oleander / nerium
Refers to the family kutrovyh. Fatherland-Africa, Asia, Japan, Southern Europe.
General description : The only species grown in room conditions is Nerium oleander (Oleander ordinary) . A tall, branching evergreen shrub, an impressive place is required for it. Oleander is a poisonous plant. Leaves are leathery, narrow and long, as if in willow. The leaf paint is dark green, with a light median streak. Fragrant flowers up to 5 cm in diameter have a variety of colors: red, snow-white, yellow, pink, lilac. They can be terry. Blossoms in the summer. In autumn, you need to prune.
Oleander is more suitable for a greenhouse, in a room environment it is difficult to provide comfortable conditions.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Oleander:
Illumination : photophilous, shading is not required.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, in the winter, outlandish, especially if the plant is kept cool. To water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying.
Remove from central heating.
For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in a park or on a balcony), closer to the water.
Temperature regime : In summer, the temperature should be moderate, in the winter cool, 8-12 ° C, not lower than 7 ° C
Soil : Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mishmash: 4 elements of heavy turf, 2 elements of leafy earth, 2 elements of overripe manure or greenhouse and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once every 2 weeks with complex fertilizers ("Giant", "Rainbow" "Ideal", etc.)
Once a season, but not more often, it is allowed to apply organic (Mullein solution).
Breeding : Litters, seeds, stem cuttings in spring and summer.
Transplantation : In the spring, young plants annually, mature once in a couple of years. When transplanting large specimens, perform partial pruning of the roots.
Pests : It is affected by scarlet spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), scabbards (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky excretions), mealybugs (covered with snow-white cotton wool).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
oleander - nerium