The best horror, the best horror movies, horror movies
Friday the 13th / Friday the 13th (1980)
Director: Sean S. Cunningham Cast: Betsy Palmer, Adrienne King, Jeannine Taylor
We can say that the series "Friday the 13th" is one of the most successful and long-lived series of films. In addition, this series had a huge impact on the genre of slashers, and the hockey mask of Jason became a real symbol. Needless to say, in the whole series, the actor's game tends to zero (as in many slashers in general), but it does not spoil the films, because it's not the game. The first eight parts were made by the company Paramount, and then sold all the rights of New Line Cinema, which now makes its second contribution to the series.
Released two years after the triumphant show of "Halloween", this film, being the most real ideological continuation of the brainchild of John Carpenter. And on a par with him and "Nightmare on Elm Street" became the progenitor of a truly cult series.
The working title of the film was "Long Night at Camp Blood", which more accurately describes what is happening in the film. Needless to say, this one-and-a-half-hour film will not seem to the modern viewer any special. Is that it is made better than a huge mass of slasher-imitators. After all, that's just the point, what exactly are imitators! And although looking closely, it is clear that the stories of "Friday" and the mass of subsequent films are almost identical, there is one significant difference - all the followers have not managed to copy the atmosphere created in "Friday".
This film created a peculiar tone that made viewers feel as if the maniac wants to kill themselves. But back to the story, which was created by writer Victor Miller. The film opens a scene in which a mysterious killer kills a couple, retired in the attic. Then the film is transferred to 11 years ahead - these days. However, to call these days our already somehow not a bit fair - it would be more correct to say in the late 70's. A summer camp was opened near Crystal Lake. And a group of guys arrive there in advance to prepare it for the opening and to accept the children having a rest. So did Annie (Robbie Morgan). By the way, she reached the nearest campus and met him in a strange old man on a bicycle - Crazy Ralph (Walt Gorney), who warned her with his sinister, hoarse voice that they would all die! By the way, Ralph and his warnings are pretty cute made - this is one of the most memorable scenes in the film. And, as it turned out, his words were prophetic. Annie did not even get to the camp.
And in the camp at the lake began to gather guys and girls. And the usual camp life was being brewed-the felling, cooking and fun. Only now, for all this, someone is not very friendly (if so you can christen a maniac, thirsty to cut your throat). The first half of the movie atmosphere is gradually pumped up, increasing the frequency and the proximity of this evil observation gradually. And then begins the massacre - an unknown maniac begins one by one (occasionally by two) to wet without any pity all those who came to the camp. And for each of them he chooses the most suitable moment and a clever way. The special effects made by Tom Savini, who later becomes a very significant person in the horror film, at that moment look simply phenomenal. And now looking at them you do not feel any discomfort (as sometimes happens when viewing old special effects). Everything looks very nice.
In total, 10 people will be killed in the film. And the most interesting is that it does not matter who the murderer is. The creators of the film found a unique intermediate form of the killer. For all slashers, there are two types of assassins - an immortal monster and "this is one of us", which turns the genre into either a ruby or a riddle with a mystery. Here there is an intermediate version - at first there seems to be a mystery - who does not know the killer, it's a man, but his face is not shown. But it turns out to be an outsider, and more specifically Mrs. Wuris. Since her first appearance on the screen and until the moment when it is revealed that all the murders of her hands are going on just a minute or two. So the identity of the murderer is not a matter of principle. I saw only one more film with a similar choice of killer - The last exam.
It turns out Mrs. Wuris (played by Betsy Palmer) takes revenge - eleven years ago her son Jason rested at this lake and because of the negligence of the watchers drowned. And at it the roof has moved down, therefore she also kills all inhabitants of ill-starred camp. And the only surviving girl, Alice (Adrienne King) starts feverishly to run away from the maniac, occasionally sending her into a knockdown and constantly not finishing off. And Mrs. Wuris persistently hunts for her last victim, and as a result, as expected, the battle loses. After that, Alice climbs into the boat, swims to the middle of the lake and falls into oblivion. When she wakes up in the morning and sees the police on the beach, she is suddenly pulled into the water by this very Jayson. My father still says, while looking at the horrors, "Now the boy Jayson will get out," and usually is right - his notorious "boy Jason" has become a household name for all sorts of maniacs and other creatures, suddenly popping around the corner. And although I seem to have opened the plot of the film to the very end, but I do not think that it can spoil the view of those who have not seen it yet. After all, the thrill of the film is not in intrigue, which actually is not present, but in tension, in the atmosphere, in murders, in the sounds of "chsh-chsh-chsh-ha-ha-ha", which became the brand name of the whole series.
Still it is necessary to tell and about a financial side of business. The budget of the film was 700 thousand dollars (this is certainly not the current seven hundred thousand, but also not too much). And in the film distribution the film earned 37 and a half million dollars. Such success simply obliged to create a sequel, especially as the plot of the film allowed it. A short dialogue at the end of the movie Alice: "And the boy is also dead?", The policeman: "What boy?", Alice "Boy ... Jason." Such a dialogue not just hinted, he just yelled that there will be a continuation, the main character of which will be already Jason. And the waiting was not mistaken. The truth is I do not think they could imagine that twenty years later the tenth film series will be created and Jason will never die. In the video, the film also collected more than 17 million dollars.
What conclusion can we say about the whole series? This is a real classic slasher. The first 8 parts of the series completely follow the canons of the genre. They are quite monotonous, so it's worth watching only fans - everyone else will just annoy.
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre / The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (1974)
Director: Tobe Hooper Cast: Marilyn Burns, Allen Danziger, Paul A. Partain
A group of teenagers on a van rides to rest in an old country house. This house belongs to the father of the main character - Sally (Marilyn Burns). In addition to her boyfriend, Jerry (Allen Danziger) and another friendly couple, Sally Franklin (Paul A. Partain), who is chained in a wheelchair, is traveling with them. Almost at the very beginning, the trip turns out to be strange. At the gas station, the old man advises them not to go there, and then they pick up the voting guy (Edwin Neal). A guy with a debilitating face turns out to be not just a cretin, but also very dangerous. In the beginning he tried to sell them the left photo, which he made with his camera, and then, borrowing Franklin's knife, cuts his palm, and at the same time he laughs madly. Then he becomes even more aggressive and begins to attack those who drive him. After he is finally thrown out of the van, the psychopath smears the door with his blood.
The old house, in which the young hippies decided to rest, also does not inspire much confidence: it is so old that it seems as if it will collapse right away under their weight. There is a line where, in the depths of a rural road, so that no neighbors can be seen, and an aspen hive settles under the ceiling. But this is not very frustrating for young people, and Kirk (William Vail) together with Pam (Teri McMinn) decide to go for a swim. Franklin remembers that if you walk along the path, you will definitely go to the river. Franklin himself was not in the grandfather's house for quite some time - the small river had long since dried up. After a little walk, a couple stumbles on a certain house, where they decide to borrow a little gasoline. The house is odd, since a canopy is built near it, under which there are old, obviously abandoned cars. And inside the house looks no less strange. Then they stumble upon Kozhemordogo's psychopath (in the first part he played Gunnar Hansen / Gunnar Hansen), which is quickly cut off with them. Actually, it happens so unexpectedly that when Kirk was killed I did not even really understand what had happened. It seems to me that this is the most unexpected murder in the cinema that I have ever seen. There was no preparation, no tension, nothing!
Next one by one, all the teens fall into the clutches of Kozhemordogo and his psychotic family. We are faced with the whole picture of their insanity - one of the furnishings of their house is worth. In general, the "Texas Chainsaw Massacre" is a very strange film, it is completely different from ordinary films. From him, it's kind of realistic. At one time it was a phenomenon similar to the "Witch of Blair" - it was claimed that it was based on real events (it really was inspired by the actions of Ed Gain, but this maniac became the basis for many films, and the Texas massacre even from afar is not similar to retelling the life of Heine). And this very sensation of reality gave credence to this legend.
The film is very uneven, its effect is not clearly measured to the minute, as in modern paintings, but a snippy one. The beginning seems to be protracted, then the pieces of inaction are replaced by rapid events, and this rate, which brings down the viewer, increases the sense of realism. And at the same time from the film for a mile carries madness. And this is not only the frenzy of a cannibalistic family, it's the madness of everything that happens, the whole movie. When you look at it, you begin to doubt the psychic balance of its creator. The perverted morality of cannibals, their schizoid behavior gives a special shade to the action. The script, written by Tob Hooper and Kim Henkel (Kim Henkel), probably would not have been so terrible and impressive, if not for the totally schizoid direction of Toba Hooper himself.
Separately it is necessary to say about the environment. Everything happens in the Texas outback - scorched dusty land, the grass is often the same gray-yellow color, rare trees and clinging bushes with sparse leaves. Wooden houses, whose boards when walking constantly creak. Well, the house of cannibals is a kind of masterpiece! It is full of bones and pieces of leather, hair and scraps of clothing. All this is simply plentifully piled on the floor, bones cover the cabinets, hang on the strings from the ceiling, it is everywhere. I liked most of all the bench made of human bones. And of course, the chainsaw screech! It becomes a symbol of the atmosphere of the film.
From some point on, the main character begins to yell, and does not shut up again - she yells constantly, earnestly and even selflessly. At some point, these screams started to unsettle me. And the scene where a frail grandfather, with the help of caring grandchildren, tries to break the skull with a hammer to the girl caused me to laugh. I can say that the film has completely distorted logic and the strangeness of the plot. He makes a very unusual impression. Despite the fact that this is a real low budget (140 thousand dollars), the film brought a very solid profit (30 million) and without a doubt deserved the name of the cult. But the most interesting is that the film is very bloodless. You will not see how the victim is cut before your eyes, you will not be shown agony and rivers of blood. You will only be hinted at them - a trickle of blood will occasionally appear in the frame, the chainsaw will scream and the victim will scream. TRB is quite cruel, but unlike Lucio Fulci, you are not stabbed into an agonizing body, everything is cleverer, and I would even say more impressively - there is nothing more terrible than human imagination.
Definitely all recommend it. We have this rare thing, but if it comes to your hands, then it's certainly worth a look. Maybe you will not like it very much, but the strong and unusual sensations from watching you are exactly guaranteed. The immortal horror classic is worth it to spend time on it.
Special opinion: One of the modern icons of horror, this is certainly the image of a muscular psycho in a rough mask made of human skin and with a chainsaw in his hands. This film largely determined the image of the horror film of the seventies. And he started as a cheap author's project of the teacher of the Texas University Toba Hooper. And it must be the same ... Despite the obvious rudeness of the film, viewing which is no more pleasant than postcards from the slaughterhouse, it is officially recognized (!) A masterpiece of art. A copy of this tape was acquired by the New York Gallery of Modern Art. The prototypes of the film, clearly inspired by the serial killer and necrophilous Ed Gein, look like gray, unintelligent figures and, nevertheless, the film has a sense of a real shift. The grim song of criminal schizophrenia, to the melody of the powered chainsaw, sounds quite frightening and realistic. But this film, despite its many merits, is unlikely to become a favorite favorite, whose video library.
The Nightmare on Elm Street (1984)
Director: Wes Craven Cast: John Saxon, Heather Langenkamp, Ronee Blakley, Robert Englund, Jonny Depp
Background of the film: in a typical small American town, in the boiler house on Elm Street, the maniac killer Freddy Kruger was once burned. During his lifetime, Freddie killed the small children of this town and once their parents caught the villain and did not give it to the police, but simply arranged such lynching. Naturally, burned alive, such a colorful maniac, like Freddie, just could not not be resurrected. But he was not as resurrected as hundreds of maniacs from other horror films, more precisely, he was not quite resurrected ...
With the first frames of the film, we fall into the nightmare of Tina Gray (played by Amanda Wyss). Tina somehow time and again in her dreams falls into this ill-starred boiler room, in which Kruger was burned several years ago. A terrible guy with knives on his fingers and an adorned face chases after her. As she guessed, this is Fred Kruger (in his role - Robert Englund) At the end of the dream Freddie almost overtakes Tina, but she manages to dodge, but Freddie leaves four tracks on her nightgown from her "fingers." Waking up in a screaming cry Tina discovers that it was not quite a dream, since the shirt is really cut.
Tina talks about her nightmare to friends - Nancy (Heather Langenkamp) and Glenn (Johnny Depp). But she, of course, no one believes: everyone thinks that this is just a nightmare and in the end everything will pass. However, after a joint discussion of Tina's dream, Nancy remembers that she also dreamed of this "guy in a dirty sweater with large iron nails." Since the mother of Tina, of course, somewhere left, the whole company decides to spend the night with her. But this very night, as you yourself guess, Uncle Freddie still kills her. And not somehow tyap-bloop, but rips open her stomach and smears guts on the ceiling. All were in the house but no one saw anyone else's, so the suspicion of Tina's murder falls on her boyfriend Rod Lane, who was next to her that night and saw her die. Rod is imprisoned and interrogated by the police trying to explain that it's not him, but, of course, no one believes him. However, Freddie has his own point of view about this - in a couple of days he kills Rod at night right in the cell. After the incident, Nancy and Glenn already know exactly who is to blame for these murders. Especially since Nancy is beginning to torment the hallucinations associated with Freddie. Father Nancy, police lieutenant Thompson (John Saxon), tries to help his daughter, but thinks that it's not Freddie who is to blame, but a mental breakdown associated with the loss of two friends ...
The plot can be retold indefinitely, but I believe that there is no special need for it - the film has been seen almost so all, and those who have not seen it will be much more interested to know what it ended up from the picture itself. The advantages of the director Wes Craivin (whom this film also became a voucher to the world of big cinema - before that he shot only low-budget horror films, from which it can be distinguished except that the 1978 movie "The Hills Have Eyes") is available to fellow filmmakers of other films. First, there is an intrigue in the plot throughout the film: how does Freddie materialize in the real world, using for this the consciousness of innocent teenagers, or is it really no more than a dream? Secondly, perfectly made for those times, makeup and a suit Kruger. Thirdly, great music, sounding in the movie. The script for the film was also written by Kreivin - honor and praise him for it. The director shows not a stupid slaughter, as often happens in the movies of our genre, but a meaningful plot. The film earned in the rental of about 26 million dollars, which at that time was a very bad thing, especially for the horror film.
Separately, it should be said about the excellent selection of actors involved in the tape. Participation in the movie star (admittedly by that time already rolled) American cinema John Saxon, who starred in 1973 in a superfilm featuring Bruce Lee "Enter the Dragon" ("The Dragon Comes"), which is still called the best a film about kung fu and even in a number of popular fighters and science fiction films of that time, speaks exclusively about respect for the project on the part of the producers and the actors themselves. The second star is definitely Johnny Depp - the famous movie Don Juan. True, here we make a discount on the fact that this is his film debut. Yes, it was "The Nightmare on Elm Street" was the first film in which this wonderful actor starred. The first pancake was not a lump: the death of the hero Johnny (and his Freddie simply classically tore into the meat, scattering gut around the house and splashing all the blood) definitely, the most impressive in this film. Well, the third actor, who opened the film - this, of course, Robert Englund, who played the role of Kruger. True, this in some way played a cruel joke with him, since for a long time he was labeled Freddie Krueger, because of what he was invited and invited to appear only in such films. The most egregious example is the role of the Phantom of the Opera in the film of the same name. Subsequently, this actor played in the movie "Master of Desires," and for the first time in many years, not a murderer, but a victim, as well as in "Urban Legend," where his character also had a hard time.
However, Craivin's little weakness at the end of the film gave birth to the series. The director could not resist showing in the final of the spectacular murder, which questioned the very fact that Freddie does not exist, which seems to have been proved by Nancy at the end of the picture. No doubt, there are positive features in this - otherwise we just limited ourselves to one film, instead of a whole fascinating series. But, in truth, none of the continuations has been able to recreate the atmosphere of the first part, which, however, does not make them less valuable for us.
The dissenting opinion: "This film amazes me first of all with its design, because when he was done, he was probably the only such plan, after all, his protagonist is not just a schizophrenic maniac, but a fully understanding subject with a fouled mug that avenges the children killed his people, and doing this is not just a knife or an ax, but rather unusual for horror films.Wes Craivin did a good job writing a great script. When I first saw the "Nightmare", to admit honestly, he frightened me, because then there was time , when on TV on only porn about happy communism and the program "Projector of Perestroika", only the most advanced people had vids, and not many at that time managed to see anything worthwhile. "The Nightmare on Elm Street" has not lost its relevance even now: not so for a long time one of the TV companies suddenly decided: NO HONORED translator and therefore duplicated this masterpiece in Ukrainian.This was a shock.What only are the phrases like "Zhah v vulytsi V'yaziv" or "Skazhi yim scho you zaslav Freddi." Most of all I liked how in the beginning, in my opinion, Tina, secluded from the guy in the bedroom was smeared on the ceiling and he (the guy) stood and looked at it all and shouted loudly, shouting his hissed cassette's hiss. It was also a great killing when Glenn was watching TV while lying on the bed - Freddie killed him, firing his guts into the ceiling, and it was cool. After all, no one before him did. In general, having looked this masterpiece of world nightmares, you will not regret. "
Dagon / Dagon (2002)
Director: Stuart Gordon Cast: Ezra Godden, Francisco
Young couple Paul (Ezra Godden) and Barbara (Raquel Merono) travel on the yacht of their friends Howard (Brendan Price) and Vicki (Birgit Bofarull) off the coast of Spain. Paul himself, too, seems to be from somewhere from Spain, but his mother took him away as a child, so he travels to the land of ancestors is especially interesting. But here there are two eerie things - firstly the storm begins, and secondly the yacht hits the underwater reef and gives a leak. In addition, Vicki's foot was pinched during a collision and she can not leave the yacht. Paul and Barbara on an inflatable boat get to the nearest village, but the fishing village itself is completely empty. The downpour has already started and a young couple is running between empty houses along steep stone paths in search of help. Eventually they hear some strange singing that leads them to some kind of Dagon Church, where the priest gives them help. Barbara remains on the beach, and John hurries to his friends ...
But those are no longer on board, and the water that gets into the cabin is filled with blood. Even worse starts to go to Paul's affairs after his return to the village, his wife disappears, he himself settles in an extremely unsightly hotel. And soon it turns out and the truth - all the inhabitants of the city are strange monsters, who came and by his soul. Then there is the running around - Paul struggles to hide from the pressure from all sides, but not very agile creatures. During his chaotic walks, he discovers several unflattering secrets of the town, and from the last normal person in the town learns his sinister history. The outcast himself remains alive only because he is not dangerous to the local inhabitants, and he himself was rejected for a long time due to the fact that he is an alcoholic. Here's the harm of drinking! Now Paul is running around and looking for his wife, who wants to save. Will he succeed in this? Watch the movie and find out.
The Dagon script was written more than 15 years ago, and certainly for Jeffie Combs. However, all this time he was not able to break through the producers. Gordon was told "to replace his fishmen with vampires or werewolves, and then please." However, Gordon did not agree, because then all the lavrafting of the film will disappear altogether. And finally it became possible to film the film, but Jeffie Combs was not fit for this role - he needed a younger actor, and then Ezra Godden was elected to the main role. The basis for the story were two stories of Lovecraft - "Dagon", who gave him the name and "Morok over Insmuth." Only his action was transferred from New England to Spain for purely commercial reasons - the film was shot in Spain and Spanish money. So in principle it is considered Spanish. But somehow my tongue does not turn to call him that - after all, he was filmed with money from the producer company Barayana Uzna, Gordon and Godden are not Spanish, and the film was shot in English only with a fleeting use of Spanish and Galician languages. The village in which the film was shot, according to Gordon, and actually looks like in the movie, they almost did not add anything.
The strongest side of the film is its magnificent atmosphere. She just won over me. The film is just super already, at least because of it. This incredibly gloomy village instantly fascinated me, and at night, with the constantly running rain ... It's just something incredible. I did not see such a powerful Lauravian spirit in any film. Old houses and narrow steep streets, an ancient and sinister church, barely on the heels of hellish creatures who want to kill you - these are the main components of this film. I'm in love with this town. In general, the work of the designer at the highest level - all exactly as needed, everything serves to create the appropriate mood, nothing is discordant with the environment. And the skin of Howard at the right time tells the protagonist - everything just will end badly, you need to run with all your might! Yes, and the contrast of the yellow jackets of Americans with the Spanish sinister environment is more than symbolic.
The action also does not fail. Almost all the time on the screen, something happens. And although it is not given in detail, this can not be described differently than running around the city, it does not bother. Firstly, it is diverse, there are a lot of completely different episodes, the director constantly throws us some kind of feature, a specific thing. All the time he finds how to frighten the spectator and keep him in suspense. Maybe some of this constant running around will seem superfluous, but she was very pleased with me, I was in a state close to euphoria throughout the film, for a long time I had not got such pleasure from the film. I'm not afraid to call it a masterpiece. He definitely deserves the title of the Lovecraftian film. In short, Gordon created two magnificent, excellent films - "Re-animator" and "Dagon".
It was not without graphic cruelty - the detailed scene of ripping off the face of a living person is unlikely to leave anyone indifferent. She even seemed to me superfluous. I'm not against violence, by no means - all the other very tough moments seem to me very much appropriate, but here with cruelty overdid it, it simply does not get in time with the rest of the film. It seems that the scene was pushed just to make it happen. That scene of Barbara's death is super, she's just perfect. And hardly anyone will call it humane and soft.
It's even surprising to me how, with a budget that does not reach $ 5 million, I managed to make such a great film. Sometimes the special effects of the film and his makeup are scolded, but I noticed an obvious artificiality only once, and I did not notice any flaws in the makeup of the monsters - although I was not an expert, and especially did not look closely. But from the point of view of the layman everything was just fine. So in my opinion "Dagon" is a magnificent atmospheric horror, which every genre fan should see.
The dissenting opinion: The new Gordon-Yuzna film, it seems to me, will cause double feelings among many. Those who are waiting for the usual bloody mess in the spirit of "Resanator" or "Outside", may be disappointed. There are not many naturalistic scenes in this film. The most memorable is ripping off the skin from a living person. But this does not mean that the film is bad, on the contrary. In the story of Lovecraft's tales of the sea god Dagon, the emphasis is on the atmosphere and recreation of the entourage of the mysterious Spanish town of Imboki, and, I must say, the authors succeeded in this. All these deserted alleys, hidden by the shroud of rain, the blue-gray color scheme and strange silhouettes that come out with the onset of darkness - it's just something. The viewer is almost transferred to this world, populated by creepy creatures, who abandoned God for the gifts of Dagon. Very good acting game of Ezra Godden and the now deceased Francisco Rabal, a wonderful atmosphere, the plot - all at a high level. There is a film and minuses, but very relative. For example, some fans of the old style can be disappointed with the computer effects, which are often used in the film - but they are all of quite high quality and do not spoil the impression of the picture. The main thing - the creators managed to accurately convey the atmosphere of the world of Lovecraft, give the viewer a literary touch to her ... Definitely, this film - one of the best adaptations of the writer.
From the outside / From Beyond (1986)
Director: Stuart Gordon Cast: Jeffrey Combs, Barbara Crampton, Ken Foree
During a mysterious and eerie experiment, something went awry and the assistant of Dr. Edward Pretorius (Ted Sorel) Crawford Tillinghast (Gordon's favorite actor Jeffrey Combs / Jeffrey Combs) is suspected of killing his mentor. Something strange happened to the corpse of the doctor himself, and Tillinghast seems to have gone insane. He claims that Dr. Pretorius created a kind of resonator that stimulates some kind of iron (which has forgotten), which opens up a new feeling for a person and he begins to see a different world. It seems that Pretorius himself was also devoured by creatures that came from a parallel universe. To test the version of the slightly shifted Tillinghast into a hefty doctor's mansion, Dr. Catherine McMichs (Barbara Crampton) is sent, who was greatly interested in the stories of Crawford and Leroy Brown (Ken Forey, who is more familiar to us in the film "Ken Dawn") acting as a guard.
A strange group is in an old and cleanly Lovecraftian mansion, the refuge of a mad doctor. In the laboratory, they find the resonator itself, which Tillinghast shot before fleeing. Soon the hellish apparatus again worked and the skeptics Catherine and Leroy had to make sure that Tillinghast was right - strange semi-transparent pink essences appear in the air, which react to movement and may well come in contact with people undergoing resonation (the first contact manifested as a bite). However, it turns out that on the other side there live not only small strange creatures, but also the changed doctor Pretorius, whose dreams of power and domination can finally become a reality. Turning into the otherworldly creature, he found unusual properties, and now he lacks only a constant exit into this world. And such an output can be exactly the resonator created by it. Therefore, the doctor in every way tries to leave the resonator switched on, and those who come to turn it off.
The original story of Lovecraft is very small, and all the characters except Pretorius and Tillinghast, as well as most of the plot was invented by Gordon himself. As a result, a very entertaining film with Lovecraftian smell turned out. "Outside" is definitely a thrash film, a small budget is very obvious, and it remains the impression that it was filmed either before the Re-animator (which is not true) or with a much smaller budget. In any case, to watch it is very nice, a twisting plot and for its time quite decent special effects are dragging on, you are plunging with a terrible and unusual tale. There are a lot of cool scenes, I especially liked the beginning of the film (it tunes to a certain wave), returning to the mansion of Pretorius (yet this mansion looks just fine, only for the horrors and fit) and the attack of small devouring creatures. Quite comically looked the struggle with the cables in the basement, but these are trifles, they do not spoil the overall impression. "Outside" is definitely worth a look, but do not expect any kind of blockbuster or something unique. This is a movie for fans of the genre, and I think that they will appreciate it on their merits.
Special opinion: "From the outside" was one of the first horror films that I saw, so I have very warm feelings for this picture (in the pirate box office this film was still called "From the Other World"). During the first viewing, he literally amazed and shocked me, not yet very familiar with the genre pearls, magnificent makeup, naturalistic gore-effects and exciting action. After reviewing it a second time about six months ago, I was not particularly disappointed, although, of course, some details did not make such an impression on me as in my childhood. But the atmosphere and special effects (for the most part performed at a very high level, with the exception of a couple of shortcomings) are still impressive. The film is based on Lovecraft's story, but, like most of his screen versions, in this case the story of Dr. Pretorius is shown in a more "modern" version. It should be noted that this is one of the best adaptations of the classic, as well as one of the best films of the creative tandem Gordon-Yuzna. Here everything is present that we love in their best works - a dynamic plot, naturalistic effects like the brain sucking and all kinds of transformations of the human body, diluted with some black humor, and the irreplaceable Jeffrey Combs. In short, all lovers of Lovecraft and fans of Stuart Gordon and Brian Yuzna "Out of the World" are strongly encouraged to watch. It can be contraindicated only to persons who do not digest horror in any form.
Risen from Hell / Hellraiser (1987)
Director: Clive Barker Cast: Andrew Robinson, Clare Higgins, Ashley Laurence
Clive Barker burst into the world of horrors in 1984, releasing a collection of "Blood Books" in six volumes, which simply amazed the horror-reading public. This Briton, who turns forty-nine this year, has firmly secured his place in the Hall of Fame. Stephen King said that "Clay Barker is the future of horror." He has already released 12 novels, mostly in the style of dark fantasy. The Russian reader can also get acquainted with his work, for example, released his novel "Imajica" (Imajica), although I do not like his translation. Also you can read his other works, for example the story "Fear" and the novel / whom (as you like) 1986 "The Hellbound Heart", which became the literary basis of the first film of the series.
I do not know whose initiative it was, but Clive Barker himself wrote the script for his own work, and even became the director of the film. Thus, you can see firsthand what the writer wanted to say when creating a work. Not for nothing is the film called "Clive Barker's Hellraiser" - this is all 100% creation of Barker alone. And he created a great picture. And many simply call this thing a masterpiece, a triumph in horror.
Frank, in search of forbidden pleasures, buys a mysterious cube, which is a kind of puzzle, and at the same time a door that opens the way to hell. Although strictly speaking, this is another dimension, inhabited by strange and terrible creatures called sensobites (although I also hear them called cenobites and cenobites). But there is practically no difference between this dimension and hell in the human sense. And Frank, played by Sean Chapman (Sean Chapman) and gets there. Chapman plays the normal Frank, Frank-monster plays Oliver Smith (Oliver Smith).
Soon after, the married couple drives into a house that has long been abandoned, since the husband - Larry (played by Andrew Robinson) - disagreed with Frank's proposal, and did not sell it after the death of their mother. During the transportation of things, Larry's hand scratches a lot and the blood spilled onto the floor allows Frank to escape from hell and partially recover. However, only partially - the revived monster can not walk and most of his body is still in hell. It also turns out that the wife of Larry Julia (Clare Higgins) is the mistress of her brother-in-law (ie her brother's brother) Frank. And very passionate and devoted mistress, since she, seeing on the floor of the room this monster, does not run away and reveals his secret, but on the contrary, agrees to help him.
And in order to finally recover, he needs human blood, so Julia must seduce the men in the bars and bring them into the house, and Fran at their expense will grow stronger and restore the body. However, this interferes Christie - Larry's daughter from her first marriage (Ashley Laurence / Ashley Laurence).
But the real heroes were just seniors. Their role in the film is secondary, they appear only a few times and only at the very end for a significant amount of time. But it was their existence that gave impetus to the creation of subsequent series, in which the length of time on the screen and the number of actions produced by the seniors would all increase. Particularly impressive is their leader - Pinhead (to say Nail or Bulkhead in my opinion is pretty stupid), whose head is stuck nails. Even if you have not seen any of the films in the series, you probably saw this head with far protruding studs. His role in all films was played by Doug Bradley (Doug Bradley).
Needless to say, this film stands out from the crowd with its original story, which revealed something really new to us. The acting team is also chosen well - all play decently enough to make the viewer believe in the story on the screen. The film is not for nothing considered classic. If you have not seen it, then you should take it in the prakat. Of course, some special effects look rather poorly (especially at the end - with the disappearance of the sensor), but this should not especially spoil the pleasure.
Sinister Dead / The Evil Dead (1982)
Director: Sam Raimi Cast: Bruce Campbell, Ellen Sandweiss, Hal Delrich
Five friends have rented a holiday house in some wilderness (both cheap and interesting), but the wilderness is completely impassable - a very flimsy bridge, long abandoned and not friendly house should have already suggested that it is better to leave. The surrounding autumn forest, which is simply perfectly removed, and sounded against the background of music, creates a very powerful horror atmosphere. Already on the spot they are trapped by wandering spirits in the forest, but so far they are only observers. Sheros (Theresa Tilly), drawing the antique clock that hangs on the wall, is momentarily exposed to the growing spirits, and sketches something that looks like a strange, malicious face. When the whole company is already assembling at the table, the hatch leading to the basement opens by itself. There go down Scottie (Hal Delrich) and Ash (Bruce Campbell), the cellar is not small, in his distant room they find an unusual and obviously evil book, as well as a tape recorder. The tape recording made by a scientist living here tells of the "Book of the Dead" and that the spirits caused by her have moved into the researcher's wife, and the only way to stop a new being is to dismember him.
Instead of thinking and behaving more cautiously, the arrivals make several fatal mistakes - Shelley, unclearly seeing something strange, goes to the forest where she is raped by this same forest (the rape scene was cut out in some countries), thus placing her in her the body of one of the spirits. And the second mistake is the tapping of the film, on which the scientist reads out an ancient spell, which awakens the evil spirit, eager to get human bodies. The demons who seized the man transform his body, and begin to attack others. Just can not escape - the bridge, by which they arrived, finally collapsed. So now the children have to fight with the felons of hell, who take turns capturing themselves, until there is only one Ash, who is forced to kill and dismember his friends, sister, girl. Blood flows like a river, and everyone who does not want to die dies.
The film produces a very interesting impression. First, it is immediately noticeable that this is an absolute low budget - in addition to the five main actors in the movies, only two people lit up literally - idiots standing by the roadside waving a passing hand. The film was shot in November-December 1980 and his entire budget was 150 thousand dollars. Absolute trashiness of "Evil Dead" is visible from the first to the last minute, but this does not mean that the film becomes worse because of this, it rather adds color to it. Because of this peculiar style, we forgive him for minor flaws and illogicalities - after all, this kind of film is waiting for from the movie of this type, I think that most of the small overlays do not notice at all (for the moment when Ash burying Linda - he just finishes to fill the grave, and at her head there is already a crudely made cross, etc.).
Perhaps this cheapness gives the film a realistic feel, a bit of documentalism. The same gorgeous special effects, like the constantly whipping blood (and even the beating fountain in general), would rather cause a smile in the usual, standard film, but then the whole entourage, the whole action gives the rivers of blood naturalism and they seem normal and correct. Changed zombified people look very cool (I think it was they who drew inspiration from Lamberto Bava, creating "Demons", very similar types). Continuous action will not give you boredom, but all this does not go against the atmosphere of the film. And she was able to realize it simply amazing. Although the frightening moments seem to be quite simple - sometimes it is quite clear that it is here that the hands of a corpse and the like should jump out, but these techniques still remain impressive. Very original and not traditional camera work, which also strongly influences the specifics of the film. Briefly, this film can be described with the words "ingenious thrash".
"Evil Dead" is one of those cases when the amazing author's design of the director and screenwriter in one person (in this case Sam Raimi) with a small budget turns into a terrific film and becomes a classic of the genre (in general, if you look closely, then almost all horror the directors started this way). The difference is that Raimi's trashiness is raised to a power, she's deliberate. Acting is also at the appropriate level. The protagonist Ash (who also became a cult figure, one of the idols) most of the film reminds a frightened fool, and only at the end, when there is one, begins to seriously fight for his life. Raimi took more than a year to break the film into a rental, but when he did it, the film raised almost $ 2.5 million, and still continues to make a profit.
The most important quality of "Evil Dead" is the ability to frighten. The film is really terrible and fascinating with its gloom and bloody bacchanalia. Heroes are alyapic and primitive, but somehow you imperceptibly begin to perceive them as living people. And even about the camera flying at the ground with a strange sound, which in general became a brand feature of the whole series, I'm not saying - I think none of those who watched the film will not forget it. The film is simple and not intricate, as well as many ingenious things. Perhaps it will seem strange and will cut people's eyes, that they are accustomed to modern Hollywood glossy paintings, but I think that even on them he must impress. This is one of those films that does not leave indifferent, clings and frightens. If for some reason you have not seen it (for example, for a long time I could not find it), then know that it is definitely worth seeing. And you better watch it at night, when you will not be prevented from enjoying the primal horror.
Project The Blair Witch: A course from the other world / The Blair Witch Project (1999)
Directed by: Daniel Myrick and Eduardo Sanchez Cast: Heather Donahue, Joshua Leonard, Michael Williams
This film is just a phenomenon! Throughout the experimental cinema, made almost without a budget, without professional actors and special effects instantly conquers the mainstream! The film instantly makes a splash and simultaneously spits in the face of so-called major (large film companies, very clearly reacting to the slightest change in the market). It turns out that their special effects are not necessary and the film can do without them!
Three students-film-makers decide as a test work to make a documentary about the search for the legendary Blair witch. And in October 1994 they come to the city of Burkittesville, Maryland, to collect documentary material. First they wander around the town and ask the locals what they know about the local legend. And in the end they go into the forest to photograph the searches themselves. And disappear. A year later they discover a film that they photographed during the fermentation in the forest. And since they took a movie camera and a hand-held video camera with them, there are two angles accordingly. There is a little and the type of shooting.
However, the very fact of detecting the film is already accompanied by mystical events. Beginning with the fact that the films were eaten in the process of archaeological excavations at a fairly large depth and the layer of land above them was not disturbed. So it's completely unclear how the films could be in such a place. And the maintenance of films has led archaeologists in horror. And for a long time they were kept in the police and the FBI, trying to uncover the truth. In the end, the films were returned to the public. And two people (film directors) mounted from both films what we saw in cinemas or on video cassettes. They (Daniel Mirik and Eduardo Sanchez) are also the screenwriters of the film.
Such is the legend. And the legend was promoted very well, there's nothing to say. It almost created a mystical aura around the whole film. And considering that unhealthy interest and special love of Americans for films on "real events", the trick with "absolutely authentic film" was a win-win. The company-maker of the film Haxan Films, Inc. all very accurately calculated and one move out of pawns in the queens - there was a transformation from a small company into a world-famous major. True, this transformation may turn out to be short-lived, it depends on the company itself.
However, the revolutionary nature of the film is not at all in promotion and legend, but precisely in the method of shooting. The actors are playing themselves - Heather Donahue, the project's leader and ideologist and two of her buddies, Joshua Leonard, who is called Josh and Michael Williams (Michael Williams) - are their real names. In addition to the three main characters in the film also removed "residents of the town," also not being professional actors. Total in the film involved ten actors, seven of which appear briefly only at the beginning of the film. No less unusual for the modern viewer and the way of shooting - cameras are actually dragged on their hands, they swing and twitch, thereby, as it were, confirming the reality of what is happening. Thus, the three main characters / actors are also the film's operators.
However, this Spartan simplicity of the film and the complete absence of special effects is compensated by the magnificently created atmosphere of the film. Fear gradually pushes and captures the viewer into his snare. Sitting at the screen begins to really empathize with the wandering children in the forest and all their misadventures are perceived much more than the usual film action. The very atmosphere of fear and mystery is pumped gradually and from time to time breaks sharply into the screens (for example, in an episode with a beat on the tent and running around in the forest at night). And if at first the wandering of the heroes through the forest seems unnecessarily prolonged, then you completely forget about it and get involved in what is happening.
And again there are differences in the length of the film in the US, it lasts 86 minutes, while in the United Kingdom there are only 80. I have always been incomprehensible about this policy of "different" versions (which everyone uses all the time). Well, why cut out any six minutes, especially since this carving touched most likely the usual walk in the woods!
In addition, Russian viewers lost quite an amusing thing: an advertising TV movie The Curse of the Witch of Blair. At least it was not shown on any of the central channels, so the vast majority probably did not see it. This film (Curse of the Blair Witch) is a stylized advertising documentary. It tells about the history of "detection" of films, shows the places of "real" archaeological works, more fully and in detail tells about the "witch" legend. This commercial in English-speaking countries was shown on the channel Sci-Fi. The show usually takes place a few days before the movie starts. See this agitation is quite interesting. It is fully consistent with the documentary style inherent in the Discovery Channel - cutting from video mammoths, narrative behind the scenes, interviews with "witnesses" and "experts." And everything is done professionally enough. My 14-year-old nephew, having looked at the film-advertisement for a while (until they came to my senses) quite seriously tried to "It's true, was it true?" So we can say that it was and is quite effective.
The budget of the film was only 35 thousand dollars. For the film, it's not even a budget. This fact also killed movie producers - these 35 thousand are considered the most profitable investment of money in the cinema for the entire history of its (cinema) existence. However, to promote the film, too, money was needed - advertising costs exceeded two million dollars (which for American advertising, too, is not so much). However, the return was simply phenomenal! Even considering that the rental in the US began almost twice: the first time on July 18, only 27 screens across the country. This discovery is inherent to low-budget. And then in the first week of rent the film has collected more than a half million dollars! By the end of the second week, the fees exceeded 5 million. And at the third held the second opening of the rental - already in the scale of all the countries, on the 1101 screen. And by November the film has earned more than 140 million. A similar scenario survived and the UK - at first only 36 screens and 750 thousand pounds a week. And in the end more than 14 million pounds of fees. Financial success is more than obvious!
An interesting fact (although not a fact at all, but rather an observation from which it is difficult to draw conclusions due to a small sample of respondents): those who watched the "Witch" on the cassette liked the film more than those who saw it in the cinema. Maybe it's just an accident, maybe not. In any case, the overwhelming majority of my acquaintances, even quite cool regarding horror in general, the film made a strong impression. Someone on the Internet said that the film was not impressed only by those who did not allow themselves to be captured by the atmosphere of the film. After all, the film itself is on the atmosphere - a little dynamic action helps to establish itself "sensations", mood.
With how many people did not communicate - a witch is either very fond of, or very negative. All because of the wrong emphasis. It is very simple to judge whether a person has understood a witch by how much it is important for him to know the fiction all this or not. After all, many do not see the main thing ... For me the degree of documentary of this film does not matter.
Despite the ambiguity of the film, "The Witch" is a unique phenomenon and I strongly advise everyone who has not seen it yet, not to be too lazy and take a tape without any meditation. Unforgettable impressions are guaranteed to you. And even if you do not like the film, you will already forget it, if only because of its peculiarity.
The dissenting opinion: "I would also recommend watching the film not in the movie, but in the video, then you can better feel the atmosphere of horror.Shooting, its quality is sometimes" pissed off "- the camera is crooked, the image jumps ... On the other hand - try it's exactly hold, when you run through the forest, scared to death! This gives credence to what's happening. Like the so-called "documentary" materials, the interview. Sometimes you get the impression that you are watching a real documentary. has run down about the theatrical school was sent to the forest, they were given chambers, a tent, etc. Besides, they were removed from the side, but so that they did not know it: every morning they found instructions: do not trust it, or - today something will happen ... That is, the roles were not rehearsed beforehand.With the fact that the first part is really a phenomenon - I agree.May many are accustomed to beautiful special effects, makeup, decorations.This is a film that may not like .In my opinion, it is dedicated to such people who watch horror movies not in noisy companies with beer and chips and, while closing the curtains, preferably one at home, in silence and darkness. I watched it in the cinema, so half of the buzz was lost. This movie can really raise adrenaline. I would like to see it from anyone - whether it's in the country, in the forest. "
Director: Don Coscarelli Cast: A. Michael Baldwin, Bill Thornbury, Reggie Bannister
This film twenty-two years ago and now looks just great. The story begins with the fact that a guy named Tommy (his episodic role played by Bill Cone / Bill Cone) is killed by a strange girl who carried him to the cemetery. It turns out that Tommy was a close friend of Jody (Bill Thornbury) and Reggie (Reggie Bannister). Jodie and his younger brother Mike (A. Michael Baldwin) have lost their parents and now live alone. Jody, who fears for Michael, who has not yet recovered from the death of his parents, decides not to take his brother to the funeral of a friend. However, the boy himself thinks differently - he himself comes to the cemetery. But after the funeral, he lingers a little and witnesses an unusual scene - the owner of the funeral home, The Man (The Tall Man), played (and will always play) Angus Scrimm (this role will be the pinnacle of his career), so Behold, Versilus instead of lowering the coffin with Tommy to the grave, raises it, lies back in the hearse and leaves. And Michael himself begins to pursue strange shorties, dressed in the cassocks of Capuchin monks.
After discovering about these strange events, Michael begins to find out what is really happening in the gloomy house near the cemetery, which is both the funeral home of Morningside, and the cemetery for buried in the urns (behind the tiles in the walls), and the residence of Verzila. There he more clearly sees the small gnomes / dwarves who are the helpers of the sinister Verzila, and also meets with flying balls that will become the brand-name weapon of the whole series. After this terrible adventure Michael draws in this case his brother Jody and his friend Reggie. Much of the film consists of a study of Morningside and the discovery of strange things that can not be explained by logic. It turns out that Big Man steals dumbs and turns them into those same malicious dwarfs that look like miniature monks. Why and how he does it, I think it's better not to talk - because some might not have seen the movie.
The most interesting thing about this film is that he is a classic low budget, but he does not have any disadvantages typical of low-budget films. Don Koskarelia was not only a screenwriter and director, but also a producer, cameraman and editor. Most of the team - it's his relatives and friends, so for example his mother was responsible for the design and manufacture of costumes, as well as for make-up. However, the special effects that are present in the film, and now look great. They are not at all obsolete. And the actor's game here, too, is not at all like a low-budget one.
About the pluses of the film you can talk for a long time. This is both acting and special effects. This can also be attributed to the magnificent script of the film, which slowly opens the veil of secrecy and prevents the viewer from being bored. Immediately, and the camera work, performing its task - to convey the idea of the author. Well and most importantly - the design of the film, which is simply magnificent. The funeral home is beautiful - this is exactly what the den of Evil should look like. And about the numerous shooting of cemeteries, gravestones, dark roads and so on and there is nothing to say - all this is done masterfully. And most importantly - what is the meaning and the whole beauty of the film - is the atmosphere. It seems to me that nowhere else has anyone managed to create such an atmospheric dark and gloomy film. This density of sensations I have not yet met - the film simply drags on, and it does not make a story, namely, the sense of mystery, danger and fear that condense and become practically tangible with bare hands. And special effects are used to the place and never become an end in itself (as it now often happens).
Some people may not like the film because of the fact that it seems to be incomprehensible. It is, however, quite surreal. It appears rather not in separate scenes, but in a general plot, or rather in the connection between its Parts. However, in my opinion it gives a special charm to the film, adds to it the unusualness and peculiar interest. Moreover, this surrealism made is quite masterful. After all, there is no border between reality and delirium. And surrealism only strengthens the atmosphere of fear.
Fantasy is a great film, which every horror fan is simply obliged to look at. It is an immortal masterpiece, to which I put a five without doubt. If you have not seen it - then do not be lazy, find it and you will not regret it!
The dissenting opinion: "I really liked the first part of Fantasy." I can not say that I was from it in the revival, but still the film is sound and, importantly, very atmospheric. "I watched it a long time ago, even before the fight against piracy when semi-legal channels could suddenly show one or another masterpiece.The most interesting thing is that before I watched this film, I did not even know about its cult character among the fans of horror, and therefore, I think, could objectively assess it.The very epoch in which it was taken a film that evokes the deepest respect - in On the eve of the 70's and the beginning of the 80's there appeared such masterpieces as "Halloween", "Friday, 13th" and finally "Fantasy." All of them subsequently became serials, thanks to countless sequels and gained the status of "cult" horror. "Fantasy" differs from the first two films by its surrealism - in some fragments of the film I, I admit, felt even some sorting. In any case, the first part of "Fantasy" is brilliant - the film is not an imitation of anything and the director Don Cascarelli develops his story very excitingly and dynamically. Unfortunately, I could not find this film on the cassette and watch it again to get more insight into its essence. To watch this movie, I would recommend creating a suitable atmosphere, namely - to wait for the darkness and see it alone in an empty room. Then the pleasure is guaranteed to you! "
Ring / Ring (1998)
Director: Nakata Hideo Cast: Nanako Matsushima, Hiroyuki Sanada, Miki Nakatani
In the beginning, I even thought, maybe it's worth giving the name in the original language? But he quickly refused this thought, it is unlikely that any of the subscribers will correctly display it, and if someone reads, it will be a maximum of a couple of people, and the rest will remain perplexed. So in the original the title of the film is the three hieroglyphic katakans that are read by ri-n-gu. This is the Japanese spelling of the English word ring, which I decided to put out in the title. Hence the confusion with the Russian translation - ring has several meanings. One of them is a ring, that's exactly the way the film was translated by the one who voiced it. But it seems to me that the meaning of the word "bell" is more appropriate here.
The film begins with the fact that Tomoko Oishi (Yuko Takeuchi) together with his girlfriend sit at home and scare each other with a terrible legend, which has become popular recently. She talks about how the teenager who put the wrong channel on the record wrote a terrible message, on which the woman looks at him, and says - "You will die in a week." And when he looked it, a phone call came, and someone said to him - "You saw it." A week later the teenager died. However, the legend is not very cheerful Tomoko - it turns out a week ago she and her friends also looked at a strange tape, and then someone immediately called them (though nothing said). And it becomes reality - soon Tomoko dies.
Reporter Asakawa Reiko (Matsushima Nanako) explores the latest urban legend about the deadly videocassette, but as usual with urban legends, except for the stories of teenagers who were told by acquaintances who saw the person who was present at the realization of the myth, does not find it. Until she learns that her recently deceased mysterious niece Tomoko is just one of the victims of this myth. The investigation shows that together with the girl three more of her friends died exactly at the same time. And their death was absolutely identical - they died of fear, and their faces were twisted into a grin of horror. Asakawa finds out that this four week ago rested in a removable house in the Prefecture of Izu. And in the picture, on which they stand in the background of the house, the image of their faces is distorted - instead of them you see some pretty ugly faces.
Asakawa goes to the prefecture of Izu and finds a house, which was filmed by the deceased four. Accidentally, she notices the master of the complex on an unsigned tape (or rather something strange attracts her attention). Already in the same house where the dead teenagers were, she puts the cassette in the vidyak and launches. A strange, completely incoherent and schizoid film is being played, for a minute or two, after which it ends, and a bell rings in the house. Thus, Asakawa remains to live only a week.
Asakawa appeals for help to her ex-husband Takayama Ryuichi (actually his name is Ryudzhi, but on the cassette he turned into Ryuichi, so I will call him that) (Hiroyuki Sanada). Together, they begin an investigation, during which they learn what it means to be a strange mix of cadres on the cassette that causes a terrible death. And they seem to succeed ...
The film is really good. This is one of the best horror films that I have seen lately. Firstly, it is interesting and unusual, at least because of its origin - the Japanese view of horrors in itself arouses curiosity. And the unfolding in Japan action itself is entertaining, and creates an atmosphere different from the films to which we are already accustomed. And all these "japanisms" look very good, they give the film a special color, a specific atmosphere of mystery and mystery of the alien, which in our minds is surrounded by the East. East - a delicate matter, and "Call" is only once again confirms. In this regard, some of the statements of the Americans who saw the film provoked my anger. Quite often you can read something like "if not for the Japanese situation", or "you can in fact imagine that this story happened in the South (USA)," or something similar. Yet how much they are not able to take someone else's culture, how much they are stagnant in their stupid and blind patriotism.
In the US, this film was looked only by hardcore fans of horrors, who are not frightened by subtitles, since there is no duplicate version of the film. Fortunately, this process is much simpler for us - there are no special requirements for dubbing, and it would not be right to call our dubbing dubbing - the man reading the text is not dubbing.