Saintpaulia (Saintpaulia) / saintpaulia
It belongs to the family of Gesneria. Homeland - Usambara hills of Africa.
General description : Saintpaulia is a very popular flowering plant. It blooms almost at any time of the year, it is compact, it is convenient to hold it on a narrow window-sill, it is proud only to make sure that the leaves do not touch the window glass and cut off faded flowers in time and eliminate the side shoots.
There is a huge number of different species and hypo. They are classified, first of all, by color, type and shape of flowers (border, fantasy, classical type, star-shaped type, bell, chimera, etc.). Flowers can be terry and semi-double. According to the type of leaves, Saintpaulia is divided into male and female, the leaves differ in the same pubescence and shape of the leaf margin.
Emit ampelous species, standard and miniature forms.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Saintpaulia:
Illumination : Light-loving, shading is needed only in the summer afternoon.
In winter, it needs additional artificial light.
Irrigation mode : It is recommended to irrigate by immersing the pot in a pan with water until it is full of saturation. Does not like water on the leaves. The soil should always be wet.
He does not like no overflow, nor drying up of the earth. Water with warm soft water.
Humidity : Loves high humidity, but does not like spraying. It is better to spray the atmosphere around the plant and arrange containers with water.
Humidity is maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is constantly wetted.
Keep away from drafts and remove from central heating.
Temperature condition : Moderate, optimally 21-22 ° С, minimum 16 ° С. Does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature.
Soil: Drainage is required. You can add charcoal and brick chips.
Recommended soil mash: 1 share of peat land, 1 share of coniferous, 2 leaf elements, 3 elements of sod land and 1 share of sand.
During the period of growth needs fertilizing 1 time in two weeks fertilizer for flowering plants.
Breeding : Seeds, leaf cuttings in the spring, daughter rosettes.
Transplant : By necessity. The size of the pot must meet the root system. The width and height of the pot should be about the same, so that the roots do not grow extremely.
Pests : Affected by spider mites (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stalks are woven over the web) with thrips (grayish dots appear on the leaves), aphids (sticky secretions form on the tops of the shoots, buds), whiteflies (whitish or yellowish spots appear on the underside of leaves) , mealybugs (covered with snow-white vatoobrazny fuzz).
The plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water, warm washing and spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Saintpaulia - Chimera
Saintpaulia - bell
sheet boy at saintpaulia
sheet girl at saintpaulia