lithops / lithops
It belongs to the aizoon family. The fatherland is the rocky wastelands of South Africa.
General description : These are the so-called "living stones", which are very popular lately. Thick, moisture-filled leaves, shaped like pebbles, always grow in two. Height 1.5 - 5 cm. Every year this two dies off and fresh appears. Coloring is different - green, gray, pink, brown, with various specks and splashes.
Autumn usually bloom. The flowers look like daisies, yellow, snow-white or pink.
Lithops are capricious, they need to provide stable and error-free care.
They grow very slowly; a scattering of "live stones" will fill the pot only after a few years.
recommendations for the care of the plant Lithops:
Illumination : Light-loving, prefers southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode : In summer it is moderate, to the measure of the drying up of the earth, in winter it is very strange, if the temperature is above 15 ° C, and with a humid and cool atmosphere there is no water at all. The source of watering should coincide with the source of drying of the old two leaves. Water should not please in the hollow between leaves.
Humidity : Does not need spraying. She loves the fresh atmosphere, we need airing places.
Temperature : Moderate in the warm season. In winter, optimally 10-15 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of leafy ground, 1 share of sand and 1/2 clay elements. Poorly transferred excess fertilizer, so feed only during the period of growth, if the plant this year did not transplant. Top dressing once a moon, take fertilizer in half of the portion indicated on the package.
Breeding : Layering, seed (germinate at 20-25 ° C)
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made close (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes). After transplanting a few days no water.
Pests : Most often affected by mealy worms (covered with a snow-white cotton-like gun) and mushroom mosquitoes.
With a slight infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing. In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution is recommended.
If the infection is detected during transplantation, the roots of the plant must be carefully cleaned from the ground, rinsed in insecticide solution and dried. Then transplant the plant into fresh ground.
lithops - lithops