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What are the keys from F1 to F12 on the keyboard for?

Function keys (Eng. Function key) - keys on a computer or terminal keyboard that are programmed to call the commands of the operating system or perform certain actions by various programs and games.

The keys F1 through F12 , known as function keys, are in the top row of any keyboard. They are located in such a convenient place not for beauty. They simplify many operations, save time and increase the efficiency of your work. invites you to find out all the available features of the F1 - F12 function keys and take full advantage of your keyboard at work and at home.

Mac OS

On Mac OS up to Mac OS 9, function keys can be configured by the user using the function key control panel to launch programs or AppleScript. Mac OS X by default assigns functions to the keys F9 , F10 , F11 (for Exposé), F12 (for Dashboard) and F14 , F15 (to reduce / increase contrast). On new Apple laptops, all function keys are assigned basic functions, such as volume control, brightness control, the NumLock key and opening the drive.

Microsoft Windows

Since the development of IBM Common User Access, the F1 key has gradually become a universal help or help key, starting from the earliest Windows programs to this day.

The F2 key in Windows Explorer, Microsoft Visual Studio, and several other programs serves as a command to rename files.

F3 is commonly used to activate the search function. The ⇧ Shift + F3 key combination is often used to search in the opposite direction.

F5 has the function of updating in many browsers and programs.

F11 enables full-screen mode in some browsers.

Alt + F4 on Windows is used to close applications, and Ctrl + F4 is used to close part of a document or program (for example, tabs).

F10 activates the full menu, ⇧ Shift + F10 activates the context menu.

Other key assignments for Microsoft applications:

  • In Microsoft Word, the ⇧ Shift + F1 key combination shows formatting.
  • In Microsoft PowerPoint, the F5 starts the slide show, and the F6 moves to the next area.
  • F7 for spell checking,
  • Alt + F8 to invoke the macro dialog.

Key Values ​​List F1 - F12

Each of the twelve has a default value for Windows systems, as well as some programs. A single press can replace a similar key combination, or perform a unique action that was not set in any other way. F1 - F12 are essentially “hot keys” that speed up access to system functions.

F1 key

  • Help in the active window of most programs;
  • Call "Help and Support" in Windows, sometimes "Taskbar";
  • Log in to “CMOS” - BIOS settings at computer startup (true not for all versions of Bios).

F2 key

  • The Rename function is applied to the selected object (file, folder or shortcut);
  • In combination with "Ctrl" displays a preview window in Microsoft Word;
  • In combination "Alt + Ctrl + F2" - call the "Open" dialog box in Microsoft Word;
  • Entering BIOS settings at computer startup (not true for all versions of Bios).

F3 key

  • In most programs, it performs a search (calling the search area);
  • In the MS-DOS environment or the Windows command line, repeats the last action performed;
  • In combination with “Shift” it changes the case of the entered letters in Microsoft Word (from capital to lowercase).

F4 key

  • Calling the search box (both for Windows and for some programs);
  • Repeat the last action in Microsoft Word;
  • In combination with "Alt" will close the active application window;
  • In combination with "Ctrl" will close the windows within the active window.

F5 key

  • For all Internet browsers, the Refresh function, or the same action for a document or an open Windows directory;
  • Calling the Find and Replace function in Microsoft Word;
  • Insert the current time and date in the Notepad program;
  • Running slide shows in Microsoft PowwerPoint;
  • Copy function in the TotalCommander file manager.

F6 key

  • Move the cursor to the address bar in the Internet browser (Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome);
  • The “Move” function in the “TotalCommander” file manager.

F7 key

  • Check spelling in an open Microsoft Word document;
  • The function "Create a new directory" in the file manager "TotalCommander".

F8 key

  • Highlighting the contents of the address bar in the Opera browser;
  • The “Delete” function in the “TotalCommander” file manager.

F9 key

  • Call "Measurement Toolbar" in Quark 5.0.

F10 key

  • Call the program menu (true for many applications on Windows);
  • Transition to the hidden reserve partition of the hard drive (true for some branded assemblies).

F11 key

  • Switch to full-screen viewing mode in all Internet browsers;
  • Also, the transition to the hidden partition of the hard drive on some branded assemblies.

F12 key

  • Calling the "Save As ..." dialog box in Microsoft Word;
  • In combination with “Shift” saving an open Microsoft Word document;
  • The combination of " Ctrl + Shift + F12 " - print the current Microsoft Word document;
  • Calling up quick settings in the Opera browser;

The above functions of the F1 - F12 keys are only the main ones that are often found in Windows, but in practice you can find other values ​​that are used in specialized software. Functionality increases significantly, when used on laptops in combination with Fn ...

Function keys F1 to F12

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