date (date palm) / phoenix
Belongs to the areca family (palm trees). Fatherland - the tropics and subtropics of Asia and Africa.
General description : Date - a large decorative foliage plant.
Typically, the following species are bred at room conditions:
Phoenix canariensis (Canarian dates) owns feathery vai with narrow, straight, stiff leaves. It grows up to 2 m.
Phoenix roebelenii (Date of Robelin). It grows up to 1.5 - 2 m, can own several trunks, it has a dense crown with beautifully curved narrow and long leaves.
Phoenix dactylifera (Date palmate). This is the original form of the date palm, it is not so beautiful, but grows faster than previous species. Its trunk is exposed over the years. Cuttings of leaves covered with thorns.
Recommendations for the care of the Phoenician plant:
Illumination : Photophilous, requires direct sunlight.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
She does not adore in any way overflow or drying up of the earth.
Humidity : Requires regular spraying, showering
Keep away from drafts. In summer it is better to place it in a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony), in a room protected from the wind.
Temperature conditions : Moderate, 18-20 ° С in the summer, in the winter for the Canary and palm dates 9-15 ° С, for the date Robenen 16-20 ° С.
Soil : Drainage required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mishmash: 2 elements of light clay-turf, 2 elements of humus-leaf, 1 share of peat, 1 share of rotted manure, 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs to be fed once a week with complex fertilizers.
Dilution : From the end of winter, seeds are germinated with soil heating and using phytohormones. Breeding is difficult.
Transplanting : Transplanted in the spring, at which time the pot becomes cramped (the roots begin to sprout through the drainage holes).
Pests : Affected by scale insects (brown plaques appear on leaves and stems leaving sticky secretions), mealybugs (covered with a snow-white cotton-like fluff), spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided by cobwebs).
The plant is allowed to help finish with soapy water, warm washing and spraying with Actellik (1-2 ml per liter of water).
date (date palm) - phoenix