prickly pear / opuntia
It belongs to the family of cacti.
General description : Common signs for all types of prickly pears are: very small spines (glochidia), which remain on the hands or clothes with a random touch, causing a healthy itch; bloom at a very mature age, when reaching an impressive size. Most of the species are quite bulky, so mostly compact forms are grown in apartments.
The most popular prickly pears:
Opuntia microdasys (prickly pear small-haired) has articulate flat oval stems. Glochidia are bunches of golden, hooked hairs. Flowers are large, yellow. Opuntia microdasys albinospina (Opuntia fine-haired white-bellied) has the advantage that its snow-white glochidia does not crumble at the touch. This type of prickly pear does not grow above 35 cm.
Opuntia cilindrica (Opuntia cylindrical). Its cylindrical stem is not typical for prickly pears. Hastily grows and achieves more than 1, 5 m. Flowers are large, pink.
Opuntia bergeriana (Opuntia Berger) owns long yellow spines, but is valued for its beautiful flowering.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Opuntia:
Illumination : Light-loving, preferred southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode : Moderate, to measure the drying out of the soil. Winter outlandish.
Humidity : Periodic spraying with warm water from a small atomizer is desirable, but prickly pears are not demanding on atmospheric humidity.
In the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony). In winter, dry essence.
Temperature : In the summer, the temperature should be moderate, in the winter is cool, 7-10 ° С, not lower than 5 ° С
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing once in two weeks with fertilizers for cacti and succulents.
Breeding : Seeds, stem cuttings (individual segments) in the spring and summer.
Transplant : In spring, young plants annually, mature once every two to three years.
Pests : Affected by the scarlet spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, the leaves and stems are woven with spiderwebs).
For prevention, the plant is recommended to wipe with medical alcohol.
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.) is recommended.
cylindrical prickly pear - opuntia cilindrica
opuntia clad - opuntia vestita
Opuntia red-red - opuntia rufida
dark prickly pear - opuntia phaeacantha
Opuntia albumen - Opuntia microdasys albinospina