nidularium / nidularium
Refers to the family of bromeliads. Fatherland is Brazil.
General description : Usually in the room conditions the following species are bred:
Nidularium innocentii (Nidularium Innocent). It looks like neorhelia. Its internal leaves appear to blush before flowering, but they are shorter. Because of this, they are more like flower petals. The present inflorescences are small, on short peduncles, hiding in the sinuses of the inner leaves. The lower side of the leaf is purple, the margin is serrate. there is a striped species of Nidularium innocentii striatum.
Nidularium billbergioides (Nidularium bilbergiform) epiphytic plant. Leaves with a finely serrate margin, broadly linear, pointed at the ends. The inflorescences of this species seem to hide in the color-bearing leaves, which have a bright yellow color during the flowering period.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Nidularium:
Illumination : In summer, the nidularium needs a bright but diffused light. In winter, shading is not necessary.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during the growth period, moderate in winter. To water with warm soft water. It is recommended to pour water directly into the outlet, but only in summer, in winter it is better to soil, in order to avoid decay.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying.
Temperature regime : In summer, the temperature should be 22-25 ° C, in the winter 18-20 ° C, at least 16 ° C.
Soil : Very good bore is needed. You can add charcoal and coniferous bark.
Recommended soil mixture: 1 share of light turf ground, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of peat, 1 share of humus and 1/2 part of sand. You can use a purchased soil mix for orchids.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once a month with complex fertilizers for bromeliads or usual in 1/4 servings. Diluted fertilizer is applied for irrigation or a spraying route.
Breeding : The shoots that form at the base of a plant are usually rooted in soil heating. You can sow seeds, but they must first be etched and sterilized. The soil for germination must be very loose (a mixture of leafy soil and sand or chopped moss and fern roots). Seedlings need high humidity, shading and soil heating.
Transplantation : The maternal plant dies after flowering. In the spring, the offspring are transplanted. The root system is shallow, the pots shall be shallow.
Pests : It is affected by scarlet spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), scabbards (brown plaques appear on leaves and stems, leaving sticky excretions), aphids (form sticky excretions on shoot tips, buds), mealybugs (covered with snow-white cotton wool).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution and a warm wash.
In case of severe damage, spraying with an insecticide solution (acticle, decis, phytoverm etc.) is recommended.
nidularium bilbergiform - nidularium billbergioides
nidularium of innocence - nidularium innocentii