smithiantha / smithiantha
Belongs to the Gesneriaceae family. Homeland - Central and South America.
General description : Smitianta grows better in the greenhouse than in the upper room.
The least demanding type of Smithiantha hybrida (Smithyanta hybrid). This is a perennial herbaceous bush 30-40 cm tall, with pubescent leaves of a heart-shaped shape with serrated edges. The leaf paint is emerald with brown spots. Drooping bell-shaped flowers up to 5 cm long rise on long peduncles. Coloring is orange-pink or yellow-pink.
The initial appearance of Smithiantha zebrina (Striped Smithyantha) is larger (50-60 cm tall) and brighter in the color of leaves and flowers. It blooms in summer and autumn.
For the winter, the smitiant discards leaves, which distinguishes it from a colony similar to it; it needs to ensure an unmistakable rest period.
Recommendations for the care of the Smithyant plant:
Illumination : Photophilous, shading is needed only in the summer afternoon.
Irrigation regime : Abundant in the period of growth, in the period of inaction, do not water at all, watering resume with the source of growth.
Humidity : Loves high humidity, but does not adore spraying. It is better to spray the atmosphere around the plant and arrange containers with water.
Humidity is similarly maintained by placing pots on a pallet with pebbles or expanded clay, which is non-stop wetted.
Temperature : In summer, it is optimal 20-25 ° C, the winter period of inactivity at 16 ° C, at least 13 ° C.
Soil : Recommended soil hash: 3 elements of turf, 1 share of coniferous, 1 share of peat land, 2 elements of leaf and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs to be fed once a week with fertilizer for flowering plants.
Dilution : At the end of winter, pieces of rhizome (2-3 pieces) are horizontally placed in a pot to a depth of 2 cm. In the spring, leafy cuttings are rooted.
Transplant : In the spring, annually. The root system is superficial, so the pot is forced to be wide, but not deep.
Pests : Affected by a spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, leaves and stems are braided by cobwebs), scabies (brown plaques appear on leaves and stems leaving sticky secretions), thrips (grayish dots appear on leaves), aphids (form sticky secretions on tops of shoots, buds), whiteflies (whitish or yellowish spots appear on the underside of the leaves), mealybugs (covered with a snow-white cotton-like fluff).
The plant is allowed to help finish with soapy water, warm washing and spraying with Actellik (1-2 ml per liter of water).
Smithyanth Striped - smithiantha zebrina
Smithyant hybrid - smithiantha hybrida