Refers to the family of primrose. Fatherland - North America, Europe, Asia in the temperate zone.
General description : Decorative and flowering plant, blooming in winter and spring.
Usually in the indoor setting the following species are bred:
Primula malocoides (Primula mildew) is a herbaceous plant about 40 cm high, one year old. Leaves ovate, with a serrated margin. Peduncles up to 45 cm long, located in tiers, carry whorled fragrant inflorescences. Flowers with snow-white, pink or red petals have a yellow center.
Primula obconica (Primula obconica) is a herbaceous plant about 60 cm high, perennial. Leaves are cordate with a rough surface. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, bear umbellate fragrant inflorescences. Flowers with snow-white, pink, blue, red, etc. petals have a green middle.
Primula kewensis (Primula kewska) is a herbaceous plant about 35 cm high, one year old. The leaves are round-heart-shaped, with a dentate margin and mealy coating. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, bear umbellate fragrant inflorescences. Yellow flowers.
Primula sinensis (Chinese primula) is a herbaceous plant about 35 cm high, perennial. Leaves are lobate, with a serrated margin. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, bear umbellate fragrant inflorescences. Flowers with snow-white, pink, blue, red, etc. petals have a yellow center. the petals have wavy margins.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Primrose:
Illumination : Photophilous, shading is needed only in the summer noon.
Irrigation regime : Abundant during growth, moderate in winter.
He does not adore in any way the overflow, nor the drying out of the earth. To water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying.
The humidity of the air is similarly supported by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or claydite, which is continuously moistened.
For the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in a park or on a balcony), preferably planted on the ground in a sheltered from the wind and from direct sunlight.
Temperature regime : Cool, in the flowering period of 12-16 ° C, later flowering does not exceed 15 ° C.
Soil : Proper benign drainage is required. It is allowed to add fine gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil mixture: 1 share leaf, 1 share of peat land and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once every two weeks with iron-containing fertilizer in half.
Breeding : Crushing of the bush during transplantation, seeds in the middle of summer
Transplant : Annually after flowering, if the primrose is a perennial.
Pests : Primrose can be affected by fungal mosquitoes, aphids, slugs (in the garden).
It is recommended spraying with insecticide solution (acticle, decis, phytoverm, etc.).
primula mild - primula malocoides