guzmania / guzmania
Belongs to the bromeliad family. Fatherland - American jungle.
General description : The most frequently cultivated in room conditions is Guzmania lingulata (Guzmania reed). Its curved entire leaves reach 45 cm in length. Gusmania inflorescence is very spectacular. As if all bromeliads, it is located on a long peduncle, has bright red or orange bracts, in the center of which are a brush of small, whitish-yellow flowers. This variety grows fairly wide, so many choose the more compact form of Guzmania lingulata minor.
There are other species: Guzmania zahnii (Gusmaniya Zahn), which has leaves up to 70 cm long, Guzmania musaica (Musman gusmania) with variegated leaves.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Gusmania:
Illumination : Light-loving, but does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during the growth period (fill the rosette of leaves by 2/3 with water), in winter it is moderate (irrigation into the soil).
Humidity : Gusmania requires regular spraying and wiping the leaves with a damp soft cloth.
Temperature : Moderate in the warm season (not above 25 ° C.). In winter, the optimum is 15-20 ° C.
Soil : Requires benign drainage.
Recommended soil mix: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of leafy land, 1 share of peat, 1 share of humus and 1 share of sand. Suitable mash for orchids.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing 1 time per moon fertilizer for bromeliads or usual at a concentration of 1/4 of that indicated on the package.
Cultivation : the Side escapes having roots, seeds (to sow in the friable soil).
Transplant: Once a couple of years in the spring. The root system of the Husmania is superficial, so the pot is forced to be wide, but not deep at all.
Pests : Affected by spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are woven over with spiderwebs), shield-boards (brown plaques appear on leaves and stalks, leaving sticky secretions), powdery worms (covered with a snow-white vatoobrazny fuzz), aphids.
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Guzmania - Guzmania