Burning Man Festival
“Burning Man” (English) (literally, “burning man”) is an annual eight-day event that takes place in the Black Rock Desert (Black Rock Desert) (USA, Nevada). The festival begins on the last Monday of August, at zero o'clock one minute. The last day falls on Labor Day, an official holiday celebrated in the United States on the first Monday of September, a day off for most organizations. The climax occurs on Saturday after sunset, when a huge wooden statue of a man is burned.
It all started in 1986, when several friends burned down a 9-foot wooden human figure. This spontaneous act has become a tradition and has gained scope. The festival has become the main artistic attraction of Nevada, a place where you can independently touch art and freedom.
During the festival, circulation of money is completely prohibited on its territory, as well as movement in public transport - except for bicycles and mobile installations. After the termination in the territory there should not remain anything that would remind of it. Participants argue that there is no close event in the world for energy.
The organizers themselves define the event as an experiment to create a radical self-expression community, while relying solely on themselves (eng. Radical self-expression, and radical self-reliance). For a week in the desert are established works of modern art, often fantastic forms. Some of them are burned by the creators before the end of "Burning Man". There drive hundreds of "mutated" cars (eng. Mutant vehicles) of the most incredible appearance, many participants go in costumes of characters of art, animals, objects, and so on. Artists who come to the desert give performances, various dances are popular.
DJs work on several dance floors around the clock. At the same time, each participant is responsible for his life support (food, water, protection from heat, wind, cold, place to sleep, etc.) and cleaning the desert from any traces of his stay; all this must be taken care of in advance.
Burning a wooden figure symbolizing a man at the Burning Man festival
The first burning of a small wooden man was in 1986, then on one of the beaches of San Francisco, a small group of friends. Subsequently, the circle of participants expanded and moved to its present location in the desert in the state of Nevada. In 2015, 70 thousand people participated in the festival.
Principles of the festival
Visiting the event as an observer is not approved.
The Burning Man festival does not have one dedicated goal of its conduct. To a greater extent, the festival is created by the burners themselves (English burners) - ordinary participants who are called upon to express community, art (in the form of so-called installations), absurdity, decommodification (English decommodification) and general fun. The organizers call for active participation in the festival, attending the event as an observer is not approved.
Declared 10 basic principles:
- Radical inclusion
- Gift giving
- Radical self sufficiency
- Radical expression
- Community efforts
- A responsibility
- Do not leave a trace
- Here and now
In 2013, for the first time in the history of the festival, a creative group from Russia received a grant for the construction of an art object. The team, mainly consisting of the builders of the “Empty Hills” festival, built the installation “Cradle of MIR” (“The Cradle of the World”), which became one of the key objects of Burning Man - 2013.
Satellite image of the festival territory in 2005
|Year||Theme||Number of participants|
|1989||no subject||> 300|
|1993||no subject||1 thousand|
|1994||no subject||2 thous.|
|1995||Good and Evil ( Good and Evil )||4 thousand|
|1996||The Inferno||8 thousand|
|1998||Nebulous Entity||15 thousand|
|1999||Wheel of Time ( Wheel of Time )||23 thousand|
|2001||Seven Ages ( Seven Ages )||25,659|
|2002||The Floating World ( Floating World )||28,979|
|2003||Beyond Belief (Beyond Belief)||30,586|
|2004||The Vault of Heaven||35,664|
|2005|| Psyche - The Conscious, Subconscious & Unconscious
( Mind - Conscious, Subconscious and Unconscious )
|2006||Hope and Fear: The Future ( Hope and Fear: Future )||38,989|
|2007||The Green Man ( Green Man )||47 366|
|2008||American Dream ( American Dream )||49 599|
|2010||Metropolis ( Capital )||50 504|
|2011||Rites of Passage ( Rites )||53 963|
|2012||Fertility 2.0 ( Fertility 2.0 )||52 385|
|2013||Cargo Cult (Cargo Cult)||68,000|
|2014||Caravansary ( Caravanserai )||65,000|
|2015||Carnival of Mirrors||70,000|
Tens of thousands of representatives of the diverse arts, from ordinary artists and musicians to avant-garde designers, sculptors and experimental architects, gather in the world of round-the-clock performances, installations and nomadic galleries. And they all look very unusual.
Burning Man can not be imagined without his fantastic sculptures, which are lined up before the festival in the territory set aside for action. Each sculpture is symbolic and reflects the spirit of the holiday itself. But everything is inconstant, therefore, without exception, works of art are burned for processions, concerts of famous musicians and DJs.