Philodendron / Philodendron
Refers to the family of aroids. The homeland is the tropics of South America.
General description : Philodendron is a large ornamental deciduous plant. The most common are creepers. They have large, usually heart-shaped leathery leaves, air roots, an ideal support for them is a tube with moss. There are tree-like forms, they take up a lot of space and are not suitable for rooms.
Usually in the indoor setting the following species are bred:
Philodendron scandens (Philodendron climbing). This is the most compact and unpretentious of the Philodendrons. It is grown as an ampel plant.
Philodendron elegans / angustisectum (Philodendron elegant or narrowly divided). This species has large, deeply pinnate, segmented leaves.
Philodendron bipennifolium (Philodendron double-pinnadjusted). This is a tree plant with an erect stalk. A sheet with a length of up to 45 cm on a long cut has deep cuts.
Philodendron melanochrysum / andreanum (Philodendron black-golden or Philodendron Andre) has large vertically-drooping leaves with a velvety surface. The sheet's brightness is dark with copper tint, white streaks are clearly visible on the sheet.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Philodendron:
Illumination : It needs bright, but diffused light, some species prefer partial shade.
Irrigation mode : Moderate, as the soil dries. He does not like not overflowing, nor drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying, showering
or wipe the leaves with a damp soft cloth. Keep away from drafts.
Temperatures : Moderate, 18-20 ° C in summer, in winter at least 15 ° C.
Soil : Recommended soil mixture: 2-3 parts of sod, 1 part of peat land, 1 part humus, 0.5 part of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once every 2 weeks with complex fertilizers ("Giant", "Rainbow" "Ideal", etc.)
Breeding : In the summer, in the soil heating and using phytohormones, the apical and leaf cuttings root. Also lateral shoots and air layers.
Transplantation : Young plants are transplanted annually, adults older than three years are transplanted after two years, but replace the top layer of the earth annually.
Pests : Shields are attacked (brown leaves appear on leaves and stems, leaving sticky excretions), thrips (grayish spots appear on the leaves), mealybugs (covered with white cotton wool).
The plant can be helped by treatment with a soap solution, warm bathing and spraying with an athlete (1-2 ml per liter of water).
philodendron climbing - philodendron scandens
philodendron elegance - philodendron elegans
Philodendron double-pinnate cut - philodendron bipennifolium
philodendron warty - philodendron verrucosum
philodendron black and golden - philodendron melanochrysum
philodendron squamiferous - philodendron squamiferum
philodendron marble - philodendron
hybrid philodendron - purple prince
hybrid philodendron - silver clown