saintpolia (umbilical violet) / saintpaulia
Refers to the family of Gesneria. Motherland - the African Uplands of Africa.
General description : Senpolia is a very popular ornamental flowering plant. It blossoms almost any time of the year, compact, it is convenient to own it on a narrow window sill, it is proud to only watch that the leaves do not come into contact with the window glass and in time to tear off the wilted flowers and eliminate lateral shoots.
There is a huge number of different species and hybrids of senpolia. They are classified, first of all, in color, type and shape of flowers (kaemchatye, fantasy, classical type, star-shaped type, bell, chimera, etc.). Flowers can be terry and semi-double. According to the type of leaves, the senpolia is divided into male and female, the leaves differ somewhat like the pubescence and the shape of the margins of the leaf.
Allocate ampel species, standard and miniature forms.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Senpolia:
Illumination : Photophilous, shading is needed only in the summer noon.
In winter, additional artificial lighting is needed.
Irrigation mode : It is recommended to water the method by immersing the pot in a tray with water until the saturation is full. He does not like getting water on the leaves. The soil must always be damp.
He does not adore in any way the overflow, nor the drying out of the earth. To water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Likes high humidity, but does not like spraying. It is better to spray the atmosphere around the plant and arrange containers with water.
Air humidity is maintained by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or expanded clay, which is continuously moistened.
Keep away from drafts and eliminate from central heating.
Temperature regime : Moderate, optimally 21-22 ° C, minimum 16 ° C. Can not tolerate sudden temperature changes.
Soil: Drainage is mandatory. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mix: 1 share of peat land, 1 share of coniferous, 2 leaf elements, 3 elements of turf ground and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once every two weeks with fertilizer for flowering plants.
Breeding : Seeds, leaf cuttings in spring, daughter rosettes.
Transfer : If necessary. The size of the pot should correspond to the root system. The width and height of the pot should be approximately the same, so that the roots do not grow extremely high.
Pests : Spoiled by a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are cobwebby), thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves), aphids (form sticky excretions on shoot tips, buds), whiteflies (whitish or yellowish spots appear on the underside of leaves) , powdery worms (covered with white cotton woolly fluff).
The plant is allowed to help finish with a soap solution, warm rinsing and spraying with an actellite (1-2 ml per liter of water).
senpolia - chimera
Saint-Petersburg - bell
girl's girlfriend in Saintpaulia