Electrolysis of water - the technology of the future
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Electrolysis or water instead of gasoline.
---- Obviously, the inventor from the United States, Stanley Meyer, has developed an electric cell that can separate ordinary tap water into hydrogen and oxygen with a much lower energy expenditure than that required by conventional electrolysis.
---- What does this mean for you ??? How will this affect YOUR life ??? Let me tell you why it is VERY IMPORTANT FOR YOU! This is simply the most IMPORTANT THING YOU EVER READ!
---- Think of BILLIONS of US dollars that are spent pumping substances from the soil. We send this money to ANOTHER COUNTRY! (and they fight and kill each other and want more).
---- If this invention is installed in YOUR EXISTING CAR, you will no longer spend a cent on PETROL!
---- This would mean that these BILLIONS of dollars would remain here in the good old America and would be used for medical research, new technologies, space exploration and much more.
---- THIS WOULD MAKE YOUR LIFE MUCH BETTER!
---- In addition, it will help to avoid a heap of pollution. You could power the 2 most powerful devices in your home (your Air Conditioner and Refrigerator) thanks to a system using this device ... There is no number for applications !!!!
---- THIS IS SO IMPORTANT! I CAN'T EVEN SAY HOW MUCH!
---- STOP WHAT YOU DID NOT DO AND GET THIS INFORMATION AND OTHER DATA, GIVE TO THOSE WHO KNOW WHAT TO DO WITH THEM! TAKE A DAY OFF, DO NOT TURN ON THE TV FOR SEVERAL DAYS!
---- DISTRIBUT THIS, PRINT THIS AND SEND TO RADIO STATIONS, TRANSFER BY FAX, DOWNLOAD THIS ON ALL BBS WHICH WILL BE FIND!
---- Know that OIL companies (greedy!) Will fight like DOGS to keep us from using this technology! DO NOT LET IT HAPPEN! MAKE IT PERMANENT! DO NOT WAIT FOR SOMEONE DOING IT FOR YOU!
---- You can see this article in full and with a color illustration of the device by visiting your local library and ordering a magazine.
Reprinted with abbreviations from the article in "WORLD OF ELECTRONICS - A WIRELESS WORLD", January 1991:
---- "Obviously, US inventor Stanley Meyer has developed an electric cell that can separate ordinary tap water into hydrogen and oxygen with much less energy than conventional electrolysis.
---- Demonstrations have been held before by Professor Michael Laughton, Dean of Engineering at Queen Mary College, London, Admiral Sir Anthony Griffin, former commander of the British Navy, and Dr. Keith Hindley, an English research chemist. The Mayer cell, made at home by the inventor in Grove City, Ohio, produced a much larger hydrogen-oxygen mixture than would have been expected with simple electrolysis.
---- While conventional electrolysis of water requires a current measured in amperes, the Meyer cell produces the same effect at milliamps. Moreover, ordinary tap water requires the addition of an electrolyte, for example, sulfuric acid. To increase the conductivity, the Meyer cell operates at a huge capacity with pure water.
---- According to eyewitnesses, the most striking aspect of Mayer’s cell was that it remained cold even after hours of gas production.
---- Mayer's experiments, which he considered possible to submit for patenting, earned the series of US patents presented under Section 101. The presentation of a patent under this section depends on the successful demonstration of the invention by the Patent Review Committee.
---- Meyer’s cell has much in common with an electrolytic cell, except that it works at high potential and low current better than other methods. The design is simple. The electrodes - we send those interested to Meyer - are made of parallel stainless steel plates, forming either a flat or concentric design. The gas output depends inversely on the distance between them, the distance proposed by the patent of 1.5 mm gives a good result.
---- Significant differences are in cell nutrition. Meyer uses an external inductance, which forms an oscillating circuit with a cell capacity - pure water, apparently, has a dielectric constant of about 5 - to create a parallel resonant circuit. It is excited by a powerful pulsed generator, which, together with the cell capacitance and a rectifier diode, makes up a pump circuit. A high pulse frequency produces a stepwise rising potential at the electrodes of the cell until a point is reached where the water molecule decays and a short-term current pulse arises. The measurement circuit of the supply current detects this jump and locks the pulse source for several cycles, allowing water to recover.
---- Chemical researcher Keith Hindley offers the following description of Meyer's cell demonstration: "After a day of presentations, the Griffin committee witnessed a number of important properties of the WFC (water fuel cell, as its inventor called it).
---- A group of eyewitnesses of independent scientific observers in Great Britain testified that the American inventor, Stanley Mayer, successfully decomposes ordinary tap water into its constituent elements through a combination of high-voltage pulses, with an average current consumption measured in milliamps only. The recorded gas outlet was sufficient to show the hydrogen-oxygen flame that instantly melted the steel.
---- Compared with ordinary high-current electrolysis, eyewitnesses noted the absence of any heating of the cell. Mayer declined to comment on details that would allow scientists to reproduce and evaluate his “water cell. However, he provided a sufficiently detailed description of the US Patent Office to convince them that he could justify his application for an invention.
---- One demonstration cell was equipped with two parallel excitation electrodes. After filling with tap water, the electrodes generated gas at very low current levels - no more than tenths of an ampere, and even milliamps, as Meyer states - the gas output increased when the electrodes moved closer, and decreased when they moved away. The potential in the pulse reached tens of thousands of volts.
---- The second cell contained 9 cells with double stainless steel tubes and produced much more gas. A series of photographs was taken showing gas production at a milliampere level. When the voltage was brought to its limit, the gas exited in a very impressive amount.
---- "We noticed that the water at the top of the cell slowly began to stain from pale cream to dark brown, we are almost sure of the effect of chlorine in highly chlorinated tap water on stainless steel tubes used to excite & quot.
---- He demonstrated gas production at milliamps and kilovolts.
---- "The most remarkable observation is that the WFC and all its metal tubes remained completely cold to the touch, even after more than 20 minutes of operation. The" cleaving molecules "mechanism develops exceptionally little heat compared to electrolysis, where the electrolyte heats up quickly."
---- The result allows you to consider the efficient and controlled production of gas, which occurs quickly and is safe to operate. We clearly saw how increasing and decreasing potential is used to control gas production. We saw how the gas flow stopped and started again, respectively, when the input voltage was turned off and on again. "
---- "After hours of discussion among ourselves, we concluded that Steve Meyer came to invent a completely new method for decomposing water, which revealed some features of classical electrolysis. This is confirmed by the fact that his devices, really working, taken from his collection , are certified by US patents for different parts of the WFC system, since they were presented under Section 101 of the US Patent Office, the equipment included in the patents was verified experimentally by the experts of the US Patent Office, their second experts and all applications have been installed. "
---- "The core WFC has undergone a three-year test. This has raised the granted patents to the level of independent, critical, scientific, and engineering confirmation that the devices actually work as described."
---- A practical demonstration of Mayer’s cell is significantly more convincing than the pseudo-scientific jargon used to explain it. The inventor personally talked about the distortion and polarization of a water molecule, which leads to independent bond breaking under the influence of an electric field gradient, resonance within the molecule, which enhances the effect.
---- Apart from the abundant release of oxygen and hydrogen and minimal heating of the cell, eyewitnesses also report that the water inside the cell disappears quickly, passing into its components in the form of aerosols from a huge number of tiny bubbles covering the cell surface.
---- Meyer said that he has been working with a hydrogen-oxygen mixture converter for the past 4 years, using a chain of 6 cylindrical cells.
Brief Description of Drawings
FIGURE 1 illustrates the scheme used in the process.
FIGURE 2 shows a “water condenser” in perspective.
FIGURES 3a through 3f illustrate the theoretical basis of the phenomena observed during the functioning of the invention.
---- Description of the best implementation:
---- Briefly, the invention is a method for producing a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen and other gases dissolved in water.
---- The process is as follows:
(A) a capacitor in which water is enclosed as a dielectric fluid between the plates, included in a series resonant circuit with a choke
(B) a pulsating unipolar voltage is applied to the capacitor, in which the polarity is not connected in any way with external grounding, due to which the water molecules in the capacitor are subject to a charge of the same polarity and the molecules are stretched by the action of electric polar forces
(C) select the frequency of the pulses entering the capacitor corresponding to the natural frequency of the resonance of the molecule
(D) prolonged action of pulses in resonance mode leads to the fact that the level of vibrational energy of molecules increases with each pulse
(E) the combination of a pulsating and constant electric field leads to the fact that at some moment the strength of the electric bond in the molecule is weakened so that the strength of the external electric field exceeds the binding energy, and the oxygen and hydrogen atoms are released as independent gases
(F) collecting a ready-to-use mixture of oxygen, hydrogen, and other gases dissolved in water as fuel.
The sequence of processes is shown in the following Table 1, in which water molecules undergo an increase in electric forces. In the normal state, randomly oriented water molecules align with the external field.
---- Structural parameters based on knowledge of theoretical principles make it possible to calculate the energy of direct and pulsed current necessary for the decomposition of water.
---- TABLE 1
Sequence of states of a water molecule
and / or hydrogen / oxygen / other atoms:
B. orientation of molecules along field lines
C. Polarization of the molecule
D. elongation of the molecule
E. covalent bond cleavage
F. gas release
---- The optimal gas yield is achieved in the resonant circuit. The frequency is selected equal to the resonant frequency of the molecules.
---- For the manufacture of capacitor plates, T-304 stainless steel is preferred, which does not interact with water, oxygen, and hydrogen.
---- The begun gas outflow is controlled by decrease in operational parameters. Since the resonant frequency is fixed, the performance can be controlled by changing the pulse voltage, shape or number of pulses.
---- The boost coil is wound on a conventional toroidal ferrite core 1.50 inches in diameter and 0.25 inches thick. The primary coil contains 200 turns of 24 gauge, the secondary 600 turns of 36 gauge.
---- A diode of the type 1N1198 is used to rectify an alternating voltage. The duty cycle pulses are applied to the primary winding 2. The transformer provides a voltage increase of 5 times, although the optimal coefficient is selected in a practical way. The throttle contains 100 turns of caliber 24, in diameter 1 inch. There should be a short break in the pulse train. No current flows through an ideal capacitor. Considering water as an ideal capacitor, we make sure that energy will not be spent on heating the water.
---- Real water has some residual conductivity due to the presence of impurities. It is better if the water in the cell is chemically pure. No electrolyte is added to the water.
---- In the process of electrical resonance, any level of potential can be achieved.
---- As noted above, the capacitance depends on the dielectric constant of water and the size of the capacitor.
---- In the example circuit of FIGURE. 1 two 4 inch long concentric cylinders make up the condenser. The distance between the surfaces of the cylinders is 0.0625 inches. The resonance in the circuit was achieved with a 26 volt pulse applied to the primary winding.
In any resonant circuit, when resonance is reached, the current is minimum and the output voltage is maximum. The calculation of the resonant frequency is traditional. The second inductance is adjusted depending on the purity of the water so that the potential applied to the water is constant. Water flow is controlled in any suitable way.
Setting up the machine is easy for a qualified technician.
*** END OF TEXT TEXT ***
---- Diode 1N1198 can be replaced with NTE5995 or ECG5994. These are pulse diodes for 40 amperes of 600 volts (40 A - where so much ?!).
---- T304 stainless steel is great, but other types should work the same. The T304 is simply more affordable.
---- The outer tube is sized for 3/4 inch 16 gauge (wall thickness 0.06 inch), 4 inches long. 1/2 inch 18 gauge inner tube (0.049 inch wall, this is an approximate size for this tube, the actual gauge cannot be calculated from patent documentation, but this size should work), 4 inches long.
---- You will need to attach two conductors to the tubes. Use stainless rods and ACID-FREE SOLDER for this! (someday this water will still return to your water tap).
---- You should also provide for the tubes to be separated. This can be done with a small piece of plastic. It should not impede the free passage of water. It is not indicated whether there should be water inside the tube. It seems that it is there, but this does not affect the operation of the device at all. The patent does not say, but I would think that some insulation of the wires would not damage (and, apparently, should not be dangerous).
---- The frequency was not printed, based on the size of the coils and transformer, the frequency does not exceed 50 Mhz. Do not run into this fact, this is just my guess.