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What are the keys F1 through F12 for the keyboard?

Function keys (English Function key) are keys on a computer or terminal keyboard that are programmed to call operating system commands or perform certain actions by various programs and games.

The keys F1 through F12 , known as function keys, are in the uppermost row of any keyboard. They are located in such a convenient place is not for beauty. They allow you to simplify the implementation of many operations, save time and improve the efficiency of your work. offers you to learn all the available features of the F1 - F12 function keys and take full advantage of your keyboard at work and at home.

Mac OS

In Mac OS up to Mac OS 9, function keys can be customized by the user using the function key control panel to launch programs or AppleScript. Mac OS X defaults to F9 , F10 , F11 (for Exposé), F12 (for Dashboard) and F14 , F15 keys (to reduce / increase the contrast) by default. On new Apple laptops, all key functions are assigned basic actions, for example, volume control, brightness adjustment, NumLock key and opening the drive.

Microsoft Windows

After the development of IBM Common User Access, the F1 key has gradually become a universal help or help button, starting from the earliest Windows programs to this day.

The F2 key in Windows Explorer, Microsoft Visual Studio and a number of other programs serves as a file renaming command.

F3 is usually used to activate the search function. The key combination ⇧ Shift + F3 is often used to search in the reverse direction.

F5 performs the function of updating in many browsers and programs.

F11 includes full screen mode in some browsers.

Alt + F4 in Windows is used to close applications, and Ctrl + F4 - to close part of the document or program (for example, tabs).

F10 activates the full menu, ⇧ Shift + F10 activates the context menu.

Other key assignments for Microsoft applications:

  • In Microsoft Word, the ⇧ Shift + F1 key combination shows formatting.
  • In Microsoft PowerPoint, F5 starts the slideshow, and F6 moves to the next area.
  • F7 for spell checking,
  • Alt + F8 to open the dialog macro.

List of key values ​​F1 - F12

Each of the twelve has a default value for Windows systems, as well as some programs. A single press can replace a similar key combination, or perform a unique action not otherwise indicated. F1 - F12 , are essentially "hot keys", speeding up access to system functions.

F1 key

  • Calling help in the active window of most programs;
  • Call "Help and Support" in Windows, sometimes the "Taskbar";
  • Log into the "CMOS" - BIOS settings when booting the computer (this is not true for all versions of Bios).

F2 key

  • The "Rename" function is applied to the selected object (file, folder or shortcut);
  • In conjunction with "Ctrl" displays a preview window in Microsoft Word;
  • In combination, "Alt + Ctrl + F2" - opens the "Open" dialog box in Microsoft Word;
  • Enter the BIOS settings when the computer boots (not true for all versions of Bios).

F3 key

  • In most programs, it performs a search (call the search area);
  • In the MS-DOS environment or the Windows command line, it repeats the last action performed;
  • In combination with "Shift" it changes the case of the entered letters in Microsoft Word (from uppercase to lowercase).

F4 key

  • Calling the search window (for both Windows and some programs);
  • Repeat the last action in Microsoft Word;
  • In conjunction with "Alt" will close the active application window;
  • In conjunction with "Ctrl" will close the windows within the active window.

F5 key

  • For all Internet browsers the function "Refresh", or the same action for a document or an open Windows directory;
  • Calling the Find and Replace function in Microsoft Word;
  • Inserting the current time and date in the Notepad program;
  • Launching a slide show in Microsoft PowwerPoint;
  • Function "Copy" in the file manager "TotalCommander".

F6 key

  • Move the cursor to the address bar in the Internet browser (Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome);
  • Function "Move" in the file manager "TotalCommander".

F7 key

  • Check spelling in an open Microsoft Word document;
  • Function "Create a new directory" in the file manager "TotalCommander".

F8 key

  • Selecting the contents of the address bar in the browser "Opera";
  • The "Delete" function in the file manager "TotalCommander".

F9 key

  • Call the "Measurement Toolbar" in Quark 5.0.

F10 key

  • Calling the program menu (true for many applications in Windows);
  • Go to the hidden spare part of the hard drive (true for some branded assemblies).

F11 key

  • Switch to full-screen browsing mode in all Internet browsers;
  • Also, move to the hidden partition of the hard drive on some branded assemblies.

F12 key

  • Calling the Save As dialog box in Microsoft Word;
  • In combination with "Shift", saving an open Microsoft Word document;
  • The combination " Ctrl + Shift + F12 " - prints the current Microsoft Word document;
  • Calling the fastest settings in the Opera browser;

The above functions of the keys F1 - F12 , are only the main ones that often occur in Windows, in practice you can find other values ​​that are used in specialized software. Functionality rises at times, when used on laptops in combination with Fn ...

Function keys F1 to F12

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