Philodendron / Philodendron
It belongs to the aroid family. Homeland - the tropics of South America.
General description : Philodendron is a large ornamental leafy plant. The most common vines. They have large, usually heart-shaped leathery leaves, aerial roots, an ideal support for them ¬- tube with moss. There are tree forms, they take up a lot of space and are poorly suited for rooms.
Usually in room conditions the following types are bred:
Philodendron scandens (Philodendron climbing). This is the most compact and unpretentious of philodendrons. It is grown as an ampelous plant.
Philodendron elegans / angustisectum (Philodendron graceful or narrowly cut). This species has large deep feathery leaves divided into narrow segments.
Philodendron bipennifolium (Philodendron twice peristone-cut). This is a tree plant with an erect stem. A leaf up to 45 cm long on a long handle has deep cuts.
Philodendron melanochrysum / andreanum (Philodendron black and golden or Philodendron Andre) has large vertically drooping leaves with a velvety surface. The leaf is dark with copper tint; white streaks stand out brightly on the sheet.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Philodendron:
Illumination : Needs bright but diffused light, some species prefer penumbra.
Irrigation mode : Moderate as the soil dries. Dislikes no overflow, no drying of the ground.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying, washing in the shower
or wiping leaves with a damp, soft cloth. Keep away from drafts.
Temperature : Moderate, 18-20 ° C in the summer, at least 15 ° C in the winter.
Soil : Recommended soil mixture: 2-3 parts of sod, 1 part of peat land, 1 part of humus, 0.5 part of sand.
In the period of growth needs fertilizing 1 time in 2 weeks with complex fertilizers ("Giant", Rainbow "" Ideal ", etc.)
Cultivation : In summer, when soil is heated and using phytohormones, root and leaf cuttings are rooted. Also side shoots and air layouts.
Transplant : Young plants are transplanted annually, adults over three years old are transplanted after two years, but the top layer of the earth is replaced annually.
Pests : Affected by shields (brown plaques appear on the leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharges), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves), mealybugs (covered with white cotton-like fluff).
The plant can be helped by treatment with soapy water, warm washing and spraying with an atellicum (1-2 ml per liter of water).
climbing philodendron - philodendron scandens
Philodendron Elegant - philodendron elegans
Philodendron Double Peristone Cut - philodendron bipennifolium
philodendron cello - philodendron selloum
Philodendron warty - philodendron verrucosum
philodendron black and gold - philodendron melanochrysum
philodendron scales - philodendron squamiferum
family philodendron - philodendron domesticum
marble philodendron - philodendron
hybrid philodendron - purple prince
hybrid philodendron - silver claun