First of all, let us recall the generally accepted method of growing potatoes. Since autumn make manure - 600 kg one hundred square meters and digging up the earth. In the spring, they re-dig, level and make holes in rows at a distance 30 cm from each other. Between the rows left 70 cm . Select for planting tubers weighing 50- 70 g each. If the manure has not been scattered since the fall, then in the spring, already rotten or half-ripe manure is brought into the wells; and it will need 200 300 kg per hundred. The same amount is recommended at this time to bring ash and 5- 7 g (teaspoon) nitroammofoski . Sprouted tubers are laid out at a depth of 6- 8 cm . Land after landing level. Before the emergence of shoots, the earth is again loosened to remove the crust. Twice per season, after rain or abundant watering, planting spud.
On one weave spend 22- 30 kg potatoes or 435 tubers. Harvest - about 200 kg with weave.
The technology of Vladimir Petrovich Ushakov, who works in the Solnechnogorsk district of the Moscow region, is based on the use of manure processed into biohumus and a particularly careful attitude to soil organisms, which he calls "living matter".
In early March, in the pits of manure V.P. Ushakov punches holes with a crowbar all the way to the ground and by the end of April he gets a semi-overwhelmed mass containing a lot of earthworms and microorganisms.
Vladimir Petrovich begins to cultivate the land rather late, from April 28 to May 15, when at a depth of 10- 12 cm the earth warms up to 8-10 0 . He does not make the beds. Soil loosens to depth 15 cm with forks without turning the bed, leveling and evenly marking the places for holes over the entire surface. Each well is in all directions from neighboring holes at a distance 45 cm (on the principle of an equilateral triangle). It makes them wide enough and deep.
In each falls asleep about
rotted manure with worms and covers the top with a layer of soil in 2-
Germinated tubers weighing 70-
with 5-7 shoots planted at a depth of 6-
Covers the top of the soil, taken when digging the next hole, without turning the layer.
When the tops of potatoes grow to 20 25 cm , conducts circular hilling only once, leaving the top 5 unused 8 cm tops.
No further care, including watering, is required.
He cleans the potatoes V.P. Ushakov no later than the second half of August.
According to this technology, on the lighted area, fertile soil, and under favorable weather conditions, the variety Belarusian Pink gave a record result - 1150 kg with weave! Sort "Sineglazka" in the same conditions - 700 kg . On poor soils, potato yields, grown according to the Ushakov method, are reduced by 2 times, and if the area is not well lit, then by 4 times.
Spends V.P. Ushakov on one hundred parts of 40-50 kg of potatoes or 550 tubers.
American vegetable grower Dr. Mittlider potatoes, like other vegetables, grows on narrow ridges wide 0.45 m and length 9 m with passages no less 75 cm . On the day of planting on the nevskopanny earth makes pre-sowing fertilizer - mixture No. 1 and mixture No. 2. After applying the fertilizer, it digs up the soil and forms ridges with sides. Sprouted tubers weighing 50-70 g planted at a distance 30 cm from each other from the inside of the sides. When shoots appear, begins feeding - 4 times with an interval of 4-10 days. To this end, pours a narrow strip in the center of the ridge 450 g mixture number 2 and dissolves using watering. In dry weather, continues to water after fertilizing. Watering is especially important when the buds are picked and during the flowering period.
Some scientists believe that at the time of the Incas on these circular terraces they cultivated potatoes in
from the famous Inca capital Cusco .
Planting potatoes in the conventional way according to the method of Mittländer , Bulanov , Ushakov.
For more uniform illumination, it is better to arrange the rows from north to south.
Potato mittlider does not loosen and does not pile up, some of the tubers are sometimes close to the surface and can turn green. Therefore, during the budding period, it is recommended that the crop be planted by 2-3 cm.
On the Sotka Mittlayder places 8 ridges, spends 25-35 kg of potatoes or 490 tubers. From each ridge gets fall 70 kg potato harvest from weave 550 kg .
Viktor Bulanov , a resident of the Tula region, developed his method for 8 years. In the fall for every weave he makes 600— 800 kg manure and digs the ground on the spade bayonet (to a depth 25 cm ). In the spring, before planting, it introduces the main mineral fertilizer : r assesses on the soil surface 5 kg nitroammofoski (labeled 17-17-17) and again digs up, but to the depth 15 cm . The plot flattens and divides into unequal strip widths: beyond the 20-centimeter strip there is a strip wide 80 cm then again 20 cm etc. The direction of the bands is strictly from north to south. Along the boundaries of 20-centimeter strips, right along the soil surface, spreads germinated potato tubers at a distance 30 cm from each other. On the resulting double rows of tubers lying on flat ground, scooping the ground from broad lanes so as to cover the tubers only 2-3 cm.
As haulm grows, at least three times spud potatoes (in the spring, in the event of a cold snap, young tops should be highly spud).
Feedings V.A. Bulanov begins in early summer after the onset of stable warm weather. Three times per season with an interval of about 10 days, he pays for the running meter of the 50 g nitroammofoski - in the hollow between the rows. Fertilizes before a rain or combines top dressings with watering. So that the fertilizer solution does not flow down, when breaking up the plot at the ends of the rows, it makes sides from the ground.
When the tops close up, the feeding stops, and the tops of the neighboring rows flood one another and roll up so that a flat mound is formed without a hollow in the middle. From now on, it only periodically weeds, and in dry weather it waters (sprinkling).
Shortly before the harvest, he rolls the tops of the logs with a log and leaves them in this condition for about a week. After that, she mows it at a height of 15 20 cm and a few days later the potatoes are digging.
Weave V.A. Bulan spends 30-40 kg of potatoes or 590 tubers weighing 50- 70 g . Vintage 600- 700 kg with weave. You can get up to tons of weave!
In the summer of 1991 V.A. Bulanov studied with Dr. Mittleider at the Agricultural Seminary. In the future, he intends to combine the benefits of a balanced plant nutrition according to Mittlayder with his method.
For the second year, the potato has been cultivated using the new two-tier method proposed by Oleg Yuryevich Georgiev from the Krasnodar Territory, an experienced gardener with a long standing Marina Yanovna Stein from the Moscow Society for the Conservation of Nature. Plot for potatoes, it breaks into strips of width 30 cm with gaps between them 60-70 cm. For each 3.5 m makes 8-10 kg of humus and 0.5 kg ash. It digs up and along the edges of the strips on both sides makes grooves deep 8 cm . In the first furrow, potatoes the size of a chicken egg lay out at a distance 30 cm from each other, and the other at the same distance, but departing from the edge 15 cm . Thus, the potatoes in the second furrow are staggered with respect to the first. Ridges fall asleep and start planting the second tier of potatoes. Departing from the beginning of the first furrow 15 cm , she puts the tubers at the same distance 30 cm from each other, but already on the surface of the soil. In the second furrow from the opposite side, the tubers are also located on the soil surface, but in a staggered manner. Top rows of potatoes fall asleep to a depth 3 cm ground from the tracks. So, in each furrow there are two vertical rows of landing: one at the depth 11 cm (8 + 3 cm) and the second at a depth 3 cm , with one tuber shifted relative to another on 15 cm .
When the potato grows up to 10-15 cm, Marina Yanovna spud it to the height 20 cm only once per season. Earth for hilling takes from the tracks. As a result, each ridge takes the form of a trapezoid with four rows of potatoes - two rows at depth 31 cm and two others at depth 23 cm . Each of the two rows does not interfere with the other, being in a vertical plane.
Waters and, if necessary, feeds planting M. Stein only before flowering. The tops are cut two weeks before the harvest, leaving hemp 7- 10 cm .
Dug potatoes are treated with concentrated hydrochloric acid (1-2 g per 10 l water). It lowers the tubers for 1-2 minutes, after two or three times of use, the solution changes. After this treatment, the potatoes do not deteriorate, you can dump it to storage directly raw .