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Old Russian measures of length

Old Russian measures of length

The Russian system of measures is a system of measures traditionally used in Russia and in the Russian Empire. It was standardized on the basis of English measures by the imperial decree of 1835: an inch was entered, a line, a point, a foot, arshin equated to 28 inches, a sazhen to 7 feet, a number of obsolete measures (longitudinal with respect to the verst) were excluded. Later, the Russian system was replaced by the metric system of measures, which was approved for use in Russia (optional) according to the law of June 4, 1899. The use of the metric system of measures in the RSFSR was mandatory by decree of the Council of People's Commissars of the RSFSR of September 14, 1918, and in the USSR by a decision of the Council of Ministers of the USSR of July 21, 1925. Legalized basic relations between old Russian and metric measures: 1 arshin is 0.711200 meters, 1 pound is 0.40951241 kilograms.

Despite the lack of practical application, the names of Russian measures continue to be used in phraseological and historical research.

The measures and their values ​​are given in accordance with the Regulations on Measures and Weights (1899), unless otherwise indicated. Earlier values ​​of these units could differ from those given; so, for example, by a regulation of 1649 a verst was established in 1 thousand fathoms (surveyed) - approximately equal to 2.1336 km, whereas in the XIX century the verst was 500 fathoms; 656 and 875 fathoms were used and were used.

When listening to fairy tales, children often ask questions about the extent of their length. Now you know what to answer.