monstera / monstera
It belongs to the aroid family. Fatherland - India and South America.
General Description : The only indoor-grown species.
Monstera deliciosa (Monstera delicacy) - a very popular single houseplant, hastily grows, unpretentious. Adult specimens need support, as if the monster is a vine. Usually use tubes with moss. Her leaves are impressive, solid at a young age, at the height of growth there are holes in them, they are made as if cut. With good care, monstera blooms on the cob blossoms and alienates edible purple fruits. There is a variegated view of the Monstera deliciosa variegata (Monstera Delicious Variegata).
Recommendations for the care of the plant Monstera:
Illumination : Light-loving, but does not tolerate direct sunlight.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying and wiping the leaves with a damp, soft cloth. Monstera leaves are polished with a special agent. Eliminate from central heating. Monsters do not tolerate drafts.
Temperature : In the summer, the temperature should be moderate 20-25 ° C., In the winter cool 10-14 ° C.
Soil : Recommended soil hash: 2-3 sods, 1 share of peat land, 1 share of humus and 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers. for mature trees, 1 time per summer it is allowed to deposit humus in the upper layer of the soil.
Breeding : Monstera produces good apical cuttings and stem cuttings, which have one leaf and a light root.
Transplant : Young plants are transplanted annually, mature, older than three years are transplanted through a couple - four years, but annually replace the upper layer of the earth.
Pests : Monstera is affected by mealy worms (covered with a snow-white cotton-like gun), a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven over with a web), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution is recommended.
monstera delicacy (variegata) - monstera deliciosa