The homeland is a tropical and subtropical zone.
General description : Palm trees - very beautiful decorative and deciduous solitary plants. They grow better in winter gardens, but many varieties are quite unpretentious. Palm trees require a lot of space, but grow slowly. All palms have one feature - the only speck of growth - at the top of the stem, if cut, the plant will die.
There are reed (hamedorea, chrysolidocarpus), cirrus (coconut, hovey, date, nonant), fan (trahycarpus, hamerops liviston palm, etc.), sago palms.
Recommendations for the care of the Palm family:
Illumination : Most palm trees prefer bright but diffused light.
Watering mode : Watering is forced to be uniform. Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying and washing under a warm shower.
In the summer it is better to place in a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony), in a room protected from the wind.
Temperature : Depending on the type.
Areca, coconut, cariotus, hamedorea, akantofeniks, phoenix Robelini love heat.
Moderate mode is needed for Hovei (Belmore, Forster), Bonneti's coconut, geohones, clinostygma, rapalostilis, rapis, sabal, etc.
Hamerops, Brahei, Washingtonia, Trachycarpus and others prefer a cooler essence.
In any case, palm trees need a period of inactivity with a temperature of 12-16 ° C.
Palms do not like drafts and hypothermia of the root system.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. You can add petty gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mash: 2 elements of light clay-sod, 2 elements of humus-leaf, 1 share of peat, 1 share of rotted manure and 1 share of sand. It is useful to put a layer of manure on the drainage layer.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once a week with complex fertilizers ("Giant", Rainbow "" Ideal ", etc.). Nutrients are used up in a hurry.
Cultivation : At the end of winter seeds are sown. Use soil heating.
Transplant : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made close (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes), once every few years, but annually replace the upper layer of the earth.
When transplanting large specimens, partially trim the roots.
Pests : They are affected by spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven over with spiderwebs), shield-shields (brown plaques appear on leaves and stalks, which leave sticky secretions), powdery worms (covered with a snow-white vatoobrazny fuzz).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).