Kalanchoe / kalanchoe
It belongs to the family of bollards. Fatherland - South Asia and South America.
General description : This succulent is grown as if it were a decorative flowering and as if a medicinal plant. It cleans the atmosphere in the building, has antibacterial and antiviral activity.
Usually in room conditions the following types are bred:
Kalanchoe tomentosa (Kalanchoe felt) owns beautiful silver-green densely leaves with brown edges.
Kalanchoe daigremontiana (Kalanchoe Degremona or plant-doctor) medicinal plant with leaves in the shape of an elongated triangle, located on a long stem. Leaf paint is gray-green with purple spots on its underside. Along the edges of the leaves are formed children who, circling, rooted themselves in the same pot.
Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Kalanchoe Blossfelda Kalanchoe. The leaves are rounded, with wavy edges. Small red flowers are collected in spectacular umbrella inflorescences.
Kalanchoe manginii (Kalanchoe Mangina). It has small lanceolate leaves and drooping bell-shaped red flowers.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Kalanchoe:
Illumination : Light-loving, shading is needed only in the summer afternoon.
Irrigation mode : Moderate, to measure the drying out of the soil. Winter outlandish.
Humidity : Periodic spraying is desirable, but Kalanchoe is not demanding on atmospheric humidity. In the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature condition : In the summer, the temperature should be moderate, in the winter it is cool, but not lower than 8 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod land, 1 share of leafy land, 1 share of peat and 1 share of sand.
In the period of growth needs fertilizing 1 time per moon fertilizer for cacti and succulents.
Breeding : Children rooted very easily. The same seeds, cuttings and brood buds.
Transplant : In the spring, every year.
Pests : Rarely affected.
zamiokulkas / zamioculcas
It belongs to the aroid family. Fatherland - oh. Madagascar.
General description : A large evergreen. Glossy fleshy dark green leaves, pointed at the ends. On the stem grow alternately, symmetrically. Tuberous roots. White flowers on the cob. Unpretentious enough for indoor breeding, it can grow up to 1.5 m.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Zamioculcas:
Illumination : Light-loving, but preferred diffused light. In the summer it is better to place it on the balcony or in the garden, in the winter - closer to the window. From the flaw of light, the stems are drawn out, the leaves shrink and thin. Direct sunlight is similarly undesirable; burns may occur on the leaves.
Irrigation mode : Excess moisture is dangerous, the stems and roots rot, which can lead to the death of the plant. Therefore, it is necessary to water moderately even in the warm season, in the winter - rarely, to the measure of drying out of the earth.
Humidity : Spraying does not require, periodic washing of the leaves is useful.
Temperature : Moderate, in winter 12-18 0 C.
Soil: Does not tolerate heavy clay soils, requires benign drainage. Young plants are recommended to plant in the following soil hodgepodge: take in equal proportions turf, leaf soil, peat and sand, add a little humus. In the warm season of the year (from April to August), feedings are needed once every two weeks. Suitable fertilizer for succulents and cacti.
Cultivation : It is best cultivated by crushing bushes, but it is allowed to use similar cuttings and leaves. In this case, phytohormones and soil heating are used for successful root formation. It is advisable to slightly dry the leaf before planting. Rooting long.
Transplanting : It is very important that the pot is in proportion with the root system, therefore the zamiokulkas are transplanted every year (old plants once a couple years) in the spring.
Pests : May be affected by spider mites. At the same time, a spider web appears on the stem, the leaves dry out. The reason is extremely low atmospheric humidity. In case of weak damage, it is enough to treat the plant with a soapy sponge and wash with warm water. In more serious cases, spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water) is used.
Kalanchoe Blossfeld - kalanchoe blossfeldiana