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Washing and dyeing matters

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231. Powders for washing. 232. Powder for washing "Splendid". 233. Lustrin luster starch.
234. Miruar tiles. 235. Paints for fabrics.
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231. Powders for washing.

I. Powder for washing "Rapid". Below are a few recipes.
Boil with constant stirring: 3 parts of residues of any fat or oil, 3 parts of ammonia (carbonic) soda and 8 parts of hot water. After saponification, add 1 part of talc and 8 parts of weathered soda, dry and grind.
Mix 6 parts of weathered soda, 3 parts of potash, 1 part of simple soap in the powder. Mix 90 parts of soda ash and 5 parts of borax,
Ii. Powder for washing "Pergidrol". Most whitening agents used in laundry act poorly on the fabric due to the presence of more or less significant amounts of free alkali in these powders. In view of this, the composition that has received wide distribution in Germany deserves attention. The solution acts as a whitening agent and at the same time does not corrode tissue at all. This powder consists of: 40 parts of simple soap powder, 35 parts of ammonia (carbonate) soda, 3 parts of liquid glass, 12 parts of water, 20 parts of sodium peroxide. Sodium peroxide is packaged separately from other components (preferably in a tin) and mixed with them only at the time of use. During boiling, sodium peroxide decomposes into sodium hydroxide and oxygen and, when combined with water, forms hydrogen peroxide (perhydrol), which is, as is well known, a good bleaching agent. The hydroxide formed, in turn, is bound to the fatty substances in the soap, which, together with the soap powder in this composition, completes the wash. The tool acts flawlessly. The absence of a harmful effect on the tissue is due to the chemical interaction of the constituent parts.
III. Powder "phoenix" for washing consists of:
35 parts of water, 55 parts of anhydrous soda, 5 parts of anhydrous liquid glass, 5 parts of anhydrous soap. Based on the latest research of the city’s chemical laboratory in Breslavl, conducted by Professor Stein, Dr. Bischoff, Hinterkirch and Kraft, the effect of Phoenix powder on linen fibers should be recognized as Phoenix lye harmful to laundry, as when used for washing linen is destroyed faster than from the action of the powder "Perhydrol".

232. Powder for washing "Splendid".

Recently began to use for washing kitchenware, floors, etc. the finished mixture of soap, soda and sand. First, prepare a soda base, which is mixed: 950 parts of crystalline soda, crushed, 30 parts soda ash, crushed, 16 parts of alum in powder, 3 parts of potassium oxalate, 1 part of ammonia in powder. Then they mix: 160 parts of potassium (green) soap, 30 parts of kerosene, 10 parts of turpentine, 2 parts of nitrobenzene until a homogeneous mass is obtained, and 600 parts of soda soda, 1200 parts of soda base (see above), 8000 parts of fine (sea or river) are added sand. The resulting mixture is sifted through a frequent sieve.
Note. Instead of 8000 parts of fine sand, you can take 6000 parts of fine sand and 2000 parts of pumice powder.

233. Lustrin luster starch.

Take 15 parts of boric acid, 19 parts of borax, 3 parts of stearin, 3 parts of white wax and boil with a sufficient amount of soda solution (20 | B.) until a homogeneous liquid mass is formed, which is then dried. The resulting product is mixed with 500 parts of rice starch powder,

234. Miruar tiles.

To make the linen shine, melt 3 parts of paraffin and 2 parts of stearin and pour the liquid mass into the forms. These tiles are either added to the hot starch paste, or they are lightly lubricated with the smooth surface of the iron and ironed once again the ironed linen. You can also rub them linen before ironing.

235. Paints for fabrics.

Convenience and cheapness of aniline dyes made it possible to dye things at home. Recently, a large number of different ink bags have been launched onto the market. For convenience, aniline dyes are mixed with dextrin and each bag is supplied with instructions for use.
It is clear to everyone that when dyeing colored matter it’s impossible to dye dark matter in light paint. Only white matter can be painted in any color. Yellow matter can be painted in orange, red, green, brown, gray and black. When coloring dark blue, violet or weak black paint turns olive color. Red matter can be painted in red, purple, brown. When coloring dark blue, dark green and black paint dark brown shades turn out. Purple matter can be painted in purple, dark gray and brown. When painted with orange paint turns brown, and when painted with dark green paint - dark bronze-brown color. Blue matter can be painted in blue, purple, black, brown and dark green. When painted with orange paint turns brown. Green matter can be dyed in green, brown and dark gray. When painting with black paint it turns out dark green, reaching black color. Brown matter can be colored brown or black. When you use red paint turns red-brown, and when applying black or dark blue paint - a dark brown color. Gray matter can be painted in gray, brown, dark red or dark green. If the matter is light gray, then it can be painted blue. When painted with violet paint, it turns gray-violet, and when painted with dark blue paint it turns dark blue, reaching black. Black matter can only be painted black.
Previously, various mordants were used for dyeing, but milling aniline paints are not required. The processing of all matters is the same.
The use of aniline paints next. Freed from stains and washed in warm soapy water, rinsed thoroughly in water, placed in such an amount of rain or river water in a clay or copper basin so that the water covers the entire fabric. Then they take the paint and dissolve it in a special vessel, boil it for a few minutes in rain or river water; they take the matter out of the water, squeeze it well over the basin, mix the dye solution into the water in which the matter has just been, and put the latter in the finished paint solution. Then heat the liquid, with continuous turning of the matter, until boiling. Then take out a matter from a basin and, having slightly wrung out, dried up on air.
If they want to give the fabric a shine, some elasticity, then it is moistened on the left side with a sponge with a weak aqueous solution of traganth and then it is ironed.
The paints should be packaged in two envelopes: one of parchment paper, the other of ordinary ink with the name of the ink printed and the method of use, and also indicating how much matter the amount of ink is calculated. Here are a few color names. Amaranth red. 8 parts of diamond fuchsin 1, 92 parts of dextrin are mixed and divided into 5 equal powders of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 250-300 g of matter.
Crimson red. 15 parts of Echtponceau No 9, 3 parts of oxalic acid, 82 parts of Dextrin are mixed and divided into 5 equal parts, 20 g each, each. Each portion is designed for coloring 100-150 matter.
Diamond paint. Mix 20 parts of Erythrosine No 1, 80 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 300-350 g of matter.
Cherry red. Mix 20 parts of Cerise DIV, 80 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each serving is calculated coloring 500-600 g of matter.
Neapolitan yellow. Mix 20 parts of Naphtogelb S pat., 4 parts of oxalic acid, 76 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each serving is designed for 200-250 g of silk or wool (not suitable for cotton fabrics).
Golden orange. Mix 30 parts of Orange II, 6 parts of oxalic acid, 64 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 300-400 g of matter.
Coffee brown. Mix 40 parts of Vesuvin B, 60 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 200-250 g of matter.
Neapolitan brown. Mix 25 parts of Vesuvin S, 75 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 300-350 g of matter.
Red and purple. Mix 30 parts of Methyl-Violett R, 70 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 400-500 g of matter.
Blue-violet. 25 parts of Methyl-Violett 3B are mixed, 75 parts of dextrin and divided into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 400-500 g of matter.
Azure blue. Mix 12 parts of Wasserblau IB, 3 parts of oxalic acid, 85 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 250-300 g of matter.
Cornflower blue. Mix 12 parts of Wasserblau TV, 3 parts of oxalic acid, 85 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 150-200 g of matter.
Navy blue. Mix 20 parts of Neuvictoriagrun II, 20 parts of Methyl-Violett B, 60 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 400-450 g of matter.
Dark blue Mix 40 parts of Echtblau R, 10 parts of oxalic acid, 50 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 200-250 g of silk or wool (not suitable for cotton matter).
Malachite green. Mix 25 parts of Malachitgrun II, 75 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 500-600 g of matter.
Pearl Gray. Mix 15 parts of Nigrosin B, 5 parts of oxalic acid, 80 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for coloring 200-250 g of silk or wool (not suitable for cotton matter).
Slate black. Mix 30 parts of Anilin Tiefschwara R, 10 parts of oxalic acid, 60 parts of dextrin and divide into 5 equal parts of 20 g each. Each portion is designed for dyeing 50-100 g of silk or wool (not suitable for cotton).