This page has been robot translated, sorry for typos if any. Original content here.

Philodendron / Philodendron


It belongs to the aroid family. Homeland - the tropics of South America.



General description : Philodendron is a large ornamental leafy plant. The most common vines. They have large, usually heart-shaped leathery leaves, aerial roots, an ideal support for them ¬- a tube with moss. There are tree forms, they take up a lot of space and are poorly suited for rooms.

Usually in room conditions the following types are diluted:


Philodendron scandens (Philodendron climbing). This is the most compact and unpretentious of philodendrons. It is grown as an ampelous plant.


Philodendron elegans / angustisectum (Philodendron graceful or narrow-cut). This species has large deep feathery leaves divided into narrow segments.

Philodendron bipennifolium (Philodendron twice peristone-cut). This is a tree plant with an erect stem. The leaf up to 45 cm long on a long handle has deep cuts.


Philodendron melanochrysum / andreanum (Philodendron black and golden or Philodendron Andre) has large vertically drooping leaves with a velvety surface. The leaves are dark with copper tint, white streaks stand out brightly on the sheet.



Recommendations for the care of the plant Philodendron:


Illumination : Needs bright but diffused light, some species prefer penumbra.


Irrigation mode : Moderate as the soil dries. Dislikes no overflow, no drying of the ground.


Humidity : Requires regular spraying, washing in the shower

or wiping leaves with a damp, soft cloth. Keep away from drafts.


Temperature : Moderate, 18-20 ° C in summer, minimum 15 ° C in winter.


Soil : Recommended soil mixture: 2-3 parts of sod, 1 part of peat land, 1 part of humus, 0.5 part of sand.

In the period of growth needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with complex fertilizers ("Giant", Rainbow "" Ideal ", etc.)


Dilution : In summer, when soil is heated and using phytohormones, root and leaf cuttings are rooted. Also side shoots and air layouts.


Transplantation : Young plants are transplanted annually, adults over three years old are transplanted after two years, but the top layer of the earth is replaced every year.


Pests : Affected by shields (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky secretions), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves), powdery worms (covered with a white cotton-like fluff).

The plant can be helped by treatment with soapy water, warm washing and spraying with an atellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).

Climbing Philodendron - Philodendron scandens

Philodendron Double Peristone Cut - Philodendron bipennifolium

Philodendron Sello - Philodendron selloum

Philodendron warty - Philodendron verrucosum

Philodendron black and gold - Philodendron melanochrysum

Philodendron scaly-bearing - Philodendron squamiferum

Philodendron family - Philodendron domesticum

Philodendron of Marble - Philodendron

Hybrid Philodendron - Silver Claun

Hybrid Philodendron - Purple Prince

climbing philodendron - philodendron scandens

Philodendron Elegant - philodendron elegans

Philodendron Double Peristone Cut - philodendron bipennifolium

philodendron cello - philodendron selloum

Philodendron warty - philodendron verrucosum

philodendron black and gold - philodendron melanochrysum

philodendron scales - philodendron squamiferum

family philodendron - philodendron domesticum

marble philodendron - philodendron

hybrid philodendron - purple prince

hybrid philodendron - silver claun