geranium (pelargonium) / pelargonium
It belongs to the geranium family. Homeland - South Africa.
General description : Pelargonium is extremely popular due to its unpretentiousness and long, colorful flowering. Pelargonium hortorum (Pelargonium garden) can bloom around the whole year. This is a large plant, up to 1 m in height. The leaves are rounded, with a wavy margin. Flowers are collected in umbrella inflorescences. Their colors are the most diverse: snow-white, red, maroon. Paint can be terry.
Pelargonium domesticum (Pelargonium house) does not bloom so long, usually from spring until summer. It is a couple of times smaller than Pelargonium and much more capricious, it needs a cold wintering.
In recent times, ampelous species of pelargonium, for example, Pelargonium peltatum (thyroid pelargonium), have become very popular. Its leaves are star-shaped, another time with a red border on the outskirts.
There is a group of fragrant pelargonium with the smell of rose, lemon, mint, orange, nutmeg, apple. (Pelargoniums: curly, strongly smelling, felt, capitated, fragrant, fragrant, etc.) It is allowed to use their leaves in cooking as if spices, fill deodorizing pillows with them, etc.
In the spring, pelargonium bushes are pruned to enhance branching. Pelargonium home pruned in the fall.
The smell of pelargonium frightens off the mole, provides help from insomnia and other neuroses.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Pelargonium:
Illumination : Light-loving, prefers southern windows.
Irrigation mode : Abundant in the period of growth, moderate in winter, according to the measure of drying out of the soil. He does not like no overflow, nor drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Does not need spraying. In the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature conditions : In the summer, optimally 18-20 ° C, in winter 13-15 ° C, not lower than 12 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips. It seems useful to periodically loosen the upper layer of the earth.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of sod, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of humus, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of sand. Pelargonium is not at all demanding on the composition of the soil.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing once a fortnight with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants.
Breeding : Pelargonium is easily diluted with stem cuttings in early spring or late summer, seeds in spring. Cuttings before planting need little dry, better sanitize the soil.
Transplant : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made close (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes), but annually replace the upper layer of the earth.
Pests : Affected by the scarlet spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are woven over with a spider web), aphids (form sticky discharges on the tips of the shoots, buds), whiteflies (whitish or yellowish spots appear on the underside of the leaves).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.) is recommended.
pelargonium home - pelargonium domesticum
garden pelargonium - pelargonium hortorum
fragrant or strong-scented pelargonium - pelargonium graveolens
curly pelargonium - pelargonium crispum
thyroid pelargonium - pelargonium peltatum