water every day, but with caution. Leaves can also be sprayed with a spray gun. Potassium nitrate is recommended as top dressing.
When the lash of cucumbers will form and grow, props must be built for them so that the plant can weave.
- Variety: "Carmen", "White Fang", "Celesta F1" and others.
- Temperature: from 18 to 20 ° C.
- Harvest: in ~ 40 days.
Radishes are recommended to be planted in wooden or clay containers, but you can also use ordinary plastic cups. Need a loose, well-drained soil. Seeds before planting can be checked for germination, like cucumbers. Then they need to be buried to a depth of 1-3 cm.
After planting, the ground must be watered and covered with a film. When shoots appear, the "greenhouse" is removed. Radishes, as a rule, do not dive. But sometimes they put it for two or three days at a lower temperature, about 15 ° C. It hardens the plant and contributes to a better yield.
Five days after the appearance of the first shoots, organic dressing is carried out, and two weeks later - mineral. Water radish abundantly as it dries. It is also important that the air in the room where it grows is not dry.
- Variety: “Virofle”, “Godri”, “Giant” and others.
- Temperature: 15 ° C.
- Harvest: in ~ 40 days.
Spinach belongs to vegetable greens and is considered very useful. To grow it at home, you need containers 15–20 cm tall. You can use ready-made soil mixtures. The main thing is that they include peat.
Seeds before planting is recommended to soak in water for a day. Sowing is carried out at a depth of 1–2 cm. To accelerate germination, you can cover the containers with film. Spinach rises about a week after planting, then you can dive.
In winter, when heating is in the apartment and when the day is short, it is recommended to highlight the plant with lamps and spray it with a spray bottle (in addition to watering).
Harvest can be harvested when the spinach reaches 7-10 cm in height.
- Variety: "Marquis", "lemon", "Baku" and others.
- Temperature: 22 to 24 ° C.
- Harvest: in 50–55 days.
Basil is one of the most fragrant and beloved seasoning mistresses. At the same time it is quite unpretentious and grows well on the windowsill.
Basil is planted immediately in large containers (with a volume of at least 1.5 liters). First, you need to prepare the soil for planting: water it twice with mineral fertilizers with an interval of five days. Seeds deepen by 1–1.5 cm. Until the plant rises, it must be watered every two days. Further watering is carried out daily, preferably in the morning.
Basil loves the sun. Therefore, it is recommended to prolong the insolation period to 15–17 hours per day using fluorescent lamps. Also, once every two weeks you can loosen the soil to enrich it with oxygen.
- Variety: "Kharkov", "anniversary" and others.
- Temperature: from 18 to 25 ° C.
- Harvest: in 15–20 days.
As a rule, garlic bulbs are used in cooking. But green shoots (arrows) are also suitable for gastronomy: they are suitable for making marinades and sauces.
Garlic varieties are divided into two groups: winter and spring. The latter usually do not give the shooter, so they are not suitable for growing at home.
Those who have ever grown onions on the windowsill, it will be easy to cope with garlic. It is necessary to take winter varieties of garlic cloves, preferably with sprouted shoots. Soil mixture can take any. Each clove is planted at a depth of 2–3 cm and at a distance of 1–2 cm from each other. Planting, it is necessary to water.
Garlic container should be kept on the lightest window in the house. Water as the soil dries. From time to time you can feed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers.
- Grade: from 20 to 25 ° C.
- Temperature: after ~ 60 days.
The mint has a fairly extensive root system, so for its planting should take a deep and wide capacity. The soil is recommended to use peat, varieties - any.
There are two ways of planting mint: seeds and cuttings. The latter is shown in the video below.
To grow mint from seeds, you need to plant them in the ground to a depth of about 5 mm and water. To create a greenhouse effect, you can use the film. Before the emergence of seedlings (after about two weeks), the ground should be sprayed with water every day. After sprouting, mint must be seated.
Mint unpretentious. In the summer, it should be protected from direct sunlight, and in the winter from a lack of light and excessive watering. From time to time, the plant can be fed organic mixtures.
Adult plants can reach a meter in height. As a rule, they have a lot of leaves - mint for tea or homemade mojito will be almost always.
- Variety: "autumn fun", "homemade delicacy", "garland" and others.
- Temperature: from 18 to 20 ° C.
- Harvest: in ~ 30 days.
For home garden fit strawberry remontantny varieties of strawberries. They bear fruit year-round and are not too demanding of light. You can plant strawberries in any ground mix. But before that, drainage (expanded clay, small pebbles) should be poured to the bottom to keep strawberries from stagnating water.
Strawberries can be grown from seedlings or seeds. Both that and another is on sale in shops for gardeners.
Seeds are planted in small containers (for example, plastic cups), plentifully watered and covered with food film. After the appearance of the first shoots, the film is removed and the seedlings are placed in a well-lit place. When three or four leaves are formed, strawberries dive into larger containers.
This plant loves light. When days are shorter than nights, artificial light should be used. Watering and spraying are carried out as the soil dries. Strawberries are easy to pour.
As a top-dressing, solutions with a substantial iron content are used. During the active growth of strawberries overgrown with whiskers, they need to be tied to supports.
As you can see, growing vegetables, herbs and even berries in a city apartment is easy and even exciting.
If you have experience in home gardening, tell us about it. Write in the comments what and how you managed to grow on your windowsill.
- Alphabetical list
- Plants for air drying / moistening
- Plants for air purification
- Plants as an alternative to air purifiers
- Plants for each room
- Dark corner plants
- Mini-garden in the apartment
- Jade "Money Tree"
- Grow ginger at home
- Grow pineapple at home
- Orchid reproduction
- Where to go for mushrooms
- The benefits of mushrooms
- Mushroom classification