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Jewelry mini-factory at home

Ювелирный мини-завод на дому

For the preparation of artificial precious stones, first and foremost, good fins are required, giving the so-called "rhinestones" and making up the basis of artificial stones. These glass fins require the following materials: a) rock crystal powdered, b) borax or other sodium salt, c) potassium nitrate, d) carbonate lead (whitewash), e) lead oxide, e) metal oxide, which is colored by melting .

The various constituents (each separately) are poured into a powder, sifted through a frequent sieve, placed in a melting pot covered with a clay lid, and fused to the total mass with a long, but gentle incandescence (best in a muffle furnace). The resulting glass should be cooled slowly to avoid cracks. From the received glass necessary products are allocated by a way of casting in the forms or grinding of the chipped pieces.

1. Artificial aquamarine

Tolkut and alloy 36 parts of crystal, 12 parts of soda, 11.25 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of curd, 3.75 parts of saltpeter, 0.5 parts of iron oxide, 0.25 parts of carbonic copper. Instead of copper salt, you can add 0.1 part of carbonic cobalt.

2. Artificial garnet

Tolkut and alloy 37.5 parts rock crystal, 11.25 parts of soda, 8.5 parts of borax, 5.5 parts of curd, 0.25 parts of manganese sulphate, 0.2 parts of iron oxide.

3. Artificial azure stone

Tolkut and alloy 22.5 parts rock crystal, 7.5 parts of soda, 5.5 parts of borax, 1.5 parts of saltpeter, 3.75 parts of bones, burnt white, 0.125 parts of carbonic cobalt.

4. Artificial opal

Tolkut and alloy 37.5 parts rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 5.5 parts of curd, 1 ounce of saltpeter, 5.5 parts of bones, burnt, 0.125 parts of silver chloride.

5. Artificial ruby

Tolkut and alloy: a) 24 hours rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 11.5 parts of borax, 11.25 parts of curd, 5.5 parts of saltpeter, 1 part of cassia purpura, 0.5 parts of sulphurous antimony; or b) 24 hours of rock crystal, 6.25 parts of borax, 2.5 parts of saltpeter, 1 part of cassia purpura, 3.75 parts of ammonia (in powder).

6. Artificial sapphire

Tolkut and alloy a) 36 hours rock crystal, 22.5 parts of soda, 7.5 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of groundhog, 3.75 parts of saltpeter, 0.33 parts of carbonic cobalt; or b) 24 hours rock crystal, 12 parts soda, 5.5 parts suricum, 1.25 parts of saltpeter, 1.25 parts of copper carbonate.

7. Artificial emerald

Tolkut and alloy a) 36 hours rock crystal, 22.5 parts of soda, 7.5 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of groundhair, 3.75 parts of saltpeter, 1.25 parts of iron oxide, 0.66 parts of copper carbonate; or b) 36 hours of rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 7.5 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of curd, 2.5 parts of saltpeter, 0.1 part of carbonic cobalt, 0.66 parts of carbonic chromium .

8. Artificial tourmaline

a) For the production of tourmaline, the reddish-brown color is pounded and fused: 36 parts rock crystal, 12 parts soda, 11.25 parts borax, 5.5 parts curd, 5.5 parts saltpeter, 0.5 hour. nickel oxide. b) For the production of tourmaline from bulbous green to blue color, 22.5 parts of rock crystal, 48 parts of glass, 22.5 hours of toad, 12 parts of borax, 2.5 parts of saltpeter, 0.1 h. carbonic acid cobalt.

With this mixture, you can accidentally get topaz and chrysolite, if in the mixture there is a small dose of iron. It is also possible to achieve this by replacing carbonic cobalt with 0.25 ppm of yellow uranium oxide.

9. Artificial chrysolite

Tolkut and alloy 22.5 parts rock crystal, 22.5 parts of soda, 5.75 parts of borax, 3.75 parts of saltpeter, 0.125 parts of manganese sulphate. With manganese ore, you can also forge amethyst, and for 24 hours the mixture should be put only 0.0625 parts of manganese ore.

10. Artificial chrysoprase

Tolkut and alloy 36 parts of rock crystal, 12 parts of soda, 11.25 parts of borax, 7.5 parts of curd, 1.25 parts of saltpeter, 7.5 parts of bones, burned, 125 parts of copper carbonate , 0.25 parts of iron oxide, 5 parts of chromium carbonate. Light shades can be obtained by consuming only 0.25 oxides of three metals (copper, iron and chromium).