myrtle / myrtus
It belongs to the myrtle family. Homeland - Southern Europe, North Africa.
General description : Myrtle is a rather impressive log, more suitable for a garden, but it is allowed to grow it as a single plant to decorate a light but cool hall. The leaves of the myrtle are small, bright, egg-shaped, with a flattering smell. Phytoncides secreted by the leaves, disinfect the air, myrtle essential oil is therapeutic. In summer, a mature plant blooms with fragrant white flowers, in the fall dark blue berries appear on it.
The word "myrtle" from ancient Greek means "medicine", this plant was considered a symbol of chastity, the wreaths of myrtle were worn by the bride.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Myrtle:
Illumination : Light-loving, shading is needed only in the summer afternoon.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, winter outlandish, especially if the plant is kept cool.
Humidity : Requires frequent spraying, especially in warm rooms.
In the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature : In the summer, the temperature should be moderate, in the winter a cool 8-10 ° C.
Soil : Recommended soil mash: 2-3 sods, 1 share of peat land, 1 share of humus, 1 share of sand. In the period of growth it needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with complex fertilizers ("Giant", Rainbow "" Ideal ", etc.). For mature trees, 1 time per summer it is allowed to add humus.
Breeding: Stem cuttings, seeds.
Transplant : Young plants are transplanted annually, mature, older than three years are transplanted after a couple of years, but annually replace the upper layer of the earth.
Pests : affected by shields (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharges), spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven over with spiderwebs).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
myrt - myrtus