Burning Man Festival
"Burning Man" (Eng.) (Literally translated - "burning man") - an annual eight-day event taking place in the Black Rock Desert (Eng. Black Rock Desert) (USA, Nevada). The festival begins on the last Monday of August, at zero hours one minute. The last day falls on Labor Day, an official holiday celebrated in the USA on the first Monday of September, a day off for most organizations. The climax takes place on Saturday after sunset, when a huge wooden statue of a man is burned.
It all started in 1986, when several friends burned a 9-foot wooden human figure. This spontaneous action has become a tradition and has gained momentum. The festival has become the main creative attraction of Nevada, a place where you can touch art and freedom on your own.
During the festival, money circulation and transportation are completely prohibited on its territory - bicycles and mobile installations are the exception. After graduation, nothing should remain on the territory that would remind of him. Participants argue that there is no close event in the world on energy.
The organizers themselves define the event as an experiment to create a community of radical self-expression, while relying entirely on themselves (English radical self-expression, and radical self-reliance). For a week in the desert, works of contemporary art, often of fantastic shapes, are set. Some of them are burned by the creators before the end of "Burning Man". Hundreds of "mutated" vehicles (Eng. Mutant vehicles) of the most incredible appearance drive there, many participants go in costumes of characters of art, animals, objects and so on. Artists who came to the desert give performances, various dances are popular.
DJs work on several dance floors around the clock. At the same time, each participant is responsible for his life support (food, water, protection from heat, wind, cold, a place to sleep, etc.) and cleaning the desert from any signs of his stay; all this must be taken care of in advance.
Burning a wooden figure symbolizing a person at the Burning Man festival
The first burning of a small wooden man was in 1986, then still on one of the beaches of San Francisco, by a small group of friends. Subsequently, the circle of participants expanded and moved to its current place in the desert in Nevada. In 2015, 70 thousand people participated in the festival.
Attendance as an observer is not approved
The Burning Man festival does not have one dedicated goal. To a greater extent, the festival is created by the burners themselves (English burners) - ordinary participants who are encouraged to express community, art (in the form of so-called installations), absurdity, decommodification (English decommodification) and general fun. The organizers call for active participation in the festival, attending the event as an observer is not approved.
10 basic principles are declared:
- Radical inclusion
- Radical self-sufficiency
- Radical expression
- Community efforts
- Do Not Leave a Trail
- Here and now
In 2013, for the first time in the history of the festival, a creative group from Russia received a grant for the construction of an art object. The team, mainly consisting of the builders of the festival “Empty Hills”, built the installation “Cradle of MIR” (“Cradle of the World”), which became one of the key objects of Burning Man - 2013.
Satellite image of the festival area in 2005
|Year||Topic||Number of participants|
|1989||no subject||> 300|
|1993||no subject||1 thousand|
|1994||no subject||2 thousand|
|1995||Good and Evil ( Good and Evil )||4 thousand|
|1996||The Inferno ( Inferno )||8 thousand|
|1997||Fertility ( Fertility )||10 thousand|
|1998||Nebulous Entity||15 thousand|
|1999||Wheel of Time||23 thousand|
|2001||Seven Ages ( Seven Centuries )||25,659|
|2002||The Floating World||28 979|
|2003||Beyond Belief ( Beyond Faith )||30,586|
|2004||The Vault of Heaven ( Sky )||35,664|
|2005|| Psyche - The Conscious, Subconscious & Unconscious
( Mind - Conscious, Subconscious and Unconscious )
|2006||Hope and Fear: The Future ( Hope and Fear: Future )||38 989|
|2007||The Green Man||47,366|
|2010||Metropolis ( Capital )||50 504|
|2011||Rites of Passage ( Rites )||53 963|
|2012||Fertility 2.0 ( Fertility 2.0 )||52,385|
|2014||Caravansary ( Caravanserai )||65,000|
|2015||Carnival of Mirrors||70,000|
Tens of thousands of diverse artists come from the world of round-the-clock performances, installations and nomad galleries, from ordinary artists and musicians to avant-garde designers, sculptors and experimental architects. And they all look very unusual.
Burning Man cannot be imagined without his fantastic sculptures, which line up before the start of the festival in the territory allotted for action. Each sculpture is symbolic and reflects the spirit of the holiday itself. But everything is inconsistent, therefore, without exception, all works of art are burned for processions, concerts of famous musicians and DJs.