pelargonium (flowering geranium) / pelargonium
Belongs to the geranium family. Homeland - South Africa.
General Description : Pelargonium is extremely popular because of its unpretentiousness and long, colorful flowering. Pelargonium hortorum (Garden Pelargonium) can bloom for approximately the entire year. This is a large plant, up to 1 m in height. The leaves are rounded, with a wavy margin. Flowers gather in umbrella inflorescences. Their coloring is the most diverse: snow-white, red, burgundy. Paint can be terry.
Pelargonium domesticum (Pelargonium home) blooms not so long, usually from spring until summer. It is a couple of times smaller than Pelargonium garden and much more capricious, it needs a cold wintering.
Ampelic species of pelargonium, for example Pelargonium peltatum (Thyroid pelargonium), have become very popular in recent times. Its leaves are star-shaped, another time with a red border on the outskirts.
There is a group of fragrant pelargonium with the smell of roses, lemon, mint, orange, nutmeg, apple. (Pelargoniums: curly, strongly smelling, felt, capitate, fragrant, fragrant, etc.) Their leaves are allowed to be used in cooking as if spices, to fill them with deodorizing pillows, etc.
In spring, pelargonium bushes are cut to strengthen branching. Pelargonium home cut in the fall.
The smell of pelargonium repels moths, helps with insomnia and other neuroses.
Pelargonium plant care recommendations:
Illumination : Light-loving, prefers southern windows.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter, by the measure of soil drying. She does not adore in any way overflow or drying up of the earth.
Humidity : No spraying required. In the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature conditions : In summer, it is optimally 18-20 ° C, in winter 13-15 ° C, not lower than 12 ° C.
Soil : Drainage required. You can add charcoal and brick chips. It seems useful to periodically loosen the upper layer of the earth.
Recommended soil mix: 1 share of turf, 1 share of leaf, 1 share of humus, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of sand. Pelargonium is not very demanding on the composition of the soil.
During the growth period, it needs to be fed once a fortnight with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants.
Breeding : Pelargonium is easily bred by stem cuttings in early spring or late summer, seeds in spring. Cuttings before planting need little to dry, it is better to disinfect the soil.
Transplanting : Transplanted in the spring, at which time the pot becomes cramped (the roots begin to sprout through the drainage holes), but annually replace the top layer of the earth.
Pests : Affected by a scarlet spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided by cobwebs), aphids (form sticky secretions at the tops of shoots, buds), whiteflies (whitish or yellowish spots appear on the underside of the leaves).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help finish with a soapy solution and warm washing.
In case of severe damage, spraying with a solution of an insecticide (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.) is recommended.
pelargonium home - pelargonium domesticum
pelargonium garden - pelargonium hortorum
Pelargonium fragrant or strong-smelling - pelargonium graveolens
curly pelargonium - pelargonium crispum
thyroid pelargonium - pelargonium peltatum