date (date palm) / phoenix
Refers to the family of arecids (palms). Fatherland - the tropics and subtropics of Asia and Africa.
General description : Finik is a large ornamental deciduous plant.
Usually in the indoor setting the following species are bred:
Phoenix canariensis (Phoenician Canarian) has pinnate wai with narrow, straight, stiff leaves. It grows up to 2 m.
Phoenix roebelenii (Phoenix Robelena). It grows up to 1.5 - 2 m, can own several trunks, it has a dense crown with beautifully curved narrow and long leaves.
Phoenix dactylifera. This is the original form of the date palm, it is not so beautiful, but grows faster than the previous species. Its trunk is bare with age. Cuttings of leaves covered with spines.
Recommendations for the care of plants Phoenix:
Illumination : photophilous, requires direct sunlight.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
He does not adore in any way the overflow, nor the drying out of the earth.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying, showering
Keep away from drafts. For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in a park or on a balcony), in a room protected from wind.
Temperature regime : Moderate, 18-20 ° C in summer, in winter for the Canary and pinchy dates of 9-15 ° C, for Robelen's Finish 16-20 ° C.
Soil : Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mishmash: 2 elements of light clayey-sod, 2 elements humus-leaf, 1 share of peat, 1 share of overgrown manure, 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once a week with complex fertilizers.
Breeding : From the end of winter, soil heating and using phytohormones germinate seeds. Breeding is difficult.
Transplantation : Transplanted in the spring, at what time the pot is made tight (the roots begin to germinate through the drainage holes).
Pests : Shields are damaged (leaves and stems appear brown plaques, leaving sticky discharge), mealybugs (covered with white cotton wool), a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided with cobwebs).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
date (date palm) - phoenix