zamiokulkas / zamioculcas
It belongs to the aroid family. Fatherland - oh. Madagascar.
General description: A large evergreen. Glossy fleshy dark green leaves, pointed at the ends. On the stem grow alternately, symmetrically. Tuberous roots. White flowers on the cob. Unpretentious enough for indoor breeding, it can grow up to 1.5 m.
Recommendations for the care of the plant Zamioculcas
Illumination: Light-loving, but preferred diffused light. In the summer it is better to place it on the balcony or in the garden, in the winter - closer to the window. From the flaw of light, the stems are drawn out, the leaves shrink and thin. Direct sunlight is similarly undesirable; burns may occur on the leaves.
Watering: Excess moisture is dangerous, the stems and roots rot, which can lead to the death of the plant. Therefore, it is necessary to water moderately even in the warm season, in the winter - rarely, to the measure of drying out of the earth.
Humidity: Spraying does not require, periodic washing of the leaves is useful.
Temperature : Moderate, in winter 12-18 o C.
Soil: Does not tolerate heavy clay soils, requires benign drainage. Young plants are recommended to plant in the following soil hodgepodge: take in equal proportions turf, leaf soil, peat and sand, add a little humus. In the warm season of the year (from April to August), feedings are needed once every two weeks. Suitable fertilizer for succulents and cacti.
Reproduction: Best split by splitting bushes, but allowed to use similar cuttings and leaves. In this case, phytohormones and soil heating are used for successful root formation. It is advisable to slightly dry the leaf before planting. Rooting long.
Transplantation: It is very important that the pot is in proportion with the root system, therefore the zamiokulkas are transplanted every year (old plants once every couple years) in the spring.
Pests : May be affected by spider mites. At the same time, a spider web appears on the stem, the leaves dry out. The reason is extremely low atmospheric humidity. In case of weak damage, it is enough to treat the plant with a soapy sponge and wash with warm water. In more serious cases, spraying actellic (1-2 ml per liter of water) is used.
Sometimes aphids can be affected, especially in summer, in a fresh atmosphere. Damaged leaves and the tops of the shoots discolor and dry. It is necessary to spray with pesticides (intair, derris, aktellik, fitoverm, etc.)
Zamioculcas - Zamioculcas