Haworthia / Haworthia
Refers to the family of the lily. Fatherland - South Africa.
General description : Haworthia is a very popular and unpretentious succulent. It is distinguished by a beautiful basal rosette of stiff, fleshy narrow and long pointed leaves. Flower stalks are usually cut, as if flowers do not have any decorative value.
Usually in the indoor setting the following species are bred:
Haworthia margaritifera (Havortia pearly). It has leaves 7-8 cm long, inconsistently covered with snow-white pimples. Blossoms with a nondestructive racemose inflorescence on a long peduncle.
Haworthia fasciata (Haworthia striped). Its leaves are longer and sharper, the pimples are smaller, but are thicker and form rows.
Haworthia tesselata (Havortia chess). Its leaves are large and short, approximately triangular, with jagged edges. Only the lower side of the leaves is pimpled, the upper side has a translucent mesh of light strips.
Haworthia reinwardtii (Haworthia Reynwardt) is an exception among Haworthia, as if it does not form a rooted outlet, but owns a stem up to 20 cm high, covered with thick triangular leaves.
Recommendations for the care of Havortia:
Illumination : Photophilous, shading is needed only in the summer noon.
Irrigation mode : Moderate, by the measure of drying of the soil. In the winter, outlandish.
Humidity : Havortia is not demanding at all for the humidity of the atmosphere, but in the winter, periodic spraying is desirable in a warm place.
For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature regime : 18-20 ° C in summer, in winter the period of inactivity is 10-12 ° C, minimum 5 ° C.
Soil: Good drainage is required. You can add small gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mishmash: 1 share clay-turf ground, 1 share sheet, 1 share sand.
During the growth period, one needs fertilizing once per moon with fertilizers for cacti and succulents. Needs increased potassium content.
Breeding : Subsidiary rosettes and dried leaf cuttings.
Transplant : Transplanted in the spring, annually. The root system is superficial, so the pot must be wide, but not deep.
Pests : It is affected by aphids (they form sticky excretions on shoot tips, buds), mealybugs (covered with snow-white cotton wool).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
haworthia pearliferous - haworthia margaritifera
haworthia striped - haworthia fasciata
haworthia limifolium - haworthia limifolia
haworthia chess - haworthia tesselata