The homeland is a tropical and subtropical belt.
General description : Palm trees are very beautiful ornamental-deciduous single plants. They grow better in winter gardens, but many varieties are rather unpretentious. Palms require a lot of space, but grow slowly. All palms have one feature - the only speck of growth - on the top of the stem, if cut off, the plant will die.
There are cane (hamedoroye, chrysolidocarpus), pinnate (coconut, hoveya, date, neantha), fan (trachicarpus, hamerops palm of Liviston, etc.), sago palms.
Recommendations for caring for the Palm family:
Illumination : Most of the palms prefer bright, but diffuse light.
Watering mode : Watering is forced to be uniform. Abundant during the growth period, the winter is mild.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying and washing under a warm shower.
For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in a park or on a balcony), in a room protected from wind.
Temperature mode : Depending on the type.
Areca, coconut, cariota, hamedorei, acanthophenix, phoenix Robelini love warmth.
Moderate mode is needed for hovei (Belmora, Forster), coconut Bonneti, geonomes, klinigma, rapalostilis, rakis, sabal, etc.
Hemerops, Brachia, Washingtontonia, trachicarpus, etc. prefer a cooler essence.
In any case, palms need a period of inactivity with a temperature of 12-16 0 C.
Palms do not like drafts and hypothermia of the root system.
Soil : Proper benign drainage is required. You can add small gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mishmash: 2 elements of light clayey-sod, 2 elements humus-leaf, 1 share of peat, 1 proportion of overgrown manure and 1 share of sand. On the drainage layer it is useful to put a layer of manure.
During the growth period, one needs fertilizing once a week with complex fertilizers ("Giant", "Rainbow" "Ideal", etc.) Nutrients are consumed hastily.
Breeding : In the end of winter seeds are sown. Use soil heating.
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made tight (the roots begin to germinate through the drainage holes), once every few years, but replace the upper layer of the earth each year.
When transplanting large specimens, perform partial pruning of the roots.
Pests : Affected by a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs), scabbards (brown plaques appear on leaves and stems, leaving sticky excretions), mealybugs (covered with snow-white cotton wool).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).