What did the children have fun in the USSR?
Attributes of a happy childhood, for which you could get around the neck from adults.
Photographer Alexei Marakhovets collected everything, without which it is impossible to imagine the most cheerful and dangerous childhood of a Soviet boy. "I was not some notorious hooligan, homeless or puny. But, when I remember what we were doing in the yard, sometimes I feel a little uneasy. Our abilities could be envied by a real extremist, "Alexei recalls.
The children of my generation did not have computers, and that's it. Yes, we did not know Kontra, did not know Warcraft, did not know Gay Farm. All our entertainment was stored in the hiding places of the house, in the courtyard, in the bedside tables and on the mezzanines, on the balcony and in the garage (who he was). And now I'm saying with great confidence - my childhood was much more interesting and saturated without a computer.
Slingshot, Spatula, Darts, Boomerang, Pitfire or Piglet, Smokehouse, Flamethrower, Silithra, Jumping matchbox, Knives, Gunpowder "Semydyrka", Lead, Carbide, Magnesium, Slate in the fire, Shotguns and Pugachets, Bombs, Keychain, Lamps and kinescopes, Canisters for siphon, Flying bolt, Dowels, Children's pugach, May beetles, Chasiki (drones) on a leash, Pistons, Sleeves, Assembly cartridges, Condensers, Pistol, Bow, Shmargalka, Peace, Cherkash on a shoe, Magnifying glass .
Who remembers self-made slingshots? They were of two types: classic and keyed. The classic ones were cut from a thick branch of a hazel grove with a fork, a wide gray tourniquet was bought in the pharmacy, a piece of skin was obtained (you could have secretly cut out houses from the road bag and lay them on your sister) and everything was fastened with copper wire or blue tape.
Charged with such a slingshot smooth pebbles, which are often brought to yards along with sand, or immature berries such as mountain ash, plum or cherry, which was growing beyond the house. Sometimes the power of the shot was enough for a stone to smash a bottle of champagne from three meters. Such a slingshot was valued for the reason that not everyone had the skills and resources to create it. It could be changed to other valuables such as liners from Turbo, CinCin and Final90.
Walking and having nothing to do, you could make a slingshot simpler - a keyway. To do this, the dump had to find a thick aluminum wire in braid and find a flagellum. With the latter there were no problems - it was easily extracted from the elastic band of panties. The newer the panties, the better the flagella. I shot such a slingshot with dowels-pieces of copper or aluminum wire bent into a horseshoe. Harm she did not do much, but pigeons and cats were okay. Sometimes this slingshot became the last argument in the yard fights - on thigh burned it cool! Basically, they shot just into the air, enjoying the sound of a flying key. Such a slingshot was going for one day and in the evening, as a rule, the friend blended for "driving on the bike".
What do you think, what is a sicle? Something from the word "sika". And there is. This is a popular weapon of the near yard water "battle" before the era of the appearance of disposable syringes in pharmacies.
The sword was made from an empty vial of shampoo or a liter plastic bottle of "Belizny." In the cork, a hot nail was made on the plate and a half of the ballpoint pen without a rod was inserted there. All this was sealed with mastic or plasticine. The bottle was poured with water (for the first time at home, after - from the pipe under the balcony) and splashed into the opponent. This was an alternative to an expensive and scarce water pistol. By the way, it was very cool to quench thirst from the sicle.
The game "Darts" did not play only lazy. We, too, loved to throw darts in our childhood. Yes, that's just not selling them or they cost a lot of money. Therefore almost any boy in our yard could make it himself. Dart by its flying and stuck-in qualities turned out not worse than the factory one.
A sheet of paper, 4 matches, a needle, a clerical glue and a thread. On the wall carpet they hung a homemade target from a sheet of paper and played.
One day, my friend and I played darts at my house and quarreled. He threw the dart at me with anger and thrust it into my hand, and I hit him in the stomach in revenge.
On the street, darts from welding electrodes were made. One end was sharpened on the curbstone, and pigeons feathered on the other. Threw in the wooden doors and trees.
Yes, yes, it is now easy to buy a boomerang of any form in the store. And in the late 80's nothing like this was not sold. We got out of the situation in the following way: we bought two 30-cm wooden rulers in the stationery and twisted them with an electrical tape, and then the blades were twisted above the steam.
It turned out an excellent boomerang, which even knew how to return! They, again, frightened crows and pigeons. And they also started from the ninth floor, where I lived all my childhood.
Pivot tube or nonsense
Another inalienable attribute of the boy was a metal tube for spitting plasticine or mastic balls. It was very difficult to get such a tube, and it was highly appreciated in the courtyard. Directly on the tube a large stock of mastic or plasticine was molded, from which a piece was plucked and charged into the tube. In addition to moral damage, this spit did not do anything to its victim. Later, the tube was replaced by an empty rod from the gel pen, and clay - on millet or buckwheat.
Only our generation knows the connection between a child's tumbler or a tennis ball, and this:
But we know what will happen if pieces of this special, magical, plastic wrap in a foil or newspaper, set on fire and put out. How many nerves was spent by uncles in the garages, when a miracle arrived from the roof to them.
In the process of watching feature films with the participation of Schwartz and Stallone, we did not cease to furiously envy a wide variety of enemy annihilation techniques.
By virtue of our age, we were not very interested in the moral aspect, such as the death of the innocent, but the wall of napalm was wildly enthralled.
It's all clear, right? A chemist's jar with a plastic cap cap, two metal tubes, the left one is lined with a tube from a dropper or a gastric tube. In it it is necessary to blow. Pairs of acetone are pushed to the right. If you bring a fire, then, as long as you have enough air in the lungs, a beautiful directed flame will stick out of the tube. Good for making a commotion in the ant tracks in the trees.
We stole silithin at the factory, drank newspapers in it, dried it, wrapped it with tape, leaving one tip, it was set on fire, it flew pretty well, and where it wanted. She also smoked very well and we tied her to the bicycle.
The box of the matchbox is tied twice with a thread across. Thread tightly tied on the edge between the bottom and the side wall. In the middle of the box, insert a match between the threads and rotate it several times near the axis formed by the threads until a match, released at one end of the box, due to the elasticity of the tensioned and twisted threads, will not forcefully hit with its long end against the opposite edge of the box.
Now lead it to the position of maximum stress and parallel to it insert between the bottom of the box and the thread another match so that both matches are equally protruding over the edge of the box. Then both matches are connected by a piece of paper so that the first match remaining in a stressed state can not bounce back.
Prepared in this way the box, put the bottom up and set fire to the paper. As soon as the flame reaches one of the holes in the paper, the whole system flies up instantly.
In my opinion, every boy in his childhood had such a folding knife. This has always been a matter of pride. He carefully kept away from my mother's eyes and was not often taken out into the street. The knife was always in the sand, remember? And all because he was just a tool for playing "Knives".
There were a lot of options for the game, but most often they played in "Zemelka", "Tanchiki". Each game had a lot of varieties. For example, "Zemelka": draw a circle, divided it equally into the number of participants. Everyone got up on his plot. Then they put a knife into the enemy's site and cut it off from the ground in a piece. "Karant" (not stuck) - the move went to another. And by one rule it was necessary to stand all the time on your land as long as you can. On the other - you could stand outside, but in case of a catastrophic reduction of your site, the enemy offered you to stand for three seconds on it. If you can not resist - you're out. You could stand even on tiptoe of one leg - the main thing is to hold out for three seconds.
More interesting and long was the game in "Tanchiki". I will not remember its rules, but here's the shape of the knife - remember what kind of tank was put in this way?
We extracted it near the Zavolzhsky dump, that in the area of the Red Jar, near the sewage treatment plants. Valiant military from the arsenal threw these yellow things out of the open sky, which we collected. And one day we brought sand to the yard. Not just sand, but with tubular powder. Of course, his concentration was small, but if desired, you could collect a handful of gunpowder in 15 minutes. Apparently, the kamazist decided not to bother with the sand and scooped it in the landfill area. Therefore, to go to the dump for a good ten kilometers we no longer needed - the arsenal appeared right under the windows.
What did we do with it? Yes, a lot of things: wrapped in foil and put on other "seven-hole", set on fire, and gunpowder in foil turned into a rocket. They just burned, made wicks for explosives and so on.
How much in this word for the child's heart has merged ... And merged in the literal sense of the word. Remember how you scoured along the garages, searched the car dump trucks in search of old batteries? They split them and extracted pure lead, beat out the dried electrolyte and crushed the soft metal into a tin can or in a bowl, built a fire and waited for the liquid metal to flash in the jar. And then they poured it into a mold made of clay and did everything that the soul wished. From brass knuckles to toys and trinkets.
This is dangerous, and you can get poisoned by breathing in pairs of lead, especially if you melt it at home.
Who remembers the magic stones with a peculiar smell that bubble in the water? Carbide is a joy to find it for the whole day! Caring gas welders shook it out of their tanks right where they worked. Often in the courtyard of the house.
And in a handful of useless white trimmings it was necessary to find several strong pebbles of calcium carbide! When combined with water, he reacted and isolated a remarkable gas - acetylene. It is remarkable because it burns well.
In what kind of form did not use carbide. And they just threw it in a puddle, setting it on fire. And they warmed their hands, squeezing carbide in a palm submerged in a puddle. And put it in bottles of water, stopping the cork ... But the most effective use of carbide was a hand gun.
They took an empty can from the deodorant or Dichlophos, cut off his neck, made a hole at the bottom, put carbide inside, spat on him, stuffed all the holes, shook the minute, opened it and brought the burning match to a small hole - a volley!
My older brother told me that in his childhood they whistled a whole carbide balloon and poured it into a drainage well with water. They closed the heavy lid with a hole and waited half an hour. Then one boy brought a match to the hole. There was such an explosion that knocked out several windows in the next house, the lid flew up, hitting the guy first on the chin, and then covering it a bit at the fall. But the worst thing - he got severe burns to his face, the scars from which remained for life - I saw his photo in adulthood.
Powdered magnesium powder was mixed in a certain proportion with potassium permanganate, which cost a penny in the pharmacy, and wrapped in a tight paper bag, wrapping it with a sticky tape.
We made a hole and fastened a match to it, so that the sulfur head was exactly in the hole. It turned out something like the one in the picture.
They scratched a match about the boxes and sharply threw them aside. The package, with a deafening noise and a bright flash, exploded.
I also liked to arrange different experiments with magnesium at home. For example, he put it in acetic acid and collected in a jar bubbles of hydrogen. And then, with a match, this hydrogen was set on fire. He burned with a sonorous sound. Or he lit powdered magnesium on the tip of the knife and quickly threw it into the water. Magnesium hydroxide, as a result of a violent reaction with combustion, was driven up to the ceiling and fell from there as white flakes, like snow. By the way, never try to extinguish burning magnesium or titanium water - there will be an explosion of hydrogen.
In our aviation capital (Ulyanovsk) in the 90s it was easy to find magnesium. It was enough to find an airfield dump or saw off a piece of rim from a plane-monument, which in the new city was several. Once, one such landfill was burnt and magnesium ceased to be thrown out of the plant - everything was strictly registered. Saw magnesium was difficult - it took a hell of a lot of time. But the end justified the means.
Slate in the fire
I think you can easily remember what happens to a slate in a fire. That's right, nothing good - he shoots hard. Pieces. Yes, sometimes so that from the original fire there was not much left.
The shooting slate just scattered it in the sides. For the joy of us.
Shotguns and Pugachi
From a simple stick or clothespin, a match-shot or a pugach was easily assembled. They fired with burning matches.
This was the lowest link in small arms of Soviet schoolchildren. It was made a pea-bullet like this: to the bar, insulating tape, a wooden clothescloth was fastened, others were not there then.
To the other end of the strap was fastened "elastic band of panties" underwear elastic band, zigzag stitched with thread, everything. We take a pea, we put in an elastic band and we pin in a clothespin - the weapon is ready to fight. Instead of a pea, small stones were used.
A tube from the fountain pen was attached to the wooden strap of the tape, half a vial from the fountain pen was clamped, like a "crocodile". A ring of aviation rubber was attached to the front of the strap.
Now the ampoule itself, the upper part of it was cut to a depth of 5 mm, in the lower part, instead of the rod, a large needle was inserted (so the gun was very dangerous, with a range of 10 meters, it was very dangerous for the eyes).
Used such a shot, as a rule, in winter, indoors. They fired at matchboxes or any other targets, thanks to a needle the arrow met in any surface.
Very common weapon. The most important detail was a wooden gun. They valued the gun very much, because to cut out a gun even with the tools for a child is not a matter of five minutes, it took half a day, or even all day.
Happiness to the one whose father helped to make a gun, usually such guns had rounded shapes like real ones. For reliable fixation of the staples, it was recommended to nail a piece of sandpaper to the skobotniku - this eliminated an accidental shot and allowed to run with a gun.
Elastic bands for the staplers were a separate topic. In stores in those days there were no rubber bands, and we ran to warehouses where cement was unloaded, gauze bandages with elastic bands were given there. The used bandages were torn for gas masks.
Usually they went there once a month, the road was long and the danger of being caught by the parents became ever closer.
The figure shows that I used the same gun as for the bracket. In life, too, so often happened, the next step in the evolution of the "skobochnik" became the transformation into an "air".
There are many reasons for that: finding a decent board was problematic, for this purpose we went to warehouses or warehouses, where, if lucky, there is a package from something of wood with boards of the correct width.
The pump was usually used from its bicycle with modifications. Variable fashion then raised pistons from felt, then returned to standard leather pistons.
Any attempt to wedge in the process of creating a windmill adult ended in a complete and devastating fiasco. The trunks screwed by adults on the thread, for some reason, always shot worse than pasted on children's insulating plastiline snot. Pistons made by adult duralumin turners, with rubber sealing rings, led to seizing in the cylinder and always lost in performance the old cut out of the felt boots pistons, nailed to a wooden bar and impregnated with oil.
They shot such guns with plasticine or potatoes, a plasticine charge reinforced with a shot or a ball from the bearing had a significant damaging force and could kill a pigeon at a considerable distance.
As a child, we already used condoms with might and main. Only not for the purpose. Those who lived higher, periodically "bathed" passers-by, throwing on them huge balls of water, a liter of three or four. Particularly frostbitten added there manganese.
I remember doing this on a rope hung and walked around twisted by them)))) Rings from bottles were in short supply
Lamps and tube tubes
It was a sin not to break the fluorescent light bulb emitted into the trash. They crashed with a loud pop, if you throw the lamp on the asphalt end. On the environment then did not think.
But the find of the whole kinescope in the trash was extremely rare and always brought great joy to the boys.
Cast lots, who will first throw a brick in the upper lamp (beam tube gun). It was the most vulnerable place of the kinescope. When the lamp was broken - the picture tube collapsed because of the internal vacuum with a very deaf cotton, echoing in the courtyards. Neighboring boys immediately ran to look at this action. But more often we found the kinescope already with a broken lamp.
The used cans for gassing machines (siphons) also sometimes went into action. They were stuffed with gray from matches and covered the hole with a bolt. Then the hellish device was thrown into the fire.
I must say that this thing was the most dangerous invention of domestic boys. Once all the pupils of our school were removed from the lessons and sent to the funeral of a sixth grader who was injured by a splinter of a canister with a carotid artery. The ambulance did not have time to arrive.
And the other comrade was left without two fingers, when he grind the stuffed balloon on an electric grinding wheel. Personally, I never did such a balloon, and I absolutely do not advise others.
An easier way to make a "buh" was twisting out of two bolts and a nut, attached to this whole package as a stabilizer. I also did such a thing, but without the package. Just throwing on the asphalt. And he ended up with a fragmentation wound of his finger ... In the CGB, they did a mini-operation without the knowledge of their mother. She was already much later found a hidden extract from the emergency room about the fragmentation wound. There was a shock.
The dowel was pounded with bricks into the asphalt, taken out, crumbed into the hole of sulfur from the match, inserted a dowel and threw a brick on top.
Buch! and a piece of asphalt as it never happened ...
Matches cost 1 kopek for boxes and were freely bought in the store, and the dowel was easily kept by the father in the bins
Handle of wrenches
They were also fucked up with such things ... in general, there were such ballpoint pens - with a thick metal rod. Here from such a rod, the whole paste was blown off, then the resulting tube was washed, dried, wrapped and flattened from one end, fitted out in gray. From the open end, a nail was inserted into it.
For this we need the following: Bicycle bicycle with an old bicycle, a ray of the brand "Ukraine", two caps from the fastening of the spoke and rim! Another carnation is so along the diameter of the hole of the fastening of the cap's needle, thin, strong, the ray is insulated, a small wire, and our gunpowder! Sulfur from ordinary matches!
Work: The bicycle knitting needle is bent from two sides, so that the bent part with the handle of the side of the floor turns out, and from the side of the bicycle fastening of the knitting needle, so that our thread is in the vertical position! Then, on the thread of the knitting needle, wind the fastening of the knitting needle to the rim! Let me remind you: we need two of this detail, we fix one part to the top with the lower part, and the other as usual, so that the hole is on top!
We fix our wire to the handle of the knitting needle, and the other part to the carnation: firmly, so as not to drive! Sulfur from matches we hammer into the hole of the cap and lightly press a nail into it! A little effort, punch the nail against any hard surface, and a shot occurs! That's how to reload and the next shot! If you do everything neatly and wisely - injuries are excluded!
We began to search for May beetles in April. We went into the forest and dug them with a shovel from the ground. May beetles were very valuable in the yard, while they were still alive. They filled their full banks. And even distinguished them by the color of the head: red - firefighters, black - workers. There were also a greenish shade - border guards. Long mustache is male, short - female. Once in the courtyard there was a rumor that in the drugstore they take for money the lobes of beetles. I will not continue further, it could be called genocide. In the end, the wings were not accepted.
Hours (drones) on a leash
In my childhood I was caught by a drones, tied to a string and they flew on a string (controlled own bugs) then of course released.
Who had a revolver that shot such pistons?
But it was more interesting to strike at the brown spots with something sharp and watch them ignite.
Or even more interesting: roll a roll of stripes and shuffle it with a hammer. Ringing in the ears for 10 minutes was provided.
Empty cartridge cases also came into play. They were stuffed with gray from matches, bent the neck and into the fire. Personally, I made a rasprodzhennem and refueled the casings with gasoline for lighters.
Bakhalo is not so strong, but effective. Instead of gasoline, it was possible to fill diesel fuel, which easily merged from the tinder colliders.
Or even more interesting: roll a roll of stripes and shuffle it with a hammer.
Occasionally, someone had such construction ammunition, which was loaded into a construction gun for clogging dowels.
Also went to the fire. But it was more interesting to wrap them with a thick wire, and holding the long end of it with a capsule knocking on the corner of the transformer box.
The patron babahal and unfolded a "rose".
At children who were engaged in biathlon, houses sometimes were here such cartridges from "мелкашки". Of these, just removed gunpowder, good bullet easily removed pliers (idiots were the same).
Capacitive capacitors from the TV (from 2000 mkf, 100-300V) were charged from the 220v socket and used as an electric shocker for comrades ...
In the fifth grade, the school was overwhelmed by a craze for radio components. Capacitive capacitors from the TV (2000 Mkf, 100-300V) were charged from a 220-volt socket and were used as an electric shock for comrades.
Smaller parts, such as resistors and diodes, were clogged with a textbook into a socket, which led to a normal such explosion with a sheaf of sparks.
Yet there were also legal weapons of factory production. Remember what he shot?
Onions, usually, we made from branches of a tree karagach (birch bark) not very thick, that well sprung.
Arrows for onions were made from dry reed stems, loading them with a metal nail in front. The tie was made from a thick underwear rope.
The arrow released from such bow vertically upward, rose so high that it disappeared from view.
This cannon was made from reed (queue), it was used as a rule in winter, because exactly at that time there was an approach on the ice to the longest reeds.
The tool is amazing simplicity, actually shmargalka - a meter stick of reed, in the last knee of which is carved a dead window.
If you insert a spear from the reed into this window with a thin side, then with certain skills it will not be difficult to send a spear 100-150 meters into the distance (the shmargalka extends the shoulder approximately by 1 meter).
Due to the natural trajectory caused by gravity, the spear lands at an angle of 30-45 degrees and as a rule sticks into the snow, accurately marking the place of fall.
The shmargalku itself was made with a knife in 2 minutes, another 5 minutes was required for the preparation of copies, a sharp blow to the shoe along the stalk, near the ground (ice), the spear from the reed was cut from the root, it was not very difficult to break it otherwise. And then the competition, from whom the spear will fly further.
From peaceful hobbies I remember the braids from the system and colored wire.
Cherkash on a shoe
The bonfire was a constant companion of the boy. It was easy to find a match, but from boxes with cherkashom - not always. They left the situation this way: they took the filter from the cigarette, put it on the butt of the sole, set it on fire and waited for it to melt a little. Then sharply applied the box to the brown side. The rough base adhered to the boot. So the "box" was always with him. True, it was necessary to update it periodically, since my mother scraped it off his shoes.
The magnifying glass was considered one of our main treasures - with the help of it it was possible to see a beetle, and to light a fire in sunny weather. The latter function was used much more often. The larger the magnifier, the more productive it is in this respect.