orchids (orchid) / orchidaceae
General description : Orchids are luxurious flowering plants. They are valued for the beauty and duration of flowering. In addition, they usually bloom in winter, at what time there are no other flowers. Comparatively, some species of orchids began to grow indoors. Orchid is a rather demanding plant, but with proper treatment it can successfully grow and bloom. Proud to provide her an unmistakable period of inactivity.
In all species, the presence of a pseudobulb is obligatory - a thickened stem from which leaves and flower stalks depart. It may be cylindrical, ovoid or spherical. Later, as if the plant had faded, the pseudobulb could remain without leaves for several years. The leaves are long, leathery. Orchid flowers are built according to one scheme, but extremely diverse in shape, size and color of individual elements. The flower consists of a top and a pair of side sepals, a pair of side lobes and a bottom petal, called a lip. The lip is necessarily different from the rest of the petals and in shape and color. Flowers can be single or in inflorescences - spike, racemoid or paniculate. Fruit - box with dust-like seeds.
recommendations for the care of the orchid family (orchid):
Illumination : In the summer, I need a bright but diffused light. In winter, pruneing is not necessary at all; it needs additional artificial lighting.
Watering mode : The soil for most orchids should be all the time wet, watering is forced to be uniform. Orchids do not like no way of overflowing, nor the drying up of the earth. Catleans and miltonias are watered to the measure of the drying of the earth.
Water with warm soft water.
It is recommended that watering by immersing the pot in a pan of water up to saturation.
Humidity : They love high humidity, but orchid flowers do not like spraying. It is better to spray the atmosphere around the plant and arrange containers with water.
The humidity of the air seems to be maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is continuously moistened. Do not tolerate drafts and sudden changes in temperature.
Temperature: Depends on the type of orchids. Dendrobiums, pafiopedilyums, cohogynias prefer coolness, lelyas require moderate temperatures, phalaenopsis, vandas, some dendrobiums and cattley need heat. But the general demand: in the summer, the daytime temperature is around 20 0 С, in the winter around 170 С, the night temperature is 2-3 degrees lower.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. Allowed to add charcoal or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mixture: 1 share of top peat, 1 share of chopped pine bark. Suit for orchids.
In the period of growth it needs regular fertilizing with fertilizers for orchids or usual half of the portion indicated on the package.
Breeding : Crushing during transplantation. In each elements must remain no less than three shoots. The transplanted plant is tied to a support.
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made close (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes).
Pests : affected by shields (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky secretions), aphids, thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves).
In these cases, the plant must be sprayed with solutions until it is full of healing.
insecticides (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.)
orchids (orchid) - orchidaceae