prickly pear / opuntia
Refers to the family of cactus.
General description : Common features for all kinds of prickly pears are: very small thorns (glochidia), which remain on the hands or clothing with an accidental touch, causing a healthy itching; flowering in a very mature age, when reaching impressive proportions. Most of the species are rather cumbersome, that's why in the apartments they grow mainly compact forms.
The most popular prickly pears:
Opuntia microdasys (Opuntia small-horned) own articulate flat stalks of oval form. Glochidia are bundles of golden hooked hairs. The flowers are large, yellow in color. The appearance of Opuntia microdasys albinospina (Opuntia small-horned white-bellied) possesses the advantage that its snow-white glochidia does not fall apart from touching. This species of the prickly pear does not grow above 35 cm.
Opuntia cilindrica (Opuntia cilindrica). Its cylindrical stem is not characteristic of the prickly pear. Hastily grows and achieves more than 1, 5 m. Flowers are large, pink.
Opuntia bergeriana (Opuntia Bergera) owns long yellow thorns, but it is appreciated for its beautiful flowering.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Prickly pear:
Illumination : Photophilous, preferring southern windows, but in the spring should be carefully accustomed to direct sunlight, in order to avoid burns.
Irrigation mode : Moderate, by the measure of drying of the soil. In the winter, outlandish.
Humidity of air : Periodic spraying with warm water from a shallow atomizer is desirable, but the prickly pear is not exacting to the humidity of the atmosphere.
For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony). In winter, the dry essence.
Temperature regime : In summer, the temperature should be moderate, in the winter cool, 7-10 ° C, not lower than 5 ° C
Soil : Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mix: 1 share of turf, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once every two weeks with fertilizers for cacti and succulents.
Breeding : Seeds, stem cuttings (individual segments) in spring and summer.
Transplantation : In the spring, young plants annually, mature once in a couple of years.
Pests : It is affected by scarlet spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs).
For prevention, the plant is recommended to be wiped with medical alcohol.
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution and a warm wash.
In case of severe damage, spraying with an insecticide solution (acticle, decis, phytoverm etc.) is recommended.
prickly pear cilindrica - opuntia cilindrica
prickly pear dressed - opuntia vestita
Opuntia reddish-red - opuntia rufida
prickly pear cactus - opuntia phaeacantha
prickly pear cactus - opuntia microdasys albinospina