As one potato planted the entire cottage
As you understand, we are talking about growing sprouts. Cuttings potatoes multiply relatively rarely. The usual breeding method for potatoes is planting tubers. But to obtain the greatest possible number of individual plants, grafting is used. In order to get the best tubers for further breeding of a variety, sorting must be the most rigorous. If small tubers are used from year to year for sowing, the variety can really degenerate.
In order to obtain the greatest possible yield from a small number of tubers, it is necessary to resort to grafting. Through this method, fabulous harvests can be obtained from a single tuber: American seed companies announced a prize for the highest crop of potatoes obtained in one summer, and the first prizes were given to cultivators representing from one tuber to 1600 pieces; so that this figure does not seem akin to sensational American news in general, we add that the famous Russian cultivator and gardener F. Demur considers it possible in one summer to get 6300 plants from one tuber! Of course, to obtain such results, expensive devices are needed, a lot of trouble.
Here is a more affordable method. Two months before planting, begin sprouting potatoes, to do this, create a new regime: gradually increase the temperature and humidity of the air, bring it up to those expected in the soil during planting. Sprouts grown in the dark.
The larger the potatoes, the better. It is desirable that they were weighing at least 60 g . The term of vernalization depends on the temperature in the room; the higher it is, the faster the potatoes sprout. But it is desirable to germinate them slowly, in which case the sprouts are the same, they grow more, they are better. If, say, the landing will be in the first decade of May, then the vernalization should begin in the second half of March. On the first week, the air temperature is set to 15-20 degrees. Then gradually decreases to what is expected in the soil during planting. If at the time of planting the soil is not warmed up, the shoots must be stopped in growth. For this include a faint light. You can give and natural. If, on the contrary, potatoes are late with growth, the length of sprouts is insufficient, the temperature in the room must be raised, but so that by the time of planting it coincides with the temperature of the soil. When temperature drops sprouts die. It is best if the length of the germ is not less 10 cm . Non-standard sprouts are suitable for planting, but they should be planted 3-6 in bundles. Feed the tubers with vernalization should be sprayed on 100 liters water 30 g . superphosphate 100 g . ammonium nitrate. The temperature of the solution is equal to the room temperature. If you do not have the above preparations, you can simply moisten the tubers with water at room temperature. In addition, it is necessary to ventilate the room every week. When yellow spots appear, the plants should be sprayed with a one percent solution of ammonium nitrate. Here you have to be very careful, because with the slightest increase in concentration, the sprouts may die. In good conditions (top dressing, normal moisture content in tubers, etc.), each eye gives not one sprout, but several. With constant feeding, the tuber fully retains its nutritional value, it is possible to get repeated sprouts from it. The third time you can plant it yourself, it will give a good harvest. Sprouts are placed in the container with root ends in one direction and moistened. In addition, the shoots should be protected from direct sunlight.
The soil should be wet and loose. Sprouts can be planted in any position: vertical, horizontal, at an angle, but preferably horizontally. It is impossible to plant across the bed, as in this case, the plant will go into the groove and fall under the hiller. Planting depth depends on the soil structure: if the soil is light and sandy - depth is 6- 8 cm . if heavy - 4- 6 cm . Distance between sprouts in rows 5- 10 cm ., the distance between the grooves 45- 50 cm . After planting, you need to water the field every day, until the shoots take root. And if the temperature rises above 20 degrees - water more often, otherwise the growth will stop. Fertilizers are preferably applied in the fall. The norm is the same as in the tuber planting. Organic fertilizers - only rotten, rotted plants. Lumpy manure is not allowed. Cover fertilizer evenly. Feed sprouts only after hilling the field. Sprouts are capricious and tender, without moisture there can not be an hour. If there is no moisture, their development stops, sprouts die. Therefore, it is necessary to follow the technology very strictly, otherwise all annual labor will disappear. You can also plant natural sprouts grown in a dark room. Such sprouts, breaking them off, you need to immediately moisten. Plant as well as artificially grown. You only need to know at what temperature the natural sprouts grew in order to plant them in the soil of the same temperature. If there are yellow spots, sprouts should be sprayed with a one percent solution of ammonium nitrate. Plant 3-4 furrows together in the furrow. For sprout planting pests are very dangerous. Especially the Colorado beetle. Control needs daily, in which case - immediate action.
After reading all this, you say: it hurts a lot of messing around with potatoes, it’s still easier to grow potatoes as before. But the simplest calculation shows the following: in order to get the same crop as in a normal planting, this method requires an area 5-7 times smaller. For a family of 3-4 people need to grow 300- 400 kg potatoes (on average). For this method of planting sprouts will require 30- 40 square meters m ., and by ordinary standards - 150 200 square meters. m . Well, the bed in 30 40 square meters m . and watering and caring for her is easier than two hundred square meters. As you can see, the benefits are obvious. Another thing is that many people like the old, obsolete, reluctantly introduce new methods, especially in such areas as agriculture.