Haworthia / Haworthia
It belongs to the lily family. Fatherland - South Africa.
General description : Haworthia is a very popular and unpretentious succulent. Differs in a beautiful basal rosette of hard, fleshy narrow and long pointed leaves. Peduncles are usually cut off, as if the flowers have no decorative value.
Usually in room conditions the following types are diluted:
Haworthia margaritifera (Haworthia pearl-bearing). Has leaves 7-8 cm long, inconsistently covered with snow-white pimples. Blooms nevrzrazmny racem inflorescence on a long peduncle.
Haworthia fasciata (Haworthia striped). Its leaves are longer and sharper, the pimples are smaller, but planted thicker and form rows.
Haworthia tesselata (Haworthia chess). Its leaves are large and short, approximately triangular, with jagged edges. Pupyrchy is only the lower side of the leaves, the upper side has a translucent mesh of light stripes.
Haworthia reinwardtii (Xavorthia Reinwardt) is an exception among havortias, as if it does not form a rosette at all, but has a stem up to 20 cm tall, covered with thick triangular leaves.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Haworthia:
Illumination : Light-loving, shading is needed only in the summer afternoon.
Irrigation mode : Moderate, to measure the drying out of the soil. In winter, outlandish.
Humidity : Hawortia is not demanding on atmospheric humidity, but in the winter in a warm place periodic spraying is desirable.
In the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature condition : 18-20 ° С in summer, in winter period of inactivity at 10-12 ° С, minimum 5 ° С.
Soil: Requires good drainage. You can add petty gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of clay-sod land, 1 share sheet, 1 share of sand.
In the period of growth needs fertilizing 1 time per moon fertilizer for cacti and succulents. It requires an increased content of potassium.
Breeding : Child rosettes and dried leaf cuttings.
Transplant : Transplanted in the spring, annually. The root system is superficial, so the pot is forced to be wide, but not deep.
Pests : It is affected by aphids (they form sticky discharges on the tips of the shoots, buds), mealy worms (covered with snow-white cotton-like fluff).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
havortia pearl-bearing - haworthia margaritifera
havortia striped - haworthia fasciata
Haworthia Reinwardt - haworthia reinwardtii
limousine havortia - haworthia limifolia
chess haworthia - haworthia tesselata