Breeding of fish and crayfish at the dacha.
Cultivation of fish and crayfish - this business idea logically flows from two related areas - fish farming and breeding. In addition, fishing for many - a favorite hobby. And no one counts the money spent on fishing! I'm right?
Why not combine business with pleasure - fishing and making money, moreover, without going beyond the limits of your summer cottage ?!
The fact is that fish and crayfish get along well enough together and give a good profit! So, we use it for the benefit!
Many dacha plots, from the Soviet era, were allotted to the population in places of little use for agriculture. This is a waste land - slope, moorland, lowlands.
But, often, summer cottages are on the banks of streams, rivers, canals, ponds. These are reservoirs from which water is taken for irrigation. Sometimes, artesian wells were pierced for irrigation, if there were no reservoirs nearby.
If your summer cottage already has a reservoir or it borders on your hacienda - EXCELLENT!
If there is none, you will need to dig a reservoir in the lowest part of the site. Depth to make at least 1 meter, the remaining dimensions - at your discretion. Dig to clay, tamp the soil, cement.
You can cover the bottom of the future reservoir with a thick polyethylene film - it will serve with careful use for more than one year. We are considering a low-budget option? Some summer residents glue pieces of cargo car chambers - it turns out reliable shell that will serve you for many years.
The only thing - in the fall of such a reservoir you need to completely remove the water!
Then, we close up the upper parts of polyethylene or rubber under the ground and plant shrubs and grass - willow, rogoz, reed and other water-loving plants around our reservoir. Some soil needs to be placed in the reservoir and the same cattail and reed are planted on it - they grow quickly and will serve as decoration of the reservoir and protection for fish and crayfish.
At the bottom of the reservoir it is useful to lay stones, broken pots, pipes - these are shelters for crayfish from fish. Since the crayfish during molting shed their shells, and at this time they become a tasty morsel for fish.
Fill the reservoir with water. As a rule, at dachas the water is not chlorinated, since served from nearby reservoirs or artesian wells.
Everything, you can stock up! Carp and crucian live very well in small ponds - catch them while fishing or, in extreme cases, buy them! The same goes for crayfish.
How much is needed? It all depends on the size of your pond. Approximately 10-20 fish and the same number of crayfish per 1 cubic meter of water. So count! What to feed? And what do you lure fish and crayfish while fishing?
You need to stock the reservoir in the spring and “harvest the harvest” in the fall. Surplus - relatives, neighbors in the cottage, etc.
But these are small amounts of products. To do such a thing seriously, you need to find a little visited reservoir, remove weed fish from it, start carp fingerlings, for example, and crayfish. After 3 years, “free” carps without feeding will reach a weight of 2–3 kg, and crayfish - 300 grams. This is already varietal products!
A kilogram of carp is currently 150.0 rubles per kilogram, crayfish - up to 500 rubles. Calculate the profit: if you run 1000 carps and crayfish? And if more? Impressive?
Similar businesses are engaged in Siberia, learn from the experience!