How to get rid of midges in an apartment
Litter (Simuliidae) is a family of Diptera insects, the adult females are in most cases a component of the nasal complex. At the moment in the world fauna there are about 1800 species of midges. The nearest living relatives of midges are mosquitoes-derguns. Moss are carriers of several diseases, including river blindness in Africa (Simulium damnosum and S. neavei) and America (S. callidum and S. metallicum in Central America, S. ochraceum in Central and South America). Fossil midges are known from the Middle Jurassic.
Moss in an apartment or house are not the most harmless insects. They refer to pests, spoiling products, houseplants. From midges in the house should be disposed of through preventive measures and available improvised means.
Drosophila melanogaster, otherwise fruit, or acetic fly - small, about 3 mm in length, an insect of the family Drosophiliadae from the order Diptera. These flies can be seen around the spoiled fruit. In nature, also eat the juice of plants, rotting plant remains. Larvae also feed on microorganisms. Drosophila (we call it "wine fly") goes to the wine smell.
The causes of the appearance of midges in the house
Moshkara in the house can appear from:
- flower pot;
- flowers in a vase;
- fruits, vegetables;
- the basement;
- neighboring apartments.
Such flying moths are called fruit flies. They reproduce very quickly, because if they do not immediately take measures to get rid of them, soon the hordes of these importunate small insects will hang over products in the house, ready dishes in the kitchen, a trash can and over the greenhouse with indoor plants. It would be much more correct to prevent the appearance of midges in the house, so that afterwards they did not have to fight with them.
Preventing the appearance of midges in the apartment
To the midges do not penetrate into the house and do not breed in the apartment, the reasons for their appearance should be prevented. These are the rules you need to follow, so that Sims never were in the dwelling:
- trash cans should not be wet, their bottom should be wiped with a paper napkin to dryness, and best of all - constantly cover it with a disposable food package and discard its contents every day;
- it is necessary to monitor the wet spots in the kitchen and eliminate them in time, for example, under the refrigerator, moisture is often collected, causing the reproduction of Simuliidae - such "foci" of Simuliidae should be wiped and dried;
- it is necessary to look through all the products in the house often - to make sure that there are no signs of rot, so that they do not lie in the open outside the refrigerator;
- Pet bowls need to be washed after each meal;
- for hygiene in the apartment you need to constantly monitor, so that on different surfaces there are not formed old stains from spilled food liquids;
- When cleaning rooms, baths and especially the kitchen, you need to use antibacterial disinfectants;
- you must not forget to monitor the condition of indoor plants - do not pour water on them when watering, treat leaves with drugs from aphids and midges.
Methods for breeding midges
When detecting midges in the house, you must first pay attention to the place around which they swirl, where they sit. Moss will lead to a problematic place in the kitchen or in the house. It is necessary to get out of the way at this point urgently - wash the trash can, if the midges swirl over it, wipe the floor with detergents, if they sit on it and so on.
When circling gnats over houseplants you need to stick into the ground, which is in pots, ordinary matches with sulfur heads inside. Sulfur on the heads of matches scares away midges. Also it is required to shorten the watering of flowers. After disposing of houseplants from seedlings of Simuliidae, a small decorative stone should be poured on top of each pot to prevent the emergence of new hordes of insects.
One of the simple and effective means of getting rid of midges is a vacuum cleaner. This household appliance should suck the gnats inside the unit. After that, the bag or capacity of the vacuum cleaner, which collects dust and debris during the operation of the equipment, must be taken out of the house and shaken out into the garbage cans away from your house.
Moses can be lured by traps. For example, in the evening, cover the unleached after sweet yogurt glass with a food film with holes. To enhance the action in the glass, you can put a rotten fruit (a piece) - a banana, an apple, a pear. By morning you can see how a lot of flies got into the glass, which could not get out of it through the holes in the food film.
Arranged in different places in the kitchen, saucers with fruit vinegar (grape, apple) poured into them will also attract a lot of midges. In the saucer should also add a little liquid soap, so that the midges can not get out of them.
An open empty bottle from under any alcoholic beverage also attracts the midges. In the morning, such traps need to be thrown out mercilessly and as far as possible from the apartment.
To bugs do not penetrate the glazed loggia from the street or into the kitchen through the window, you need to treat mosquito nets on them or gauze with chemical fluid from the aerosol against flying insects.
Moss do not like the smell of essential oils of cloves, orange, tea tree, lavender. These essential oils can be dripped in places of "living" of the midges, to prevent their appearance.