Houseplants that perfectly clean the air
Indoor gardening - growing plants in residential or public areas. Plants that are able to successfully survive and grow in such premises are called indoor plants. Indoor gardening is especially common in countries with long harsh winters. Most indoor plants come from the tropics and subtropics. Since residential or public premises are characterized by conditions more unfavorable to plants than when growing them in greenhouses (for example, the lateral direction of light, its small amount, dry air, abundance of dust, drafts, uneven temperature), to achieve a healthy state and proper development plants are used special techniques. Conditions in public and office buildings are usually even less favorable than in residential areas, so the most unpretentious indoor plants are grown here.
Indoor indoor air is one of the main and main causes of disease. Our brick and concrete houses constantly release toxic chemicals - formaldehyde , metals , fumes . Air is also poisoned by bacteria , mold , dust, and carbon dioxide that forms near a working stove. Fortunately, we have home indoor plants . They easily solve the problems associated with poor ventilation of enclosed spaces.
In this article we in Shram.kiev.ua will tell about the best flower air purifiers that will not only decorate the house, but also 24 hours a day will work faithfully and smoothly to clean the air that can be grown at home or in the office.
In 1989, NASA launched a study whose goal was to determine the best indoor plants for cleaning the ambient air. Scientists have found that indoor air constantly contains particles of harmful volatile organic compounds — trichlorethylene , benzene , ammonia, and others . To clean the air, experts recommend placing them in the rooms. Houseplants can neutralize up to 85% of indoor air pollution.
There are five harmful substances in indoor air:
- Formaldehyde. Contained in furniture made of particleboard, fiberboard, carpet and upholstery, tobacco smoke, plastic utensils, household gas. Causes allergic reactions, irritation of the mucous membrane, asthma, skin diseases.
- Trichlorethylene. Contained in the means for cleaning carpets and fabrics, chlorinated water, cartridges for printers, paints and varnishes. Trichlorethylene is a strong carcinogen, irritates eyes and skin, affects the liver and kidneys, causes psychomotor agitation.
- Benzene. Located in tobacco smoke, cleaning products and detergents, including soaps, paint products, rubber products. A carcinogen that can provoke leukemia, accumulates in adipose tissue, causes agitation, like alcohol, shortness of breath and cramps, lowers blood pressure.
- Ammonia. Contained in computer equipment, tobacco smoke, household chemicals. Causes dryness and sore throat, cough, provokes chest pain, causes larynx and lungs swelling.
- Xylene On its basis, many types of plastics, paints and varnishes, adhesives are produced, it is also found in automobile exhaust gases, leather goods and tobacco smoke. Causes irritation of the skin, respiratory tract and mucous membrane of the eye.
Room chrysanthemum - this plant - the favorite of NASA. These flowers are used to purify the air in the offices of the space agency. They effectively absorb ammonia, benzene and formaldehyde from the air in any room. In addition, this flower is not very expensive, which makes it an ideal option for flower beds in the courtyard of a private house.
Chlorophytum is a simple and unpretentious plant that does not require special care. It is fairly widespread, so you can probably borrow a couple of stems from your neighbors. In addition, chlorophytum effectively absorbs all the chemicals that you spray when you clean the apartment.
The plant “spider” with rich foliage and small white flowers actively fights with benzene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide and xylene. Another reason to get this plant is safety for children and animals.
In the world there are more than 40 types of dracaena . Therefore, you can easily find one that looks like you like. It is an excellent tool for removing benzene, trichlorethylene and xylene from the air. True, these flowers are a little toxic for cats and dogs. So, if you have a small apartment and pets live in it, think twice.
Ficus - the most popular mini-tree among all homeowners in the world. If you put it in a large pot, it can grow to a truly impressive size. But, as a rule, on average, its growth is from 60 to 120 cm. In spring and summer, the plant can be taken out into the yard.
Not only that it is very beautiful flowers, they are also very hard to ruin. They bloom for the most part in the summer, prefer shady places and moist, but not damp soil. Ammonia, benzene, formaldehyde and trichlorethylene are removed from the air.
This plant likes cool places with high humidity and reflected light. Bathrooms are the perfect place for this "helper." It cleans the air from the pollutant xylene.
Sansevieria ("Teschin language")
We see pots with her everywhere, most often in offices and restaurants. And for good reason: these plants require almost no care. They need to be watered about once a month: they like dry conditions. They don't need a lot of sunlight either.
Hamedorea ("Bamboo Palm")
This is the best means in the world for air purification from formaldehyde. For starters, it is best to put it on the windowsill, where the sun shines. In response, you will receive a palm tree up to 3 meters high and fresh air. It looks amazing.
This is a multifunctional plant. They can treat burns, colds, and it just perfectly cleans the air in the room. One aloe vera can breathe new life into any small apartment.
Anthurium Andre ("Lily Flamingo")
It perfectly moisturizes the air and saturates it with purified water vapor. Actively assimilates xylene and toluene and processes them into compounds that are harmless to humans.
Gerber Jamson, Scrippsus ("Golden Lotus")
This bright flowering plant effectively removes trichlorethylene , formaldehyde and benzene from the air. Loves the heat and the sun.
Chinese evergreen tree is a houseplant that grows in low light conditions and loves moist air. Effectively cleans the air from toluene and benzene. Juice and berries of the plant are poisonous.
This plant is an excellent choice for rooms with low light. Effectively removes trichlorethylene, formaldehyde, benzene, carbon monoxide. It is recommended to remove allergens such as mold.
This beautiful blooming flower effectively fights with formaldehyde , which stands out from plywood, furniture, carpets. Blossoms long enough, but requires careful care.
Sansevieria ("Teschin language")
Very hardy plant, you need to try to ruin it. Struggles with pollutants such as formaldehyde, benzene, trichlorethylene. At night, it absorbs carbon dioxide and releases oxygen.
This plant is best for removing xylene, trichlorethylene and formaldehyde . Dracaena grows slowly, but grows into a tall plant. Better to place in a room with high ceilings and moderate sunlight.
"Workhorse" for air purification from formaldehyde and other types of toxic compounds. Non-capricious plant, feels great in rooms with low light. Not recommended for those who have children and animals.
Nephrolepis ("Boston fern")
The fern moisturizes and cleans the air from formaldehyde fumes , carbon monoxide and xylene . Loves regular watering and shade.
Spathiphyllum ("lily of the world")
“Lily of the World” is a “queen” for air purification from formaldehyde , benzene and trichlorethylene . It also effectively combats toluene and xylene . For maximum effectiveness, it is recommended to regularly remove dust from its leaves.
Bamboo palm tree
This plant is best for filtration of benzene , trichlorethylene and formaldehyde . It is better to place it near the furniture, which is covered with a paint and varnish coating and evaporates harmful compounds.
Cleans the air from formaldehyde, toluene and benzene compounds. In some countries, sheffler is called an umbrella tree, because the leaves, like the spokes of an umbrella, come from one point.
This plant will not only make you happy with its flowers and decorate the house, but will also effectively deal with formaldehyde , xylol , benzene and ammonia .
- Alphabetical list
- Plants for air drying / moistening
- Plants for air purification
- Plants as an alternative to air purifiers
- Plants for each room
- Dark corner plants
- Mini-garden in the apartment
- The fat woman "Money Tree"
- Grow ginger at home
- Grow pineapple at home
- Orchid reproduction
- Where to go for mushrooms
- The benefits of mushrooms
- Mushroom classification