101 advice on interior design
Interior design (interior design) is a design branch aimed at interior of premises in order to provide convenience and aesthetically pleasing interaction of the environment with people. Interior design combines artistic and industrial design. The designer performs optimization of work indoors, improves navigation in large rooms, develops the design of specialized premises (for example, recording studios, film montage, photography, water parks) according to the requirements of clients. The designer manages the whole process of interior design, starting with the layout of the room, lighting, ventilation systems, acoustics; decoration of walls; and ending with the placement of furniture and installation of navigation signs.
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In interior design, both in terms of architecture there are many different styles that have formed in different historical epochs. One and the same room, for example, a conference room, can be decorated in different styles: high-tech, Romanesque, modernism and so on. The list of interior styles is wider than architectural ones.
Interior design development begins with drawing up of the design project - a set of documents describing functional and design solutions, they contain drawings of the premises and descriptions of all the details of the future interior, including the finishing materials and the location of communications. The project has a technical task, which describes all the requirements and wishes of the customer.
First, measurements of the room are made, after which approximate planning solutions and sketches are developed. At this stage, the designer offers the customer several layout options with the distribution of the main functional areas and the arrangement of furniture. Since 3D modeling is a labor-intensive process, detailed 3D models are developed at the stage of approximate planning only after agreement with the customer.
After the approval of the location of the zones, design drawings of electric wires are developed and the location of electrical appliances (lighting, electric heating, etc.) is planned; If necessary, drawings of changes in the layout are executed; plan ceilings and floor coverings, plumbing equipment, sheets, containing information about the finish and ordered materials and furniture and decor.
The next stage is the implementation of the planned works; At this stage, the designer monitors the work of finishing and repair teams, providing the customer with the required estimate documentation.
Composition and rules for drawing up working drawings of architectural solutions for interiors of production and auxiliary buildings of all industries and national economy are established in GOST 21.507-81 * SPDS. Interiors. Working drawings.