Electrolysis of water - the technology of the future
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Electrolysis or water instead of gasoline.
---- It is obvious that the inventor from the USA, Stanley Meyer, has developed an electrical cell that allows dividing ordinary tap water into hydrogen and oxygen with much less energy than is required during normal electrolysis.
---- What does this mean for you ??? How will this affect YOUR life ??? Let me tell you why this is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT FOR YOU! This is simply the most IMPORTANT THING YOU EVER READ!
---- Think of the billions of US dollars that are spent on pumping substances from the soil. We send this money to a different country! (and they fight and kill each other and want more).
---- If this invention is installed in YOUR EXISTING CAR, you will no longer spend a cent on GASOLINE!
---- This would mean that these BILLIONS of dollars would remain here, in good old America, and would be used for medical research, new technologies, space research, and more.
---- THIS WOULD MAKE YOUR LIFE MUCH BETTER!
---- In addition, it will help avoid heaps of pollution. You could power the 2 most powerful devices in your home (your Air Conditioner and Refrigerator) thanks to a system using this device ... Applications have no number !!!!
---- THIS IS SO IMPORTANT! I CAN'T EVEN SAY AS MUCH!
---- STOP WHAT YOU NEED TO DO AND GET THIS INFORMATION AND OTHER DATA, GIVE THOSE WHO KNOWS WHAT TO DO WITH THEM! TAKE THE OUTPUT, DO NOT TURN ON THE TV FOR A FEW DAYS!
---- DISTRIBUTE THIS, PRINT THIS AND SEND TO THE RADIO STATION, TRANSMIT BY FAX, DOWNLOAD THIS ON ALL THE BBS YOU FIND!
---- Know that OIL companies (greedy!) Will fight like DOGS to keep us from using this technology! DO NOT ALLOW THIS TO HAPPEN! MAKE THIS A PUBLIC PRINCIPLE! DO NOT WAIT, THAT SOMEONE WILL DO IT FOR YOU!
---- You can see this article in full and with a color illustration of the device by visiting your local library and ordering a magazine.
Reprinted with abbreviations from the article in "WORLD OF ELECTRONICS - WIRELESS-WORLD", January 1991:
---- "It is obvious that the inventor from the USA, Stanley Meyer, developed an electrical cell that allows you to separate ordinary tap water into hydrogen and oxygen with much less energy than is required during conventional electrolysis.
---- Demonstrations were held before by Professor Michael Laughton, Dean of Engineering at Queen Mary College, London, Admiral Sir Anthony Griffin, former commander of the British Navy, and Dr. Keith Hindley, an English research chemist. Meyer's cell, made by the inventor at home in Grove City, Ohio, produced a much more hydrogen-oxygen mixture than would have been expected with simple electrolysis.
---- While ordinary water electrolysis requires a current measured in amperes, the Mayer cell produces the same effect at milliamperes. Moreover, ordinary tap water requires the addition of an electrolyte, such as sulfuric acid, to increase conductivity, the Mayer cell operates at an enormous performance with clean water.
---- According to eyewitnesses, the most striking aspect of Meyer's cell was that it remained cold even after hours of gas production.
---- Mayer’s experiments, which he considered possible to submit for patenting, have earned a series of US patents submitted under Section 101. The presentation of the patent under this section depends on the successful demonstration of the invention to the Patent Review Committee.
---- Meyer's cell has much in common with the electrolytic cell, except that it works at high potential and low current better than other methods. The design is simple. Electrodes — we refer those who are interested to Meyer’s — are made of parallel plates of stainless steel, forming either a flat or concentric design. The gas output depends inversely on the distance between them. The distance of 1.5 mm offered by the patent gives a good result.
---- Significant differences are in the nutrition of the cell. Mayer uses an external inductance, which forms an oscillating circuit with a cell capacitance — pure water, apparently, has a dielectric constant of about 5 — to create a parallel resonant circuit. It is excited by a powerful pulse generator, which, together with the capacitance of the cell and the rectifying diode, makes up the pump circuit. The high frequency of the pulses produces a stepwise rising potential at the electrodes of the cell until a point is reached where the water molecule disintegrates and a short current pulse arises. A power current measurement circuit detects this surge and locks the source of pulses for several cycles, allowing water to recover.
---- Keith Hindley, a research chemist, offers the following description of Meyer’s cell demonstration: “After a day of presentations, the Griffin committee witnessed a number of important features of the WFC (water fuel cell, as the inventor called it).
---- A group of eyewitnesses to independent UK scientific observers testified that the American inventor, Stanley Meyer, successfully decomposes ordinary tap water into its constituent elements through a combination of high-voltage pulses, with an average current consumption of only milliamperes. The fixed gas output was sufficient to show the hydrogen-oxygen flame that instantly melted the steel.
---- Compared with conventional high-current electrolysis, eyewitnesses stated the absence of any heating of the cell. Mayer declined to comment on the details that would allow scientists to reproduce and evaluate his “water cell.” However, he provided a fairly detailed description of the US Patent Office to convince them that he could substantiate his application for an invention.
---- One demonstration cell was equipped with two parallel excitation electrodes. After filling with tap water, the electrodes generated gas at very low current levels — no more than a few tenths of amperes, and even milliamperes, as Mayer claims, the gas output increased when the electrodes moved more closely and decreased when they moved away. The potential impulse reached tens of thousands of volts.
---- The second cell contained 9 cells with double stainless steel tubes and produced much more gas. A series of photographs was taken showing gas production at the milliamp level. When the voltage was brought to the limit, the gas came out in a very impressive amount.
---- "We noticed that the water at the top of the cell slowly began to turn from pale cream to dark brown, and we are almost certain that chlorine in strongly chlorinated tap water affects the stainless steel tubes used to excite".
---- He demonstrated gas production at milliampere and kilovolt levels.
---- "The most remarkable observation is that the WFC and all its metal tubes were completely cool to the touch, even after more than 20 minutes of operation. The" splitting molecules "mechanism develops extremely little heat compared to electrolysis where the electrolyte is heated quickly."
---- Result allows you to consider the efficient and controlled production of gas, which quickly arises, and is safe in operation. We clearly saw how the increase and decrease in potential is used to control the production of gas. We saw how the gas flow stopped and started again, respectively, when the input voltage was turned off and on again. "
---- "After hours of discussion amongst ourselves, we concluded that Steve Meyer came to invent a completely new method for decomposing water, which revealed some features of classical electrolysis. This is confirmed by the fact that his devices, really working, are taken from his collection certified by US patents for various parts of the WFC system. Since they were submitted under Section 101 of the US Patent Office, the equipment included in the patents was experimentally verified by experts from the US Patent Office, their second experts and all applications have been installed. "
---- "The main WFC was subjected to a three-year trial. This raised the granted patents to the level of independent, critical, scientific, and engineering proof that the devices actually work as described."
The practical demonstration of Meyer’s cell is significantly more convincing than the pseudoscientific jargon that is used for the explanation. The inventor personally spoke about the distortion and polarization of the water molecule, leading to an independent breaking of the bond under the action of an electric field gradient, resonance within the molecule, which enhances the effect.
---- Apart from the abundant release of oxygen and hydrogen and minimal cell heating, eyewitnesses also report that the water inside the cell disappears quickly, passing into its constituent parts in the form of aerosols from a huge number of tiny bubbles covering the surface of the cell.
---- Mayer stated that he has been running a hydrogen-oxygen mixture converter for the past 4 years, using a chain of 6 cylindrical cells.
Brief description of drawings
FIGURE 1 illustrates the scheme used in the process.
FIGURE 2 shows the “water condenser” in perspective.
FIGURES 3a through 3f illustrate the theoretical basis of the phenomena observed during the operation of the invention.
---- Description of the best implementation:
---- In brief, the invention is a method for producing a mixture of hydrogen and oxygen and other gases dissolved in water.
---- The process is as follows:
(A) a capacitor, in which water is enclosed as a dielectric fluid between the plates, included in a series resonant circuit with a choke
(B) a pulsing unipolar voltage is applied to the capacitor, in which the polarity is in no way connected to external grounding, due to which the water molecules in the capacitor are subject to a charge of the same polarity and the molecules are stretched by electric polar forces
(C) select the frequency of the pulses arriving at the capacitor corresponding to the natural resonance frequency of the molecule
(D) the prolonged action of the pulses in the resonance mode leads to the fact that the level of the vibrational energy of the molecules increases with each pulse
(E) the combination of a pulsating and a constant electric field leads to the fact that at some point the strength of the electrical bond in the molecule weakens so much that the strength of the external electric field exceeds the binding energy, and the oxygen and hydrogen atoms are released as separate gases
(F) collecting a ready-to-use mixture of oxygen, hydrogen and other gases dissolved in water as fuel.
The sequence of processes is shown in the following Table 1, in which water molecules undergo an increase in electrical forces. In the normal state, at random, the oriented water molecules are aligned with respect to the external field.
---- Design parameters based on the knowledge of theoretical principles allow to calculate the energy of direct and pulsed current required for the decomposition of water.
---- TABLE 1
The sequence of states of the water molecule
and / or hydrogen / oxygen / other atoms:
B. Orientation of molecules along field lines
C. polarization of the molecule
D. molecule elongation
E. Covalent bond break
F. release of gases
---- Optimum gas output is achieved in a resonant circuit. The frequency is chosen equal to the resonant frequency of the molecules.
---- For the manufacture of plates of the condenser, preference is given to stainless steel brand T-304, which does not interact with water, oxygen and hydrogen.
---- Started gas outlet is controlled by a decrease in operating parameters. Since the resonant frequency is fixed, performance can be controlled by changing the pulse voltage, shape, or number of pulses.
---- A booster coil is wound on a conventional toroidal ferrite core 1.50 inches in diameter and 0.25 inches thick. The primary coil contains 200 turns of 24 caliber, the secondary 600 turns of 36 caliber.
---- Type 1N1198 diode is used for rectifying AC voltage. The primary winding impulses the duty cycle pulses 2. The transformer provides a voltage increase of 5 times, although the optimal coefficient is chosen in a practical way. The choke contains 100 turns of caliber 24, 1 inch in diameter. There must be a short break in the pulse train. No current flows through the ideal capacitor. Considering water as an ideal condenser, we make sure that energy will not be spent on water heating.
---- Real water has some residual conductivity due to the presence of impurities. It is better if the water in the cell is chemically pure. Electrolyte is not added to the water.
---- In the process of electrical resonance, any potential level can be reached.
---- As noted above, the capacitance depends on the dielectric constant of water and the size of the capacitor.
---- In the example of the pattern FIG. 1 two 4 inch concentric cylinders make up the condenser. The distance between the surfaces of the cylinders is 0.0625 inch. Resonance in the circuit was achieved with a 26 volt pulse applied to the primary winding.
In any resonant circuit, when the resonance is reached, the current is minimal and the output voltage is maximum. The calculation of the resonance frequency is traditional. The second inductance is adjusted depending on the purity of the water so that the potential applied to the water is constant. Water flow is controlled in any suitable way.
Setup of the device is simple for the qualified specialist.
*** END OF PATENT TEXT ***
---- Diode 1N1198 can be replaced with NTE5995 or ECG5994. These are pulsed diodes of 40 amps 600 volts (40 A - where so much ?!).
---- T304 stainless steel is great, but other types should work the same. T304 is just more accessible.
---- The outer tube is sized to fit 3/4 inch, 16 gauge (0.06 inch wall thickness), 4 inches long. An inner tube with a diameter of 1/2 inch 18 gauge (a wall of 0.049 inch, this is an approximate size for this tube, the actual caliber cannot be calculated from the patent documentation, but this size should work), 4 inches long.
---- You will need to connect two conductors to the tubes. Use for this stainless rods and acid-free solder! (someday this water will still return to your water faucet).
---- You must also ensure that the tubes are separated. This can be done with a small piece of plastic. It should not interfere with the free passage of water. It is not indicated whether there should be water inside the tube. It seems that it is there, but it does not affect the operation of the device at all. The patent does not speak, but I would think that some insulation of the wires would not damage (and, apparently, should not be dangerous).
---- The frequency was not printed, based on the size of the coils and the transformer, the frequency does not exceed 50 Mhz. Do not rest on this fact, this is just my guess.