orchids (orchid) / orchidaceae
General description : Orchids are luxurious flowering plants. They are valued for the beauty and duration of flowering. In addition, they usually bloom in winter, at what time there are no other flowers. Comparatively, some species of orchids began to grow indoors. Orchid is a rather demanding plant, but with proper treatment it can successfully grow and bloom. Proudly provide her an unmistakable period of inactivity.
In all species, the presence of a pseudobulb is obligatory - a thickened stem from which leaves and flower stalks depart. It can be cylindrical, ovoid or spherical. Later, as if the plant had faded, the pseudobulb could remain without leaves for several years. The leaves are long, leathery. Orchid flowers are built according to the same scheme, but extremely diverse in shape, size and color of individual elements. The flower consists of a top and a pair of side sepals, a pair of side petals and a bottom petal, called a lip. The lip is necessarily different from the rest of the petals and in shape and color. Flowers can be single or in inflorescences - spike, racemoid or paniculate. Fruit - box with dust-like seeds.
recommendations for the care of the orchid family (orchid):
Illumination : In the summer, I need a bright but diffused light. In winter, there is no need for shading; it needs additional artificial light.
Watering mode : The soil for most orchids should be all the time wet, watering is forced to be uniform. Orchids do not like no way of overflowing, no drying of the earth. Katlei and miltonia watered to the measure of drying out the land.
Water with warm soft water.
It is recommended that watering by immersing the pot in a pan with water until the saturation is full.
Humidity : They love high humidity, but orchid flowers do not like spraying. It is better to spray the atmosphere around the plant and arrange containers with water.
The humidity of the air seems to be maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is constantly wetted. Do not tolerate drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
Temperature: Depends on the type of orchids. Dendrobiums, pafiopedilyums, cohogynias prefer coolness, lelyas require moderate temperatures, phalaenopsis, vandas, some dendrobiums and cattley need warmth. But the general demand: in the summer, the daytime temperature is around 20 0 С, in the winter around 170 С, the night temperature is 2-3 degrees lower.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. Allowed to add charcoal or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mix: 1 share of high peat, 1 share of chopped pine bark. Suitable mash for orchids.
In the period of growth it needs regular fertilizing with fertilizers for orchids or usual half of the portion indicated on the package.
Breeding : Crushing during transplantation. In each elements must remain no less than three shoots. The transplanted plant is tied to a support.
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made close (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes).
Pests : affected by shields (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharges), aphids, thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves).
In these cases, the plant must be sprayed with solutions until it is full of healing.
insecticides (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.)
orchids (orchid) - orchidaceae