nightshade / solanum
Belongs to the family Solanaceae. Homeland - South America.
General description : Nightshade blooms in the summer with small star-shaped flowers, on the premises of which then poisonous round berries of scarlet or orange color are formed. With good care, the berries are kept for many months and bright nightshade usually decorates the room at Christmas and can maintain its decorative effect until February.
Usually bred pair nightshade:
Solanum capsicastrum (Pascacea percyoid) is an evergreen shrub up to 1 m in height, with pubescent stems and lanceolate dark green leaves with a wavy margin.
Solanum pseudocapsicum (False saddleberry) is similar to the previous species, but its berries are larger, the leaves are shorter, only the stems are smooth. In general, the plant is brighter.
There are dwarf forms of nightshade up to 30 cm.
In the spring, the nightshade is pruned before transplanting, only in the autumn they are made to be picked.
Nightshade - quite unpretentious plant.
Recommendations for the care of the Nightshade:
Illumination : Light-loving, shading is needed only in the summer afternoon.
Irrigation mode : Abundant in the period of growth, outlandish in winter.
Humidity : Needs regular spraying.
The humidity of the air seems to be maintained by placing the pots on a tray with pebbles or expanded clay, which is continuously moistened.
In the summer it is better to place on a fresh atmosphere (in the park or on the balcony).
Temperature condition : Moderate, optimally 20 ° С, in winter cool 12-14 ° С, not lower than 10 ° С.
Soil : Requires benign drainage. You can add petty gravel or expanded clay.
Recommended soil hash: 2 clay-sod elements, 2 humus elements, 1 share of leafy soil and 1 share of sand.
During the growth period, it needs fertilizing once a week with fertilizer for flowering plants ("Giant", Rainbow "" Ideal ", etc.) or a special fertilizer for tomatoes.
Breeding : Seeds and stem cuttings in spring.
Transplant : Every year in February, after the berries fall.
Pests : Affected by the scarlet spider mite (in a dry atmosphere, the leaves and stems are woven over with a spider web), aphids (form sticky discharges on the tips of the shoots, buds), whiteflies (whitish or yellowish spots appear on the underside of the leaves).
With a small infection, the plant is allowed to help trimming with soapy water and warm washing.
In case of severe injury, spraying with an insecticide solution (actellic, decis, fitoverm, etc.) is recommended.
false-translucent solanum - solanum pseudocapsicum
solanum - solanum capsicastrum