date (date palm) / phoenix
It belongs to the family of arecae (palm trees). The homeland is the tropics and subtropics of Asia and Africa.
General description : Date - a large ornamental leafy plant.
Usually in room conditions the following types are bred:
Phoenix canariensis (Phenicia Canarian) owns feathery wai with narrow, straight, rigid leaves. It grows up to 2 m.
Phoenix roebelenii (Phenicia Robelen). It grows up to 1.5 - 2 m, can own several trunks, it has a dense crown with beautifully curved narrow and long leaves.
Phoenix dactylifera (date palmate). This is the original type of date palm, it is not so beautiful, but grows faster than previous species. Over the years, its trunk has become bare. The cuttings of the leaves are covered with thorns.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Phenicus:
Illumination : Light-requiring, requires direct sunlight.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
He does not like no overflow, nor drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying, washing in the shower
Keep away from drafts. In the summer it is better to place in a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony), in a room protected from the wind.
Temperature : Moderate, 18–20 ° C in summer, in winter for a Canary Date and palmate 9–15 ° C, for a Robelin Date, 16–20 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 2 elements of light clay-sod, 2 elements of humus-leaf, 1 share of peat, 1 share of rotted manure, 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing once a week with complex fertilizers.
Cultivation : From the end of winter, when soil is heated and using phytohormones, germinate seeds. Breeding is difficult.
Transplant : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made tight (the roots begin to grow through the drainage holes).
Pests : Affected by shields (brown plaques appear on leaves and stems, leaving sticky discharges), powdery worms (covered with a snow-white cotton-like gun), spider mites (dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven with spiderwebs).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
date (date palm) - phoenix