How to plant a whole potato with a potato
As you understand, we are talking about growing sprouts. Cuttings reproduce comparatively rarely. The usual way to grow potatoes is planting tubers. But in order to obtain as many separate plants as possible, cuttings are used. In order to obtain the best tubers for the further reproduction of any variety, the sorting must be the most stringent. If from year to year to use for sowing small tubers, the variety can really degenerate.
In order to obtain from a small number of tubers the greatest possible harvest, it is necessary to resort to cuttings. By means of this method, one can get fabulous crops from one tuber: American seed companies announced a premium for the highest potato crop obtained in one summer, and the first prizes were given to cultivators, who presented from one tuber to 1600 pieces; so that this figure does not seem akin to sensational American news in general, we add that the well-known Russian horticultural cultivator F. Demur believes it is possible in one summer to get 6,300 plants from one tuber! Of course, to obtain such results, expensive devices are needed, a lot of trouble.
Here is a more accessible method. Two months before planting, to start germinating potatoes, for this, create a new regime: the temperature and humidity of air gradually increase, bring to those that are expected in the soil during planting. Sprouts grow in the dark.
The more potatoes are bigger, the better. It is desirable that they be at least 60 grams . The period of vernalization depends on the temperature in the room; the higher it is, the faster the potatoes grow. But it is desirable to germinate them slowly, in this case the shoots are the same, they grow larger, they are better. If, say, landing is in the first decade of May, then vernalization should begin in the second half of March. For the first week, the air temperature is set to 15-20 degrees. Then gradually decreases to the expected in the soil during planting. If by the time of planting the soil has not warmed up, the sprouts need to be suspended in growth. To do this, include a weak light. You can give and natural. If, on the contrary, the potato is late with growth, the length of the shoots is not sufficient, the temperature in the room should be increased, but so that at the time of planting it coincides with the temperature of the soil. With a drop in temperature, the sprouts die. Best if the length of the sprout is not less than 10 centimeters . Non-standard sprouts are suitable for planting, but it is necessary to plant them 3-6 pieces in bundles. To feed tubers during vernalization it is necessary to spray, on 100 l water 30 grams . superphosphate, 100 g . ammonium nitrate. The temperature of the solution is equal to the temperature in the room. If you do not have the above drugs, you can simply moisten the tubers with water at room temperature. In addition, you need to ventilate the room every week. When yellow patches appear, the plants should be sprayed with a 1% solution of ammonium nitrate. Here you need to be very careful, since with the slightest increase in concentration, the sprouts may die. In good conditions (fertilizing, normal moisture content in tubers, etc.), each eye gives not one germ, but several. With constant feeding, the tuber fully preserves its nutritional value, from which it is possible to obtain repeated shoots. The third time you can plant it yourself, it will yield a good harvest. Sprouts are placed in a container with their root ends in one direction and moistened. In addition, sprouts should be protected from direct sunlight.
The soil must be moist and loose. Sprouts can be planted in any position: vertical, horizontal, at an angle, but preferably horizontally. It can not be planted across the beds, since in this case the plant will come out into the furrow and fall under the hiller. The depth of planting depends on the structure of the soil: if the soil is light and sandy, the depth of the 6- 8 centimeters ., if heavy - 4- 6 cm . Distance between sprouts in the rows of 5- 10 centimeters ., the distance between the grooves of the 45- 50 centimeters . After planting, you need to water the field every day until the shoots take root. And if the temperature rises above 20 degrees - water more often, otherwise the growth will stop. Fertilizers should preferably be applied in the autumn. The norm is the same as in the tuberous planting. Organic fertilizers are only rotted, overgrown plants. No manure is available. Fill up the fertilizer evenly. To feed sprouts only after hilling the field. Sprouts are capricious and tender, without moisture, there can not be an hour. If there is no moisture, their development stops, the sprouts are killed. Therefore, it is necessary to follow technology very strictly, otherwise all annual work will be lost. You can plant and natural sprouts grown in a dark room. Such sprouts, breaking them, you need to immediately moisturize. Plant as well as grown artificially. Only you need to know at what temperature natural sprouts grew to plant them in soil of the same temperature. If there are yellow spots, sprouts should be sprayed with a 1% solution of ammonium nitrate. Plant in a furrow for 3-4 sprouts together. For plant propagation, pests are very dangerous. Especially the Colorado beetle. Control is needed daily, in which case - immediate measures.
After reading all this, you will say: it hurts a lot of fuss with potatoes is offered, it is easier to still grow potatoes in the old way. But the simplest calculation shows the following: in order to obtain the same crop as in a normal planting, this method requires an area 5-7 times smaller. For a family of 3-4 people you need to grow a 300- 400 kg potatoes (on average). To do this, according to the method of planting shoots, a 30- 40 sq. M. m ., and by usual measures - a 150- 200 sq. M. m . Well, the bed in the 30- 40 sq. M. m . and water, and take care of it easier than two hundred. As you can see, the benefits are obvious. Another thing is that many like the old, obsolete, reluctant to introduce new methods, especially in an area such as agriculture.