maranta / maranta
Belongs to the family marandyh. The fatherland is the tropical belt of America.
General description : Maranta is a compact, not at all extremely whimsical and very deciduous ornamental plant. On the roots forms nodules. The most popular type is Maranta leuconeura (Maranta belozhilovataya). Its forms differ in the color of the leaves. In Maranta leuconeura kerchoveana, the leaves are green, with double rows of brown spots. Maranta leuconeura tricolor possesses yellow specks along the middle vein and the scarlet paint of the vein itself. The main paint of a young leaf is light green with dark green spots, and mature is dark green. The surface of the sheet is velvety. The form of Maranta leuconeura massangeana leaves are dark green, approximately black in color, with silvery veins.
At night, the maranth picks up and folds its leaves, because of this the British call it a "prayer plant."
Recommendations for the care of the plant Maranta:
Illumination : Light-loving, but does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
Water with warm soft water. Does not love in any way overflowing, nor drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms.
Humidity is similarly maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is constantly wetted. It is useful to cover the rhizomes of arrowroot with wet moss.
Temperature : In summer, the temperature should be moderate 15-18 ° C., In the winter, cool, 12-15 ° C. Does not take out drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
Soil: Requires benign drainage. You can add petty gravel or expanded clay. The soil is acidic or slightly acidic. When a white lime deposit appears on the ground surface, the upper layer must be replaced.
Recommended soil mash: 2-3 leaf elements, 1 share of peat, 1 share of humus soil, 1 share of coniferous earth and 1/2 elements of sand. It is useful to add a little charcoal.
During the period of growth it needs to be fed once a fortnight with liquid complex fertilizer for decorative leafy plants. Maranta is sensitive to overfeeding.
Breeding : Crushing a bush. Layers wield under the film in a warm room until rooting.
Transplantation : Transplanted annually in the spring. The root system is superficial, so the pot is forced to be wide, but not deep.
Pests : Most often affected by the scarlet spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, the leaves and stalks are woven over with a spiderweb), scutes (brown leaves on the leaves and stalks, leaving sticky secretions).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
maranta tricolor - maranta tricolor