lithops / lithops
Refers to the family of azoisonic. Fatherland is the stony wasteland of South Africa.
General description : These are the so-called "living stones", which are very popular in recent times. Thick, moisture-filled leaves, resembling pebbles in shape, grow almost always in two. The height is 1.5 - 5 cm. Each year this two dies and appears fresh. Coloring is different - green, gray, pink, brown, with various specks and blotches.
In autumn they usually blossom. Flowers are like chamomile, yellow, snow-white or pink.
Lithops are whimsical, they need to provide stable and error-free care.
They grow very slowly, a scattering of "living stones" will fill the pot only after a few years.
recommendations for the care of the plant lithops:
Illumination : Photophilous, preferring southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight, in order to avoid burns.
Irrigation regime : In the summer, moderate, according to the measure of the filled land drying, in the winter it is very outlandish, if the temperature is above 15 ° C, do not water at all in a humid and cool atmosphere. The source of irrigation must coincide with the source of drying of the old two leaves. Water should not please the hollow between the leaves.
Humidity : Does not require spraying. Loves a fresh atmosphere, we need airing places.
Temperature regime : Moderate in the warm season. In winter it is optimal 10-15 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mishmash: 1 share of leaf land, 1 share of sand and 1/2 clay elements. Poorly tolerate surplus fertilizers, so feed only during the growth period, if the plant this year did not transplanted. Fertilizing once a moon, fertilizer is taken in half from the portion indicated on the package.
Breeding : By layers, seeds (rising at 20-25 ° C)
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made tight (the roots begin to germinate through the drainage holes). Later, transplant a few days not to water.
Pests : Most often affected by mealybugs (covered with snow-white cotton wool) and mushroom mosquitoes.
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution and a warm wash. In case of severe damage, spraying with an insecticide solution is recommended.
If infection is detected during transplantation, the roots of the plant should be gently cleared from the ground, rinsed in insecticide solution and dried. Then the plant is transplanted into fresh soil.
lithops - lithops