primula primrose primula
It belongs to the primrose family. Fatherland - North America, Europe, Asia in the temperate zone.
General description : The ornamental flowering plant, blooming in winter and spring.
Usually in room conditions the following types are bred:
Primula malocoides (Soft Primula) - herbaceous plant about 40 cm tall, one-year. The leaves are ovate, with a serrated edge. Peduncles up to 45 cm long, arranged in tiers, carry whorled fragrant inflorescences. Flowers with white, pink or red petals have a yellow center.
Primula obconica (Primula obratkonicheskaya) - herbaceous plant about 60 cm tall, perennial. Heart-shaped leaves with a rough surface. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, are umbrella fragrant inflorescences. Flowers with white, pink, blue, red, etc. petals have a green center.
Primula kewensis (Kyu primula) is a herbaceous plant about 35 cm high, one-year. The leaves are rounded-heart-shaped, with a toothed margin and powdery coating. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, are umbrella fragrant inflorescences. Flowers yellow color.
Primula sinensis (Chinese Primula) is a herbaceous plant about 35 cm tall, perennial. Leaves lobed, with a serrated edge. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, are umbrella fragrant inflorescences. Flowers with white, pink, blue, red, etc. petals have a yellow center. petals have wavy edges.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Primula:
Illumination : Light-loving, shading is needed only in the summer afternoon.
Irrigation mode : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
Does not love in any way overflowing, nor drying up of the earth. Water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying.
The humidity of the air seems to be maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is constantly wetted.
In the summer it is better to place in a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony), preferably to land on the ground in a room protected from the wind and from direct sunlight.
Temperature : Cool, in the period of flowering 12-16 ° C, later flowering no higher than 15 ° C.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. Allowed to add petty gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share leaf, 1 share peat land and 1 share sand.
During the period of growth it needs fertilizing 1 time in two weeks with iron-containing fertilizer in half portions.
Breeding : Crushing a bush during transplantation, seeds in the middle of summer
Transplant : Every year after flowering, if the primrose perennial.
Pests : Primrose can be affected by mushroom mosquitoes, aphids, slugs (in the garden).
Recommended spraying an insecticide solution (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.).
soft primula - primula malocoides
primrose obkonkonicheskaya - primula obconica