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Jewelry mini-factory at home

Ювелирный мини-завод на дому

For the preparation of artificial gemstones, first of all, good smoothness is required, giving the so-called "rhinestones" and forming the basis of artificial stones. These glass fluids require the following materials: a) rock crystal, powdered into powder, b) borax or other sodium salt, c) potassium nitrate, d) lead carbonate (white), e) red lead, e) metal oxide, which paints .

The various components (each separately) are crushed into powder, sifted through a frequent sieve, placed in a crucible covered with a clay lid, and fused into the total mass with a long but careful glowing (preferably in a muffle furnace). The resulting glass should be slowly cooled, so as not to cause cracks. From the glass obtained, the necessary products are distinguished according to the method of casting in molds or grinding chipped pieces.

1. Artificial Aquamarine

36 parts of crystal, 12 parts of soda, 11.25 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of red lead, 3.75 parts of nitrate, 0.5 parts of iron oxide, 0.25 parts of carbon dioxide are pounded and fused. Instead of copper salt, you can add 0.1 hours of cobalt carbonate.

2. Artificial garnet

37.5 parts of rock crystal, 11.25 parts of soda, 8.5 parts of borax, 5.5 parts of red lead, 0.25 parts of manganese sulphate, 0.2 parts of iron oxide are melted and fused.

3. Artificial Azure Stone

22.5 parts of rock crystal, 7.5 parts of soda, 5.5 parts of borax, 1.5 parts of nitrate, 3.75 parts of bones, burned white, 0.125 parts of cobalt carbonate are crushed and fused.

4. Artificial Opal

37.5 parts of rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 5.5 parts of red lead, 1 part of saltpeter, 5.5 parts of bones burned white, 0.125 parts of silver chloride are pounded and fused.

5. Artificial ruby

Tolled and fused: a) 24 parts of rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 11.5 parts of borax, 11.25 parts of red lead, 5.5 hours of nitrate, 1 part of cassium purpura, 0.5 parts of sulfur antimony; or b) 24 parts of rock crystal, 6.25 parts of borax, 2.5 parts of saltpeter, 1 part of cassium purpura, 3.75 parts of ammonia (in powder).

6. Artificial Sapphire

Crushed and fused a) 36 parts of rock crystal, 22.5 parts of soda, 7.5 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of red lead, 3.75 parts of nitrate, 0.33 parts of cobalt carbonate; or b) 24 hours of rock crystal, 12 hours of soda, 5.5 hours of red lead, 1.25 hours of saltpeter, 1.25 hours of carbon dioxide of copper.

7. Artificial Emerald

Crushed and fused a) 36 parts of rock crystal, 22.5 parts of soda, 7.5 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of red lead, 3.75 parts of nitrate, 1.25 parts of iron oxide, 0.66 copper carbonate; or b) 36 parts of rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 7.5 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of red lead, 2.5 parts of nitrate, 0.1 parts of cobalt carbonate, 0.66 hours of chromium carbonate .

8. Artificial tourmaline

a) To obtain tourmaline reddish-brown color is pounded and fused: 36 parts of rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 11.25 parts of borax, 5.5 hours of red lead, 5.5 hours of saltpeter, 0.5 hours. nickel oxides. b) To obtain tourmaline from bulbous green to blue, 22.5 parts of rock crystal, 48 parts of glass, 22.5 parts of red lead, 12 hours of borax, 2.5 parts of saltpeter, 0.1 are crushed and fused. including cobalt carbonate.

With this mixture, you can accidentally get topaz and chrysolite, if there is a small dose of iron in the mixture. You can also achieve this by replacing cobalt carbonate with 0.25 parts of yellow uranium oxide.

9. Artificial chrysolite

22.5 parts of rock crystal, 22.5 parts of soda, 5.75 parts of borax, 3.75 parts of nitrate, 0.125 parts of manganese sulphate are pounded and fused. You can also forge amethyst with manganese ore, and for only 24 parts of the mixture, only 0.0625 parts of manganese ore should be put.

10. Artificial Chrysoprase

36 parts of rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 11.25 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of red lead, 1.25 parts of nitrate, 7.5 parts of bone, burned white, 125 parts of carbon dioxide , 0.25 parts of iron oxide, 5 parts of chromium carbonate. Light shades can be obtained by using only 0.25 oxides of the three metals (copper, iron and chromium).