Genre (French genre, lat. Genus - genus, species) is a group of films, selected on the basis of similar features. The cinema genre system is not complete, it has no strict boundaries. The following are the main, most important genres of modern cinema. The definition of a work to a specific genre is conditional and ambiguous. This is confirmed by the examples of films of different genres I cited, some of which have been used more than once.
The 19th century gave mankind an amazing and wonderful cinema, which radically changed and continues to change a person, his mind and perception. It was a silent movie was a worthy start film fans. The cinema genres are diverse, but each of them is able to find its grateful viewer. The cinema industry has created real masterpieces for every taste, and it is impossible to refuse to view them.
The most popular movie genres include: Biography, Action, Gothic Romance, Western, Children's Film, Detective, Documentary, Drama, Historical Film, War Movie, Comedy, Crime, Melodrama, Mysticism, Soap Opera, Adventure Genre, Cartoons, Russian cinema, sports cinema, thriller, tragicomedy, post-apocalyptic, fantasmagoria, fantasy, horror, fantasy, erotic cinema.
Biography is a genre characterized by a greater focus on the personality and its inner world.
Action (English action movie, letters. Action movie) is a genre of cinematography, which focuses on fights, battles, chases, etc. Most of the militants illustrate the well-known thesis “good should be with fists”. Action films often have a high budget, replete with stunt tricks and special effects. Films of this genre often do not have a complex plot. The main character usually faces evil in its most obvious manifestation: corruption, terrorism, murder. Finding no other way out, the main character decides to resort to violence. As a result, dozens and sometimes hundreds of villains are destroyed. Happy end is an essential attribute of the action movie, evil must be punished.
Gothic novel (Gothic) (eng. The Gothic novel) is a romantic “black novel” in prose with elements of supernatural “horrors”, mysterious adventures, fantasy and mysticism (family curses and ghosts). Developed mainly in English literature. The name is from the architectural style of the Gothic (novels often unfold in the old Gothic castles).
Western is a genre of literature and cinema, which has arisen and is developing in the USA since the end of the 19th century. The action of westerns occurs, as the name suggests, in the Wild West (eng. West - west) at the end of the XIX century. The plots of westerns can be very different, but one thing unites them - the so-called “quick shot”. All, perhaps, at the mention of this word can recall such a picture: a dusty street, heat, sweat running down from his forehead ... two people come out into the street with glittering pistols on their hips ... Good fights against evil.
Children's cinema - this cinema was created for children, the main characters of such films are also children or heroes of various fairy tales who create a completely bright and clean atmosphere. Often in such films resort to performing dances or songs.
Detective (eng. Detective , from lat. Detego - I reveal, expose) is a predominantly literary and cinematic genre, whose works invariably contain illustrations of criminal acts, followed by an investigation and identification of those responsible. The conflict is based on the collision of justice with lawlessness, culminating in the victory of justice.
Documentary cinema (or non-fiction) is a genre of cinema. A documentary is a film based on the shooting of authentic events and faces. Reconstructions of authentic events do not apply to documentaries. The first documentary filming was made at the birth of cinema. The topic for documentaries is often interesting events, cultural phenomena, scientific facts and hypotheses, as well as famous people and communities. Masters of this type of filmmaking often rose to serious philosophical generalizations in their works. At present, documentary films are firmly established in the cinema of the whole world.
Drama is a literary and cinematic genre. The specifics of the genre are plot, conflict of action, the abundance of dialogues and monologues. Dramas depict mainly the private life of a person and his acute conflict with society. In this case, the emphasis is often placed on the universal contradictions embodied in the behavior and actions of specific characters. Tragedy is a subgenre of drama. It is also based on the clash of the individual with the world, society, fate, the struggle of strong characters and passions. But, unlike drama, tragedy usually ends with the death of the protagonist.
Historical film - films of this genre of cinema reconstruct historical events that actually took place. Historical films are usually high budget, with beautiful costumes and decorations, often with impressive extras.
A war film is a historical film that talks about the events of the past battle, war, military training, and reminds you of the fear of war.
Comedy is a genre of the film aimed at creating funny and silly situations, thereby encouraging viewers to laugh. This genre was created along with the main filmmakers, even in the period of black and white cinema.
Crime - films in this genre have a strongly pronounced meaning, most often in such films there is an internecine war of criminal groups, the suffering of the population from their activities and the suffering of people. The plot provides a large number of rules that are lined up in order to protect the group and the main character from the influence of the surrounding world.
Melodrama is a genre of fiction, theatrical art and cinema, whose works reveal the spiritual and sensual world of heroes in particularly vivid emotional situations based on contrasts: good and evil, love and hate, etc.
Mysticism is a genre of cinema in which there are images of supernatural phenomena and spiritual practice aimed at connecting with the other world and supernatural forces.
Soap opera is one of the genres of television series. It features a huge number of episodes and is often transmitted over the years.
Adventure genre - is a film in which a very twisted plot, which forces the main character to try to find a way out of various situations, showing his wit. According to the plot of the adventure film, to solve a puzzle, the hero needs to move from country to country, from city to city.
Cartoons - this is a children's illustrated movie. They create unprecedented worlds and heroes. In the fairy tale, of course, a happy ending happens, with good and evil heroes and an instructive storyline.
Russian cinema - this cinema is created by Russian actors and directors. Russian films describe our history and culture, the present and the past, especially our people and nations, their learning and morals. To date, Russian cinema is highly developed and produces pictures as not inferior to Hollywood.
Sports cinema - in this film there are elements of sports, the story tells the life and rivalry of athletes, all the details of personal life and preparations, disappointments and achievements of the goal. And also historical pictures about legendary sportsmen of the last century are shot.
Thriller (from the English. Thrill - thrill) - so called films, seeking to create the viewer a sense of intense emotion, excitement. The genre has no clear boundaries. Often thrillers include detective adventure films, the emphasis in which is shifted to prepare for some unique crime. Horror films are also often referred to as thrillers. The recognized master of thrillers is director Alfred Hitchcock.
Tragicomedy is a type of drama that combines tragedy and comedy.
Postapokaliptika is a science fiction genre in which action develops in a world that has survived a global catastrophe. Postapocalyptic is also called the creative style that brings the mood of desert, loneliness and horror in the images of aged and abandoned equipment or buildings. The plot can be built around the adventures of heroes in the world, in particular, a fairly common motive - the hero's journey in search of some "Holy Grail" - a place or object that will provide him with a long and comfortable life, will give the opportunity to save his own community, which is on the verge of death, or can help in the revival of the whole civilization. Sometimes the means and technologies that led to the catastrophe are considered forbidden in society, and the calm of such a pastoral society is undermined by young rebels who intend to revive the forbidden technology (already in the story of Babylonian "There is a hint of this development, the classic examples are“ Long Tomorrow ”by Lee Brackett and“ Abnormality ”by John Wyndham). Often in one work the apocalyptic is combined with postapocalyptics, the image of the disaster as such - with the image of its immediate consequences and its impact on the lives of survivors. Sometimes the narrative considers a slice of modern reality through the prism of the perception of distant generations. In the literature, this genre closely adjoins and sometimes mixes with cyberpunk. Postapocalyptic can also be called images of abandoned territories, stopped enterprises, “ghost towns”, which were built in the past and lived an active life, but due to various reasons left by the population - with dilapidated buildings, overgrown with grass, and worn rusty carcasses here and there and mechanisms. To this branch of the post-apocalyptics belong both the image of Krapivin's “deserted spaces” and the “Roadside Picnic” of the Strugatsky brothers.
Phantasmagoria is a fantastic performance, an obsession. Phantasmago? Sri in movies - subgenre fiction. Phantasmagoria in cinema is a film about something completely unreal, depicting bizarre visions, delusional fantasies. This genre has something in common with abstractionism in painting.
Fantasy - very similar to the fairy tale, which involves historical and mythical sources. Like, for example, Twilight. Saga. Dawn part 2. This genre is very similar to fiction, but it has one clear difference. Fantasy also has a separate world, but it exists in parallel with the real world.
Horror - (in popular speech horror; English horror film, horror movie) is very clear in its manifestation of the film genre, this film was created to evoke fear or anxiety in his watchman. While watching such a movie, the viewer is in suspense and expects that at any moment something can happen. A horror film is a feature film genre. Horror films include films that are designed to frighten the viewer, instill a sense of anxiety and fear, to create a tense atmosphere of horror or painful waiting for something terrible - so-called. effect “suspense” (from the English. suspense - uncertainty).
Science fiction (from the Greek. Phantastike - the art of imagining) - a type of fiction; its initial ideological and aesthetic attitude is the dictate of imagination over reality, generating the picture of the “miraculous world”, opposed to ordinary reality and habitual, everyday notions of likelihood.
Erotic cinema - such a film is allowed to be watched only by adults, children under 18 years of age are strictly prohibited to watch it The main essence of this film is the motivation of fantasy and sexual desire in the viewer. In such films you can see the beauty of naked bodies. Erotica is the art of transmitting sexual emotions. Eroticism is most often expressed with the help of visual arts, literature and songs. The behavior of the characters depicted in an erotic work can be associated with both a sincere, almost divine feeling of love, and with ordinary sexual lust. Unlike pornography, erotic does not emphasize the graphic details of the genitals and sexual intercourse. In eroticism there is often an element of incompleteness, incompleteness of the plot - the end of the portrayed love prelude, its detailing is left to the imagination of the viewer, reader or listener. Nevertheless, erotica sometimes excites the imagination more than pornography (see hypocrisy). Like pornography, erotica is often censored.