Apparatus for making "sweet cotton wool"
|Apparatus for making "sweet cotton wool"|
Preparation of "sweet cotton wool".We are pleased to present you the drawings of the device and the technology of preparation "Feshmaka." You do not need much time to make the simplest device for its preparation.
Feshmak is a caramel-like product, popularly called "sweet cotton", usually in the form of a beam of elongated, thin threads of white color.
From one kilogram of sugar is formed up to 80 portions of the finished product.
The simplest design for making a house fashmack with a capacity of approximately 160 servings per hour consists of a 220 V electric motor, power from 50 to 300 W with a rotor speed of 1250 to 1500 rpm and an aluminum disk with a diameter of 170-180 mm attached to its shaft and a thickness of 0.2 - 0.3 mm. To make a disc, you can use tin from a tin can from herring. At a distance of 350 - 400 mm from the center of the disc is installed a fence of plastic, linoleum, etc.
If you seriously decided to start making feshmak, we recommend using the construction shown in Fig. 1.
For its manufacture it is necessary to use materials provided by GOST for the food industry.
The design of the apparatus proposed by us reflects only the basic principle of producing cotton candy, it is elementary and simple to manufacture. If you want, you can improve the device yourself, mechanizing part of the manual labor.
First you need to cook caramel mass. It is prepared without preparation of molasses, which simplifies the cooking process. The mass is not candied due to the formation of invert sugar under the action of acetic essence, added in the middle of cooking. So, in a small amount of water (about 1 part of water, about 3 parts of sand), dissolve the sugar and boil for 10 minutes, then add the vinegar essence (for 1 kg of sugar, 3 ml of essence) and the mass is boiled again for 10-12 minutes. After this, the mass is brought on very low heat for 25-30 minutes. until a strong caramel sample with a moisture content of 1.5 - 1.7% is obtained. Humidity is determined by the boiling point of the mass. At the beginning of the boiling, it should be 100 - 105?, And at the end - 135 - 145 ?. Ready mass, not letting it cool, pour a thin trickle on the edge of the rotating disc (2 - 4 mm from the edge). For this it is convenient to use a small enamel ladle. Hot syrup, breaking into thousands of fine yarns, freezes at room temperature, forming a layer of "cotton wool."
If the humidity of the surrounding air is high, you can not obtain a high-quality product. In this case, you can use the closure of the device with a lid with a hole for filling the caramel mass. Disconnect the motor and separate the threads from the housing. Cut the finished product along the diameter line and the resulting semicircle roll on the table into the tube. Do the same with the second semicircle. Then cut the "wool into the desired number of portions.The product must have a white color and a pleasant sweet taste.When using food colors, the product takes on a more attractive appearance.
To maintain high quality "cotton wool", you need to clean the disc from the stuck syrup after each working cycle. Feshmak can not be stored for a long time in the open air - this is its essential drawback. Hermetic packaging and cold will keep it for a day or more.
Do not despair if from the first time the quality of the product did not suit you. The main condition for success is the accuracy of each operation.
Apparatus for cooking "feshmaka":
1 - the electric motor;
2 - the electric cord;
3 - a bolt of fastening of a disk;
4 - forming layer of cotton candy.
One of the versions of the device:
1- the electric motor;
2 - working disk;
3 - capacity of the material recommended by GOST;
4 - the bushing;
5 - a rack on wheels (4 pieces)