peperomia / peperomia
It belongs to the pepper family. Homeland - South America.
General description : There is an impressive variety of types and forms of peperomium, they can be large or compact, ampelous or bushy. Peperomia grow slowly, the roots are small, they are often used in the preparation of flower compositions. The inflorescences are long, cord-shaped, with tiny greenish flowers, very similar to plantain inflorescences. Only some species bloom in indoor conditions.
All peperomia disinfect the atmosphere from pathogenic bacteria.
The most common ampelous peperomia:
Peperomia scandens (climbing perperomy) has pink stalks and cuttings. Leaves up to 5 cm long, with a waxed surface, pointed oval. Color green or multi-colored, with yellow spots.
Peperomia prostrata (creeping perperomy). The leaves are small, up to 1 cm long, with silver or bronze spots. Scarlet stalks.
Peperomia rotundifolia (round-leafed perperomy) leaves seem to be small, round, sitting on a green stem quite often.
The most common bushy peperomia:
Peperomia argyreia (Perperomy silver) is a small plant with a small stem. Egg-shaped leaves have silvery stripes.
Peperomia caperata (wrinkled perperomy) is a compact bush with small heart-shaped leaves on red cuttings. The surface of the leaves is wrinkled. there is a variegated view with snow-white edges.
The most common erect peperomii:
Peperomia magnoliaefolia (peperomia magnolistnaya) owns rounded succulent leaves up to 12 cm long, green or yellow-green, fleshy stems, strongly branched, with a reddish tinge.
Peperomia clusiaefolia (Peperomia slander). Plant sizes are the same as in the previous species. The leaves are back-ovate, bright, fleshy. Dark green leaf paint has a reddish tint and purple border.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Peperomia:
Illumination : Needs bright but diffused light.
Irrigation mode : Moderate in the period of growth, strange in the winter, to the measure of drying out of the soil. He does not like no overflow, nor drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying and rubbing of large leaves with a damp soft cloth.
Temperature conditions : In the summer, optimally 18-20 ° C, in winter 16-18 ° C, not lower than 14 ° C. Does not adore overcooling of the root system.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share leaf, 1 share peat land and 1 share sand.
In the period of growth needs fertilizing 1 time in two weeks with liquid fertilizer for houseplants in half portions.
Cultivation : Peperomia is easily diluted with stem cuttings, seeds in spring. Bush peperomia allowed to propagate leaf cuttings.
Transplant : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made tight (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes). The root system is superficial, so the pot is forced to be wide, but not deep.
Pests : Affected by a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are woven over with a spider web), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.) is recommended.
peperomia magnolia-leaved - peperomia magnoliaefolia
peperomia tupolistnaya - peperomia obtusifolia
silver peperomia - peperomia argyreia
peperomia gray-silver - peperomia griseoargentea
blushy peperomia - peperomia clusiaefolia
peperomia pereskylistnaya - peperomia pereskiaefolia